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The New Zealand dollar is heading for a 0.8 percent gain against the greenback this week, having tested a post-float high 88.40 US cents, as the prospect of lower interest rates in the US stokes demand for higher-yielding assets.
The kiwi rose to 88.08 US cents at 5pm in Wellington from 87.38 cents on Friday in New York last week, and was little changed from 88.21 cents at 8am and 88.20 cents yesterday. The trade-weighted index was 81.85 at 5pm in Wellington from 81.91 yesterday, and is heading for a 0.7 percent weekly gain from 81.30 last Friday.
A BusinessDesk survey of 10 traders and strategists on Monday predicted the kiwi would trade between 86.40 US cents and 88.50 cents this week. Six predicted the kiwi would fall this week, while two expected it to gain and two said it would likely remain largely unchanged.
The local currency benefited from renewed investor appetite for riskier assets after minutes to the Federal Reserve's June policy meeting prompted speculation the central bank will keep interest rates near zero for longer than previously anticipated. New Zealand's interest rate track is on the way up, with the Reserve Bank already hiking the benchmark rate three times this year, and at 4.45 percent, the yield on New Zealand 10-year government bonds is 192 basis points higher than their US equivalent.
"High yielding currencies are what investors want, and being the highest of all the kiwi is the biggest one to gain," said Alex Hill, head of dealing at HiFX in Auckland. "We're just south of an all-time high and could look to be threatening that next week."
Government figures today showed food prices rose at an annual pace of 1.2 percent in June. The series accounts for almost a fifth of the consumers price index, and economists anticipate a 0.5 percent rise in second-quarter CPI. Traders will be watching New Zealand's second-quarter inflation figures next week to see whether the pace of rising prices will prompt the Reserve Bank to stick to its expected track for interest rate increases. Investors are pricing in 84 basis points of increases to the 3.25 percent official cash rate over the coming 12 months, according to the Overnight Index Swap curve.
The local currency traded at 64.75 euro cents at 5pm in Wellington from 64.64 cents yesterday as concerns that missed payments by one of Portugal's biggest banks may spread to other lenders in the region. The kiwi was little changed at 51.43 British pence from 51.42 pence yesterday.
The New Zealand dollar was almost unchanged at 93.81 Australian cents from 93.82 cents yesterday, and fell to 89.16 yen from 89.55 yen.