Audit exposes fake science of climate change

Rodney Hide


Breaking news: the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) admits assessments nonsense.

That’s not quite true. The IPCC made the admission but it wasn’t breaking news. In fact, it wasn’t news at all.

A kind reader alerted me to the admission.

It goes like this. Schoolboy errors in the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment were widely publicised in 2010. The UN Secretary General and the IPCC chair responded asking the InterAcademy Council (IAC) to undertake an independent review of IPCC “processes and procedures.” 

Last month, the IPCC announced that it had implemented “a set of recommendations issued in August 2010 by the InterAcademy Council”. That is, the IPCC accepted the IAC’s findings.

That’s the admission.

Here is what the IAC found. “The IPCC has no formal process or criteria for selecting authors” and no “transparent author-selection process or well-defined criteria for author selection” (P15). 

It’s mates choosing mates. And the most important thing is for authors to believe the human-induced global warming nonsense before they start.

The information used in “IPCC assessments often appears in the so-called “grey literature,” which includes model output produced by government agencies, international organisations, universities, research centres, nongovernmental organisations, corporations, professional societies and other groups.

The extent to which such information has been peer-reviewed varies a great deal, as does its quality” (P16).

So much for the constant refrain from IPCC whooper-uppers that it’s all peered-reviewed and top notch science.  It’s nothing of the sort.

Indeed, “Many of the conclusions in the ‘Current Knowledge About Future Impacts’ section of the Working Group II Summary for Policymakers are based on unpublished or non-peer-reviewed literature” (P34).

Worse, the IPCC Assessments have been using information from “blogs, newspaper articles, press releases, advocacy group reports” which then have not been properly cited (P17).

The infamously wrong Fourth Assessment prediction in 2007 that the Himalayan glaciers could disappear by 2035 or sooner was based on a World Wildlife Fund report that was based on a 1999 article in New Scientist that, in turn, was based on unfounded speculation in an email from an Indian professor.

I kid you not.

The IAC found the IPCC’s Assessments to be one-eyed: “Alternative views are not always cited in a chapter if the Lead Authors do not agree with them” (P18).  That’s how the IPCC gets consensus! Dissent is simply ignored.

The IPCC’s Assessments also provide mock certitude about guesswork.

“In the Committee’s view, assigning probabilities to imprecise statements is not an appropriate way to characterize uncertainty” (P35).

Oh and here’s the all-important Summary for Policymakers: “Many [respondents] were concerned that reinterpretations of the assessment’s findings, suggested in the final Plenary, might be politically motivated” (P23).

“Another concern…was the difference in content between the Summary for Policymakers and the underlying report… 

"Some respondents thought that the Summary for Policymakers places more emphasis on what is known, sensational, or popular among Lead Authors than one would find in the body of the report” (P24).

The digestible summary is not backed by the big report – and the summary is hyped-up for political and media purpose.

Ultimately, it’s not science: “The Working Group II Summary for Policymakers in the Fourth Assessment Report contains many vague statements of ‘high confidence’ that are not supported sufficiently in the literature, not put into perspective, or are difficult to refute” (P40). 

That leaves the IPCC Assessments up there with political and religious blather.

That’s what the UN-sponsored review of their own work found. The IPCC has accepted the stinging rebuke and implemented the recommendations.

That’s damning stuff. But it’s not news.

We now know the IPCC’s Assessments by its own lights can be tossed as fake science. No one would base any serious policy decisions on them.

Oh, wait a minute…

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This in a week when NASA revealed the Greenland icecap is undergoing massive and significant melting.
Really why do we have to listen to the musings on know-nothing politicos when the actual specialists (the climate scientists themselves) are telling us loud and clear what is happening?
I wonder if your grandchildren will forgive you Hide.

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What nonsense - you are only telling half the story. The Nasa report clearly states this melt is only identified from recent satellite data that being since 1970 and the very same report states that ice core analysis shows these events have occurred on average every 150 years and therefore this latest melt may be from natural climate variability. You really do have to stop reading the 'we are all doomed' comics.

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ice cap. yes, ice melts and freezes and melts and freezes. it's called summer and winter. and usually, and forgive me for pointing out, it's because of the big yellow thing in the sky.

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You sound like the IPCC, half baked truths on dodgy premise that insults the scientific community and the world alike. As Anon #2 said in repling to you: "The Nasa report clearly states this melt is only identified from recent satellite data that being since 1970 and the very same report states that ice core analysis shows these events have occurred on average every 150 years and therefore this latest melt may be from natural climate variability"

Look Earth swings along from Grand Ice Ages which humans survived 18,000 years ago to periods where Earth is that 2C warmer, the Oceans 6 metre higher and oh look No Ice Caps. Yes we have been Ice Capless before - okay before our time some 250 million years ago but Earth has had no ice caps (which also demonstrates that this CO2 stuff is NONSENSE when Water Vapour is THE Number One Green House Gas, and the biggest influence on Earth's (outside of massive events such as Lake Taupo going up) Climate and biosphere).

