Two deals might help extend last week's momentum on equity markets in the US and Europe – one that helps the US avoid its fiscal cliff and a second that would end the immediate threat of Greece defaulting on its debt.
Optimism was fuelled on both fronts before the weekend, though the timing for an agreement by US lawmakers on preventing automatic tax increases and spending cuts worth about $US607 billion set to kick in on January 1 remains more open-ended.
Officials from the White House and Congress will resume negotiations this week. US President Barack Obama said on November 18 he was "confident" a new US budget deal would be reached.
Meanwhile, EU commissioner Olli Rehn on Thursday said he saw no reason a deal on Greece could not be concluded tomorrow, when eurozone finance ministers, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank meet again.
Greek Finance Minister Yannis Stournaras expressed confidence the IMF would ease earlier deficit targets imposed on the debt-stricken nation, opening the door to the transfer of more funds.
"It's a done deal," Stournaras told reporters in Brussels on Friday after meeting with EU officials and IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde, Bloomberg reported.
Commitment to resolving budgetary and debt issues that risk hampering US and European economies bolstered stocks last week.
In the Thanksgiving holiday shortened week in the US, the Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 3.3%, the Standard & Poor's 500 advanced 3.6% and the Nasdaq Composite climbed 4%.
In the past five days, the benchmark Stoxx Europe 600 Index rose 4%. It is the first time the gauge has gained every day of the week since July 1, 2011, according to Bloomberg.
The advance in European stock prices came even though EU leaders struggled to see eye to eye in talks about the next seven-year budget for the region and a two-day meeting late last week ended in failure.
European Council president Herman Van Rompuy said they decided to abandon the special summit on the 2014-20 EU budget, worth about one trillion euros, and would try to reach a compromise early next year, according to Reuters.
On the US economic front in the days ahead, investors will eye the latest reports on durable goods orders and consumer confidence on Tuesday, weekly jobless claims on Thursday, the Chicago Purchasing Managers Index and personal income and outlays on Friday.
The Federal Reserve's beige book is due on Wednesday.
Also, three reports on the housing market might confirm the recent data indicating strength and optimism in this industry's pace of recovery.
The S&P/Case-Shiller home price index for September, due Tuesday, is expected to show the eighth straight month of increases, while new home sales for October, due Wednesday, and October pending home sales data, due out on Thursday, are also expected to show a stronger housing market, according to Reuters.
The US Treasury is set to auction $US35 billion of two-year notes on Tuesday, $US35 billion of five-year securities Wednesday and $US29 billion of seven-year debt on Thursday.
The first clues on how retailers fared on Black Friday, the day after Thanksgiving, will also provide a helpful indicator on the state of the American consumer. The National Retail Federation predicts sales during the holiday season to increase 4.1% this year, down from last year's 5.6% growth.
On Friday, Europe offered some surprisingly good economic news. The Ifo institute's business climate index unexpectedly rose, climbing to 101.4 in November from 100 in October, the first increase in eight months.
That helped the euro finish what had already been a good week on an even more positive note, rising 1.8% against the greenback and climbing 3.2% against the Japanese yen in the past five days.
"Certainly, sentiment towards euro has changed," Camilla Sutton, chief currency strategist in Toronto at Bank of Nova Scotia, told Bloomberg News. The euro "rallied slightly again after we got German confidence numbers, which highlighted better-than-expected business sentiment".
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