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NZ records first November trade surplus since 1991 as China becomes biggest trading partner

New Zealand reported its first trade surplus for the month of November in 22 years as rising dairy exports into China made it the country's biggest trading partner.

The trade balance turned to a surplus of $183 million in November, the first since 1991, turning around a deficit of $173 million in October, and a shortfall of $587 million a year earlier, according to Statistics New Zealand. The annual trade deficit narrowed to $248 million from $1 billion in October, and $1.39 billion in November 2012.

Statistics NZ released the figures early after inadvertently publishing some of the data on its website today.

Exports rose 17 percent to $4.47 billion in November from the same month earlier, and were up an annual 2.6 percent to $47.43 billion. The monthly exports to China climbed 80 percent to $1.23 billion from a year earlier, of which some $774 million was dairy products.

Sales to China rose an annual 42 percent to $9.42 billion, making it New Zealand's biggest export destination, and the country's biggest trading partner.

"China is now our top export destination on an annual basis, just under two years after it became our top annual imports partner in December 2011," industry and labour statistics manager Louise Holmes-Oliver said in a statement.

Statistics NZ figures today showed dairy was largely behind a 1.4 percent economic growth in the September quarter as the sector bounced back from last summer's drought, and Chinese demand for milk powder has helped lift the country's terms of trade to a 40-year high in that period.

Reserve Bank governor Graeme Wheeler last week warned of the increasing concentration of exports into China, having previously said a slowing in the world's second-biggest economy could take the wind out of high commodity prices and put an over-leveraged dairy sector under strain.

Today's trade figures show exports of milk powder, butter and cheese climbed 61 percent to $1.69 billion in November from a year earlier, while casein and caseinates sales increased 28 percent to $102 million. Dairy products made up about 29 percent of the country's annual exports, up from about 27 percent a year earlier.

The quantity of milk powder, butter and cheese rose 6.9 percent to a seasonally adjusted 250,000 tonnes in November.

Exports of logs, wood and wood articles advanced 17 percent to $338 million and were up an annual 21 percent to $3.79 billion. The volume of logs and wood sold fell 14 percent to 1.62 million cubic metres in the month.

Imports fell 2.8 percent to $4.29 billion in November from the same month a year earlier, and were up an annual 0.1 percent to $47.67 billion. Imports from China climbed 12 percent to $820 million in November for an annual increase of 6 percent to $8.21 billion.

Purchases of petroleum and products fell 38 percent to $486 million in November, and were down 10 percent to $7.69 billion in the year, while mechanical machinery and equipment imports rose 5.6 percent to $571 million in November, down 0.8 percent to $6.02 billion annually.


Comments and questions

What is the difference between Latin America and NZ in regard to China:

1 Why have the crises been so frequent in Latin America in the past?

There are mainly two reasons: First, Latin American countries rely too much on foreign capital. If a country relies too much on foreign capital, its national economy will be very fragile. Any sign of disturbance or trouble would make the foreign capital flee.

Second, the industrial structure of Latin American countries depends too much on natural resources. Relatively speaking, industrialization there is not very developed. This increases the fragility of the national economy. For example, the prices of natural resources fluctuate a lot, which makes the government rather passive in making plans about its financial revenue and expenditure.

2 Organised by the Victoria Institute for Links with Latin America, the day-long seminar will discuss the remarkable growth in China’s global impact and how this is affecting policy directions and economic trends in Latin America and New Zealand.

What a joke! Crises are frequent in South America because of poor policies. Corruption, ineptitude, indifference, marxist policies to rally the masses, you name it.