The best thing we humans can do is mitigate for Climate Change - so no building right on the dunes next to a roaring Ocean or on the floodplain without stilts that floods often...

Because Earth is far more capable in adjusting herself than we can adjust her...

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Nonsense, Anon. The melting is surface only, lasts a couple of hours, and is utterly insignificant. And by the way, it occurs regularly - even the NASA report on which the scare story was based said that!

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Anon, thankfully Rodney knows his science and was our foremost expert on the environment when he was in parliament.

Will you admit to your grandchildren that you were so easily fooled? Bet you won't.

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Quite incorrect- the NASA report refers to melting of the surface, not to the whole volume of the icecap...the word SURFACE has been missed from many scaremongering reports of the original NASA report.
BTW the surface is already freezing again.

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I'm pleased this is being discussed again as it beggars belief that the climate change fanatics still achieve money and traction in an economy as stuffed as ours. A few days ago I had to spend time in the company of an overseas 'eco terrorist' whose boasts became more bizarre as the night wore on. Every ounce of energy was sapped trying not to rise to the morons bigotry, yet this geezer was happy to boast the money that flowed for the cause largely from govermental agencies. Crazy thing is these idiots have qualifications that in normal times could be put to very real constuctive use, but the new religious fervour paid for with other folks money allows them to perpetuate their scams.

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anon -- You should have read all the detail on that report . It may have not been in the MSM you read but a Goddard glaciologist is quoted saying the following :

“Ice cores from Summit show that melting events of this type occur about once every 150 years on average. With the last one happening in 1889, this event is right on time,” says Lora Koenig, a Goddard glaciologist and a member of the research team analyzing the satellite data.

Also announced recently is further evidence that increases in CO2 levels follow temperature inceases. This was from work done on Antarctic ice cores , confirming work done on the Vostok ice cores some time ago.

Pedro, J.B., Rasmussen, S.O., van Ommen T.D. (2012) Tightened constraints on the time-lag between Antarctic temperature and CO2 during the last deglaciation. Climate of the Past, 2012; 8 (4): 1213 DOI: 10.5194/cp-8-1213-2012. [Climate of the Past journal paper PDF]

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If global warming is indeed human induced, then logically there is no way to prevent it so long as the world has an increasing population. Short-term measures can be taken to slow it down with the use of alternative energies etc but you cant escape the basic fact that an increasing world population consumes more raw materials and therfore more carbon and earth warming pollutants.

Therefore I suggest that we concentrate our energies into developing an intelligent virus that every winter wipes out the bottom 5% of the worlds population through an uncontrollable pandemic instead of accelerating global warming by trying to save everyone on the planet.

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I was beginning to think I was the only one who could see this. Best to keep your head down though or someone will blow it off.

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It certainly isn't new news. For a thorough dissection of the IPCC's long record of grossly unprofessional activity read "The Delinquent Teenager who was mistaken for the World's Top Climate Expert" by Donna Lafromboise. For more detail on the malfunctioning of "climate science" it fostered read "The Hockey Stick Illusion" by Andrew Montford.

Both are available economically on Kindle and both are extensively documented. The case for the prosecution is completely damning.

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Alan - at least on this one we can agree (mostly, I think). My brother sent me an email on Japan vs. US since WWII. Some salient points at the end:

1. You cannot legislate the poor into prosperity by legislating
the wealthy out of prosperity.

2. What one person receives without working for, another
person must work for without receiving.

3. The government cannot give to anybody anything that the
government does not first take from somebody else.

4. You cannot multiply wealth by dividing it!

5. When half of the people get the idea that they do not have
to work because the other half is going to take care of them,
and when the other half gets the idea that it does no good to
work because somebody else is going to get what they work for,
that is the beginning of the end of any nation.

And that is what the whole climate change scam is all about. Taxing 'rich' countries to pay for 'development' in 'poor' countries.

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No, it's not news. The IAC review was published two years ago, but the IPCC has deferred implementing it until it was too late to impact its fifth assessment report (due 2013). The recommendation that Pachauri be removed as chairman was ignored.

Perhaps the most important recommendation was the one asking the IPCC to apply normal principles regarding conflicts of interest. The Bureau chooses authors who have written alarmist papers or articles. These lead authors then review their own work and decide to prefer it over all competing views. The outcomes are all too predictable.

This system is to remain in place for the 2013 report. So is the system of publishing a politically-authored "summary" for the media, while keeping the scientific reports under wraps for 8 months.

What other group could get away with this blatant manipulation?

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"What other group could get away with this blatant manipulation?"

