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Dairy, meat and log shipments to China boost trade surplus

New Zealand posted a bigger trade surplus than expected last month on shipments of whole milk powder, logs and sheep meat to China.

The surplus was $414 million in February from a revised deficit of $287 million in the previous month, according to Statistics New Zealand. The annual trade deficit narrowed to $1.08 billion from $1.3 billion. The figures beat the Reuters forecast for a monthly surplus of just $17 million and an annual gap of $1.48 billion.

"This improvement may continue for another month or two before the drought begins to weigh on commodity export volumes and as the Canterbury rebuild increasingly adds to demand for imports," economists at Westpac said in a report. "Trade deficits will persist from this point."

Exports last month rose 8 percent from a year earlier to $3.9 billion, driven by a 24 percent gain in shipments of milk powder, butter and cheese. Among other gains, casein and caseinates rose $54 million, logs gained by $29 million and precious metals rose $26 million.

Mechanical machinery posted the biggest decline, down $28 million.

Exports to China climbed 49 percent in February from a year earlier, while the US took in 13 percent more, exports to Singapore rose 70 percent, Japan was up 12 percent and Korea rose 19 percent. That was offset by a 9.2 percent decline in exports to Australia, the nation's biggest market.

Imports rose 2.5 percent to $3.5 billion, led by an 11 percent gain in consumption goods such as clothing, footwear and furniture. Capital goods such as machinery and plant declined 5 percent and intermediate goods such as fertiliser fell 0.9 percent.

The seasonally adjusted surplus in February was $83 million.


Comments and questions

Free trading with China is really proving to be a wise move .... more Western nations should their pride aside and follow NZ and Australia.