UPDATED: Prices of dairy products may extend this year's 34 percent slump, economists say, adding to pressure on Fonterra Cooperative Group [NZX: FCG] to lower its milk payout forecast and taking some of the steam out of New Zealand's economic expansion.
The GDT Price Index dropped 8.9 percent to the lowest level since December 2012 in the latest GlobalDairyTrade auction, the 10th decline in past 11 sales. ASB rural economist Nathan Penny says his firm is reviewing its own forecasts for Fonterra's payouts to its farmers and the implications a reduced milk price would have for the economy.
"We haven't quite found that trough yet, but we do expect that it will emerge some time this year," Penny said. "We had expected dairy prices to stabilise a little sooner, or have clearer signs of stabilisation by now, so hence we're going to revise our forecast down for the milk price."
Elevated dairy prices propelled New Zealand's terms of trade to a 40-year high in the first quarter of this year, providing a major impetus to the nation's growth, though some economists say they may have peaked given the subsequent decline in prices of milk powder exports. Last month, ANZ Bank New Zealand downgraded its forecast for Fonterra's 2015 milk payout, estimating weaker prices would reduce dairy incomes by $3 billion in the season.
Exports of milk powder, butter and cheese make up 31 percent of New Zealand's total overseas shipments, based on government figures for the 12 months ended May 31, and surged 36 percent in that year. Dairy exports are almost three times more valuable than meat, the next-biggest commodity New Zealand sells to the world.
In May, Canterbury-based dairy processor Synlait Milk cut its earnings forecast for a second time, citing a high kiwi dollar and volatile world dairy prices. It followed Fonterra in lowering its milk payout forecast, saying the 2014 payout could be as low as $8.20 a kilogram of milk solids. Both dairy companies are projecting a lower payout of $7 per MS/kg for 2015.
Synlait shares fell 2.3 percent to $3.34 and have shed about 13 percent this year. A2 Milk Co fell 1.5 percent to 67 cents.
"If falling dairy prices are telling us a picture of declining demand, in which previous spikes in price have led to demand destruction and expanding supply for demand, it's probably more of a negative for those that have been furiously building milk powder and infant formula plants," said Matthew Goodson, who helps manage $650 million of equities and property holdings for Salt Fund Management. "It's certainly a negative for the Synlaits of this world."
Units in Fonterra Shareholders' Fund [NZX: FSF], which give investors access to the company's dividends, rose 0.7 percent to $5.89. Milk is both an input and an output cost for Fonterra, which posted a 53 percent drop in first-half profit in March, saying the price of milk had run ahead of prices for products such as cheese and casein, shrinking its margins.
"It's probably a mixed impact for Fonterra, obviously milk price is an input so for Fonterra Shareholders' Fund its potentially a future positive, bizarrely, but it depends on the mix of movements in the basket," Goodson said.
EARLIER: Dairy product prices drop to lowest since December 2012
Dairy product prices fell to the lowest level since December 2012 in the latest GlobalDairyTrade auction, paced by whole milk powder and anhydrous milk fat.
The GDT price index dropped 8.9 percent to US$3,309 a tonne, from US$3,595 a tonne two weeks ago. Some 36,656 tonnes of product was sold, down from 41,513 tonnes two weeks ago.
New Zealand's regional economies are milking the dairy industry, taking NZ$14.3 billion in total in 2013-14 - a 40 percent increase in earnings - DairyNZ figures showed earlier this week. In total, it's estimated the New Zealand economy earned NZ$17.6 billion from dairy exports that year.
In the latest GDT auction, whole milk powder shed 10.9 percent to US$3,088 a tonne. Anhydrous milk fat dropped 10.0 percent to US$3,250, while rennet casein fell 8.9 percent to US$9,761 a tonne.
Skim milk powder slumped 7.1 percent to US$3,516 a tonne and butter milk powder declined 4.6 percent to US$4,426 a tonne.
Cheddar slipped 1.6 percent to US$4,164 a tonne. Butter fell 1.1 percent to US$3,144 a tonne.
Neither lactose nor milk protein concentrate were offered at the event.
The New Zealand dollar was trading at 88.16 US cents before the release. It dropped as low as 87.50 cents and was recently trading at 87.65 cents.
There were 144 winning bidders out of 177 participating bidders at the 13-round auction. The number of qualified bidders fell to 663 from 702 at the last auction.