Just think back to Labour's claims of increasing employment, decreasing crime and their cynical attempts to rig elections through "misappropriated" funds of over $840,000 spent on Comrade Auntie's pledge card rorts...

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Can't see why any one is surprised by this revelation; after all the organisation is a United Nations spawned child.
Hardley has credible parentage does it.

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At the risk of letting facts get in the way of a good argument, here's some reading for you to catch up on Mr Hide:

Latest atmospheric CO2 measurements from NOAA: <url></url>

Ocean acidication measurements:

Vast methane 'plumes' seen in Arctic ocean as sea ice retreats: <url>

And also, a recent article that uses more up to date information than your column is quibbling about:

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Thanks for nothing...lets all rush to Rolling Stone Magazine not to read whats cool in music but see Bill McKibben climate nutbar extraordinaire cherry pick data while totally ignoring the impact of natural nature itself. Everyone knows his real expertise lies in cosmetic dentistry...cheese.

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All this ... and yet the globe refuses to warm in accordance with the outrageously speculative hypothesis of the fanatical Hansenites.

That must really grate when the data doesn't support your pseudo-science.

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I am just reading "The Delinquent Teenager who was mistaken for the World's Top Climate Expert" by Donna Lafromboise since penning the article.

It's a must read, especially on the kindle version which carries the hyperlinks.

I knew it must be bad. I had no idea it was that bad.

There are some kiwis exposed in the book too. Hmm, perhaps another article.

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It is shocking even for those who, as you say, knew it was bad.

Montford's book is equally shocking and even more thoroughly documented.

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Thanks Alan. I will get that one too.

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What are your thoughts re: UN Agenda 21 and it's implementation via soft communitarian law at local government level in NZ Rodney?

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ICLEI or the UN's local people are threatening to take away monies from the power companies if they refuse to put on smart meters . These are harming citizens across America and our proposed rate hike in Az will be 50% in the next four years. The smart water meters started east to west and smart electric west to east. Already people in Ga, IN are trying to fight the 30-40% rate hikes. They UN is 20 years ahead of us . We better get going and let people know what they have in store for us. Read The Local Agenda 21 Planning Guide (vision 2020)

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I worked on Donna Laframboise's "citizen audit" of IPCC literature. It showed that around 30% of IPCC literature was so-called "grey" literature. This was particularly prevalent in WG2 and WG3 chapters of IPCC AR4. Some chapters were 90% non peer-reviewed.

This doesn't mean that all climate science is junk as a conclusion. What this and "Teenager" shows us is that there is a significant activist element driving the IPCC. In particular, WWF and Greenpeace have a rather large influence.

Many NGOs have a financial interest in carbon trading etc. The WWF has significant interests in the Amazonian rainforest, for example.
These organisations are not democratically elected and are not accountable to anyone but themselves.

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Thank you for the work Andy. It's very impressive. It would be a great joke if only it wasn't costing billions.

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Climate change study forces sceptical scientists to change minds:

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Citing the Grauniad as impartial is like going to Pravda for an opinion on Thatcher during the Cold War. Classic.

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As long as you keep voting for politicians who want to perpetuate taxes, you will keep being ripped off. The only solution is to move away from taxes to a voluntary society.

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What's that got to do with the price of fish?

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Anarchy and lawless society, good one! Anymore idiotic comments

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UN IPCC is funded by governments. Governments are funded by taxes. Government bureaucrats by their very nature are happy to spend your money on their favourite goals. UN IPCC is just one of them. In government there is waste everywhere. You get about 50 cents in the dollar value. If you paid voluntarily, you would get 100 cents in the dollar and be much wealthier. but all those favourite goals of bureaucrats spending your money would have to ask you for money instead of taking it off you. The only way to stop IPCC and many other rorts is to stop taxation.

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Deniers like Rodney are just as bad as alarmists. This article sidesteps the main point - climate change is real, and we will be affected.

While media has frothed up populations into either alarmist or denier camps, the sad fact remains that scientists exhibit remarkable consensus around temperature increases. The temperatures are rising, and while we are not going to see Auckland become Venice this year, we do need to be careful about beach front property over 100 years, and we do need to work on reducing co2e emissions.
this kind of rhetoric is not going to help us deal with it.

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No Lance you don't get it. Most people who disagree with AGW do not deny the climate is changing --they accept that the climate has changed for thousands of years and will continue to change in the future. We just do not accept the AGW theory and the models have not predicted what is happening in the real world.
The thing to worry about are the horrendously expensive policies that have been put in place to little or no effect.

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Lance -- the earth was getting warmer and cooler long before humans were here. Nothing now occurring is out of the ordinary. It's been warmer before and the temperature has been more rapid before.

The issue is whether there is anything to be concerned about. Apart from the models the answer is no. The models themselves are programmed to produce the results they produce. They have been debunked as have the people who programmed them

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"scientists exhibit remarkable consensus around temperature increases"

Please don't reproduce utter tosh. The temperature is something you measure (with considerable difficulty when it comes to a global average), not have a consensus about.

The climate has always changed, has always affected us and always will. Reducing CO2 emissions by amounts currently agreed will have zero effect on climate. Ask your mate Hansen. There are far better ways to spend the money for the good of humanity and the environment.

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Lance -- here is a nice little summary of what has been going on behind the scenes. ( Keep your cup of coffee away from your key board / pad as you read !!)

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In the seventies I was a denier, too. I denied the suggestion that we were facing an imminent ice age and that the State needed to step in using authoritarian measures to curb my and 5 billion other peoples behaviour.

You should be glad I was a denier.

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I am astonished that we have this sort of 'thinking' in NZ, a country that taught me this stuff at university 25 years ago.
Anthropogenic factors have driven indicators well outside the norms. Yes we have had higher co2 levels before - but at the same time we had higher temperatures and sea levels.
But I'm not going to convince anyone here, so ask your children instead - they know the science.

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Wrong again, Lance. I have the PhD in physical science, not my children and not, I suspect from your comments, you either.

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Yes Lance - that why I homeschool my kids. There's no way I'm letting them go to a science lesson only to be fed politics. And then go to a history lesson, only to be fed politics... need I go on? And all the politics has a tinge of red, with a green stripe.

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Don't let your kids go near the watermelons Wytse. Let them read books: I presume you have no TV.

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Watermelons? No, we don't need a TV to entertain ourselves, or perhaps I should say amuse ourselves. A-muse: to not think. Thats just what the left want - a population that doesn't think; one that simply accepts what they proclaim. It's just a different religion. Yep - reading good books is one of the better ways. But you also have to be careful it's not a revisionist's history...

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No Lance, they have been brainwashed at school with the politically correct view.

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I am afraid Lance has lacked any credibility whatsoever since his inspired piece about Steve Ballmer's office and its lack of an egonomic chair.

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Rodney, Its off the subject a bit but the letter from Wytse de Vries {9} is a beauty. Another article or memo for around the cabinet table.

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It is very interesting that Rodney's statement of that which has been obvious to real scientists for nearly two decades has attracted only one CAGW nutcase.
It seems that even when the lies are promulgated by no less (cough) a body than the U.N., the truth will still triumph.
Government ,as always , is dragging the chain.
When does our ETS Exchange get the chop? What an absolutely wasteful and useless piece of bureaucratic nonsense it is. That doesn't stop it issuing threats of legal action to small businesses though , as Farmer Brown can attest.

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JK states that to make changes to superannuation would be breaking trust but he had no trouble with the smacking bill, raising GST and introducing the ETS.

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Just to make it absolutuely clear, here is the position:-

"Catastrophic Man Made Global Warming is a hoax. There is no real-world evidence whatsoever to suggest that the modest warming of around 0.8 degrees C which the planet has experienced since 1850 is in any way dangerous or unprecedented. Even the suggestion that it is mostly man-made is at best moot, at worst long since falsified by real world data and superseded by more plausible theories
So next time you hear the BBC (or similar) spouting some unutterable cr*p about some amazingly shocking new event/piece of research/paper showing that the glaciers or Greenland are melting faster than before, that polar bears or coral reefs are becoming more endangered, or that there's anything remotely worrying about the possibility that the planet has warmed by 1.5 degrees C since the Industrial Revolution, don't just take it with a huge pinch of salt. Treat it with about as much respect as you would a report from North Korea radio telling you that this year's bumper grain harvest has been more gloriously plentiful than ever before and that workers are now at severe risk of expiring due to an excess of nourishment, plenitude and joy."

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At last someone mentioned that water vapour is the Green house gas and CO2 is utterly insignificant. When we have data as to how water effects the climte then we might be able to make predictions. The effects of ice reflectivity vs vapour warming and just what are which types of clouds doing to the overall aldebo of the planet need to be understood before any claims to understanding climate can take place.

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I have absolutely no problems believing that there is climate change. I also have few problems believing that part of it is due to the increase in CO2 and methane gas in the air. Where I disagree with many of the global warming crowd is just how much of it is due to us, the time scale of our effect on the environment (I'm inclined to think in terms of decades and even centuries, not mere years), and, most of all, on the consequences. If the temperature has been higher in the past (check), and the levels of CO2 and methane were higher at the same time (check), then obviously the caps melted and temperatures rose in a runaway catastrophe that rendered our world uninhabitable for all time back then. Ummm, ah, well, no. So, why is it that if it happens now it would lead to something that didn't happen last time, even though last time it had millions of years to do it? Hmmm, does that mean that the doom and gloom prophecies may not be entirely accurate? Oh, shock and horror! Woe is me! Bah, humbug.

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It's all a huge waste of money- i'd rather see it all spent on improving waterways, coastlines, as they are indicators of where the environment is being abused. Trace back to the abusers and fix the problem. The sun is way too powerful for humans to really make any diference.

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BY: MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. – JULY 28, 2012






Hydrogen abundance in our Universe involves incredible figures and contains 74% Hydrogen, and 23% to 24% Helium by mass. Hydrogen and Helium make up 98% of all matter in our universe. A German research with a super computer estimated that 500 billion galaxies exist. The amount of hydrogen in the universe is truly gigantic, and the natural biological environment of our Earth appears to be the same as 1,000’s of other planets. Compared to many solar systems with similar environments to our own solar system, it would appear that there are very many inhabited planets similar to our Earth. 500 billion galaxies are truly enormous compared to our huge galaxy. Our little planet Earth is considered of being only a tiny, little speck of dark matter in our galaxy. Every year very large amounts of hydrogen escapes the Earth’s atmosphere and is released and enters into space and into our universe.

Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems is of course our only viable energy resource for the future of this planet Earth, and will last for several hundred years. Scientists have so far identified about 500 Solar Systems in our Milky Way Galaxy. But scientists estimate that tens of billions of solar systems exist in our Milky Way Galaxy, perhaps even as many as 100 Billion Solar Systems – spectacular - and this needs our full comprehension.

This is truly incredible, and when considering the fact that our entire Universe contains 74% Hydrogen, then it is obvious that the expansion of our Universe is being done primarily by Hydrogen and Helium which makes up 98% of all matter in our Universe. In view of these basic factors, our Planet Earth would not appear to be the only inhabited planet, but it would appear that many thousands of inhabited planets very similar to our Earth would have to exist. Further space research could possibly confirm this in 30-40 years.






Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems are the most important and valuable resources to serve the global industries and population. Therefore Hydrogen Energy and Hydrogen Energy Regeneration need to be produced as cheap as possible worldwide in order to establish a safe and livable future.

Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems will reduce global climate changes, harmful carbon dioxide emissions and can replace fossil fuel. The oceans contain 11% hydrogen, and hydrogen can be reprocessed within a closed loop.

Hydrogen produces three (3) times the energy per pound compared to gasoline. The oceans comprise about 71% of the Earth’s surface. The World oceans cover an area of 139.4 million square miles (361 million sq. km), and have a water volume of 322.2 million cubic miles (1.34 million cubic km) and the oceans have an average depth of 12,230 feet (3,730 meters). The oceans water volume increases by 1 cubic meter every year.

My Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems are the ultimate and only viable energy technology and resources for the future, as I have frequently disclosed to our government since the 1960’s, but our government refused to fund my research, but now our government is illegally funding hydrogen regeneration research to universities, laboratories, and corporations on December 12, 2011, and are violating proprietary ownership laws.

Finally our economy is showing a slight improvement from a near economic collapse, and President Obama can be credited for his determined efforts to revive this country. There are two (2) major obstacles to overcome, and they are Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Development and the obstruction by greedy corporations, and politicians who do the bidding of corporations. Ordinarily, this type of obstruction and such activities are against the national interests, and have been considered as treason in the past. Basically, our government is exclusively working for the corporations.


Yadullah Hussain Jul 27, 2012 – 7:00 AM ET | Last Updated: Jul 27, 2012 2:33 PM ET

Nick Conning/Greenpeace/Reuters
A combination of high oil prices, glace race for oil and gas exploration and climate change has made Arctic an attractive proposition for companies and governments.

Part 2 of a two-part series on the prospects and challenges of exploring oil and gas in the greater Arctic region.
The greater Arctic region is one of the world’s last few unexplored energy frontiers: foreboding and risky but irresistible to world powers given its treasures beneath.

A combination of high oil prices, the global race for new discoveries and climate change has lured oil majors to dip their toes in the frigid waters in the hunt for the estimated 90 billion barrels of oil and 1,670 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, despite a backlash from environmentalists.

While many fear the region’s rapid development will destroy its fragile and unique ecosystem forever, the Arctic has the potential to generate at least US$100-billion in oil and gas and mining investments within a few years, a Chatham House report says.
• Part 1: Canadian Arctic - left out in the cold?
• Nunavut sees devolution light after long Arctic winter
• Canadian Arctic: 'A litany of missed opportunities'

“There is a wide range of potential scenarios for the Arctic’s economic future, depending principally on local investment conditions and global commodity prices,” wrote Charles Emmerson, who co-authored the Chatham report and wrote The Future History of the Arctic. “Oil and gas, mining and the shipping industries will be the biggest drivers and beneficiaries of Arctic economic development.”

“There is a wide range of potential scenarios for the Arctic’s economic future, depending principally on local investment conditions and global commodity prices,” wrote Charles Emmerson, who co-authored the Chatham report and wrote The Future History of the Arctic. “Oil and gas, mining and the shipping industries will be the biggest drivers and beneficiaries of Arctic economic development.”


ESTIMATED $900 Trillion of Arctic Oil Reserves

It is also turning the region into a new theatre for geopolitical tensions.

Canadian prime minister Stephen Harper, Russian president Vladimir Putin, Chinese premier Wen Jiabao and U.S. secretary of state Hillary Clinton have all trekked the North over the past year, either renewing their support for the region or forging new alliances.

“Canada has a choice when it comes to defending our sovereignty in the Arctic; either we use it or we lose it,” Mr. Harper famously said in 2007, adding that he intended to ‘use it’.

While Canada is still contemplating how best to manage the Arctic, others like Russia have moved swiftly and consider the Arctic to be its “top strategic resource base” by 2020.

The Arctic presents Vladimir Putin with the promise of billions of barrels within Russia’s northern boundaries.

While the Arctic Council — an interstate association comprising coastal countries and a number of interested observers such as China — ensures countries play nice and share scientific research, each country is gearing up for the great race for resources.

“Russia is the big player here and, to some degree, Norway. And if Shell strikes it rich off the Chuckchi Sea, perhaps the U.S.”

With Russia’s oil reserves depleting, the Arctic presents Mr. Putin with the promise of billions of barrels within Russia’s northern boundaries and greater political clout domestically and internationally. The Kremlin and state-owned entities have struck deals with oil majors such as Exxon Mobil Corp., Total SA, Statoil and Eni SpA as part of a plan to attract US$500-billion within its massive Arctic borders — and beyond — over 30 years.

For Russia, which needs US$120 a barrel to balance its expanding budget, Arctic resources are crucial to continue feeding its European customers and exploit its proximity to energy-hungry Asia. While Canada continues to mull over its pipelines, last year Moscow and Beijing unveiled a US$25-billion pipeline that transports 300,000 barrels per day from Siberia to the northeastern Chinese city of Daqing. A second phase is set to be completed by 2014.

“Russia is the big player here and, to some degree, Norway. And if Shell strikes it rich off the Chuckchi Sea, perhaps the U.S.,” Mr. Emmerson notes.

Ottawa and Washington have taken note of Moscow’s moves, which include plans for military installations peppered across the Arctic.

“It is a strategic resource for the United States, and you have seen political winds shift quite a bit,” says Marvin Odum, executive director upstream Americas at Royal Dutch Shell PLC. “It’s also not just about developing the resource offshore but also utilizing a key piece of infrastructure, which is the TransAlaska pipeline.”

The pipeline runs across the length of Alaska and theoretically can take up to 2.14-million barrels per day from Prudhoe Bay down to a marine terminal in Valdez.

With Russia’s oil reserves depleting, the Arctic presents Mr. Putin with the promise of billions of barrels and greater political clout domestically and internationally.

In 2008, Shell paid US$2.1-billion for 275 lease blocks in the Chukchi Sea offshore northwest Alaska to add to the leases it holds in the Beaufort Sea. The company plans to drill up to 10 wells in the two seas over two years and has invested an additional US$2.5-billion on the development, including a major oil-spill response infrastructure.

While the U.S. government has indicated it may allow more Arctic drilling, don’t expect a mad rush to match Russian plans, especially in light of BP’s Gulf of Mexico oil-spill debacle.

“We drilled for oil in the Arctic Alaska about 25-30 years ago. And we have been talking about going back this time around for about five years — in great detail,” Mr. Odum says. “So, I wouldn’t call [the U.S. approach] particularly aggressive. It has been a very thoroughly considered decision.”

Even this is too much for environmentalists. Greenpeace is seeking two million signatures to declare the Arctic a ‘global sanctuary’ and plans to plant a ‘flag for the future’ at the North Pole in a publicity campaign.

While that, and similar stunts such as fake ads on the Arctic doing the rounds on the Internet, may have a short-term impact, coastal governments and oil majors are taking a long-term view on Arctic exploration.

“There have been 5,000 environmental studies offshore Alaska to understand what happens in this environment and how wildlife and mammals live,” Mr. Odum says. “There is an incredible amount of baseline science that we go back to and insist the conversation stick to real science.”

Norway, which offers a far more predictable and stable regulatory environment than the U.S., Canada or Russia, has attracted more than US$9-billion in its Arctic fields in the past few years. With its North Sea output dwindling, Norway set its sights farther north and was rewarded with significant discoveries in the Barent Sea last year. Although Norway does not suffer from Canada’s political deadlock, it faces significant transportation capacity issues to get its output to market.

The race for oil and gas in the Arctic is uncertain and layered with political repercussions and possible conflicts.

Meanwhile, Greenland’s national oil company, Nunaoil AS, hopes to attract around US$20-billion in investment in West Disko and Baffin Bay fields over the next 20 to 30 years, in what would be a ticket to independence from Denmark.

The race for oil and gas in the Arctic is uncertain and layered with political repercussions and possible conflicts. Drilling data in the greater Arctic are also scarce compared to, say, the Gulf of Mexico, demanding greater risk assumption from oil majors.

Crucially, given North America’s oil- and gas-rich fields such as the Alberta oilsands, the Bakken and Eagle Ford, in relatively warmer climes, the Arctic could become a bigger play for Russia and Norway than for the U.S. or Canada in the near term.

But all the countries involved are conscious that the Arctic is not just a simple resource play.

Clinton in Arctic to see Impact of Climate Change
$900 Trillion Arctic Oil ??? – AFP - June 01, 2012

TROMSOE: US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton took a first-hand look on Saturday at the way a warming climate is changing the Arctic, opening the region to competition for vast oil reserves.

Experts here estimate the value of the Arctic’s untapped oil alone - not including natural gas and minerals - at $900 trillion, making it a huge prize for the five countries that surround the Arctic if they can reach it. And with climate warming opening up some 46,000 square kilometres (18,000 square miles) a year that had once been bound in ice, the region is expected to burst open, not just with oil exploration but with East-West trade along a more accessible northern route.

Returning from a tour of the Arctic coastline aboard a Norwegian research trawler with scientists and government officials, Clinton told reporters that she learned “many of the predictions about warming in the Arctic are being surpassed by the actual data.” “That was not necessarily surprising but sobering,” she said.

The United States wants to see that change managed by the Arctic Council, an advisory group composed of the Arctic’s closest neighbours, even as other countries, among them China, are drawn to the region for oil, gas and trade.

“A lot of countries are looking at what will be a potential for exploration and extraction of natural resources, as well as new sea lanes, and are increasingly expressing interest in the Arctic,” Clinton said. “We want the Arctic Council to remain the premier institution that deals with Arctic questions.” The council has its headquarters in Tromsoe, a university town of 70,000 people inside the Arctic Circle that is now emerging as a hub for research and increasingly oil and gas exploration of the region.

“Governance has to keep pace with these changes,” Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Stoere, who accompanied Clinton on her visit here, told reporters. Despite worries that a thawing Arctic could set off a “Great Game” among powers seeking to carve out their slice of undersea riches, experts here say that under the Law of the Sea only five countries can lay claim to most of it.

They are Russia, which has about half the Arctic coastline, Canada, Norway, Denmark and the United States. Each has a coastline on the Arctic giving it exclusive economic rights to all undersea resources going out 200 nautical miles. Beyond that limit, they can lay claim to the rights to the seabed as far as the continental shelf extends from their territory. Afp – 6/1/2012

COMMENT: In January, 2012 President Obama claimed that the USA has 100 Years of Natural Gas available, but that was false, and estimates claim that the Natural Gas reserves amount to not more than 11 to 21 years of supply. Now we have the $900 Trillion Oil Treasure in the Arctic, but what is the actual oil deposit in terms of 90 Billion of Barrels and the actual recovery rate, and how valid and realistic is the $900 Trillion Arctic Oil Deposit figure?

On May 2, 2006 in Washington, D.C., the Saudi Petroleum and Minerals Minister Ali Ibrahim al-Naimi stated that there are at least 14 Trillion Barrels of oil reserves left. Last year in 2011, there were only 7 Trillion Barrels of Oil left, but on June 22, 2012, now we have only 5 Trillion Barrels of oil left. The entire world and our government are being fed invalid information about our livelihood and survival.

Whatever happened to all the other huge oil reserves (oil shale) that were claimed to exist in the USA, Canada and the Gulf of Mexico, et cetera? If this were real, then it would obviously be great and change somewhat our economy and unemployment problems, but also cause increased global climate problems. It is true that there are some very large oil deposits in the Arctic, but the problems are the extraction costs and valid, actual oil recovery operations. All this will change the $900 Trillion Oil Treasure dramatically, and unfortunately the price of oil and gasoline will still remain very high. My Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems will regardless remain the most valuable energy resources that are available to replace fossil fuels for the global economy.

By: David Gregorio – Reuters

Regions outside the United States hold 20 percent more untapped conventional natural gas and about 13 percent less oil than previously estimated. The latest world petroleum assessment about 5,606 trillion cubic feet of technically recoverable conventional natural gas is still undiscovered around the world, excluding the United States.

The USGS lowered its estimate of untapped world oil resources from 649 bb to 565 billion barrels (20%) in the 2000 report. The assessment did not include unconventional fuel sources of shale oil, gas and oil sands. Advances in drilling technology are dramatically raising U.S. oil and gas output.

The Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 almost caused a nuclear war. I researched for a method to reduce a nuclear war which contained a combined stockpile of about 30,000 nuclear bombs. A small jet plane for commercial and defense use would be most useful to defuse another nuclear crisis. The global oil reserves were insufficient in 1963 and my research for a substitute of oil led me to hydrogen in the oceans which contained 11% hydrogen, and the global lakes and rivers contained 10% hydrogen.

Then the hydrogen could be enhanced with various organic and inorganic chemical components and elements to produce highly combustible reactions. These intense chemical reactions provided more than sufficient energy to include regeneration of these chemical components and elements in a closed loop processing system. The next step of research was to concentrate on how much and how long the organic and inorganic components and elements could be effectively regenerated. Some of the organic and inorganic components and elements are being consumed and used up by the continuous regeneration process within a closed loop processing system. Different chemical formulas can be used for a multitude of different energy applications such as for high speed, high torque output and many light power requirements for most commercial and general public applications.

Atomic and nuclear power was primarily developed for wars and for the annihilation of large amounts of people, and we should not allow hydrogen to become another tool for mass annihilation. Even the “peaceful” use of nuclear power plants is a major health threat to the population of many countries.

The many problems and crisis’ we have today can be corrected if we dispose of our discriminatory attitudes, extremism, superiority attitudes, and we need to reject the imposed psychological programming tactics by greedy and corrupt corporations and governments. This needs to be done if we anticipate a wholesome and gratifying future for the United States and this Planet. We are all unquestionably a part of the global community and global population. Therefore we have to become accustomed to this reality and to our future global environment. We are not alone on this planet.

Climate Change Is A National Security Threat
Say 15 Military Leaders
Republicans in Congress are attempting to prevent the military from purchasing alternative fuels, which Senator Inhofe (R-OK) believes are merely "perpetrating President Obama's global warming fantasies and his war on affordable energy." And conservative media are backing the attacks on climate change and clean energy programs, suggesting that these investments come at the expense of national security. But experts across the political spectrum agree that climate change poses a serious threat to our national security, and that transitioning to alternative energy will enhance military effectiveness. Here are 15 current and former national security officials in their own words on the threat of climate change:
• Thomas Fingar, former chairman of President Bush's National Intelligence Council: "We judge global climate change will have wide-ranging implications for US national security interests over the next 20 years ... We judge that the most significant impact for the United States will be indirect and result from climate-driven effects on many other countries and their potential to seriously affect US national security interests."

• Brig. General Steven Anderson, USA (Ret.), former Chief of Logistics under General Petraeus and a self-described "conservative Republican": "Our oil addiction, I believe, is our greatest threat to our national security. Not just foreign oil but oil in general. Because I believe that in CO2 emissions and climate change and the instability that that all drives, I think that that increases the likelihood there will be conflicts in which American soldiers are going to have to fight and die somewhere."

• Leon Panetta, Secretary of Defense: "[T]he area of climate change has a dramatic impact on national security: rising sea levels, to severe droughts, to the melting of the polar caps, to more frequent and devastating natural disasters all raise demand for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief."

• Robert Gates, former Secretary of Defense: "Over the next 20 years and more, certain pressures-population, energy, climate, economic, environmental-could combine with rapid cultural, social, and technological change to produce new sources of deprivation, rage, and instability."

• General Gordon Sullivan, USA (Ret.), former Army chief of staff: "Climate change is a national security issue. We found that climate instability will lead to instability in geopolitics and impact American military operations around the world."

• Vice Admiral Dennis McGinn, USN (Ret.): "If the destabilizing effects of climate change go unchecked, we can expect more frequent, widespread, and intense failed state scenarios creating large scale humanitarian disasters and higher potential for conflict and terrorism ... The Department of Defense and national intelligence communities recognize this clear link between climate change, national security, and instability and have begun strategic plans and programs to both mitigate and adapt to the most likely and serious effects in key areas around the globe."

• General Anthony Zinni, USMC (Ret.), former Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Central Command and special envoy to Israel and Palestine under President George W. Bush: "It's not hard to make the connection between climate change and instability, or climate change and terrorism."

• Admiral Joseph Lopez, USN (Ret.): "Climate change will provide the conditions that will extend the war on terror."

• General Chuck Wald, USAF (Ret.), former Deputy Commander of U.S. European Command under President George W. Bush: "People can say what they want to about whether they think climate change is manmade or not, but there's a problem there and the military is going to be a part of the solution. It's a national security issue because it affects the stability of certain places in the world."

• Brig. General Bob Barnes, USA (Ret.): "While most people associate global warming with droughts, rising sea levels, declining food production, species extinction and habitat destruction, fewer connect these impacts to increasing instability around the globe and the resulting threats to our national security. But the connection - and the threat it poses - is real and growing."

• Vice Admiral Richard Truly, USN (Ret.), former NASA administrator: "The stresses that climate change will put on our national security will be different than any we've dealt with in the past."

• General Paul Kern, USA (Ret.), Commander of the United States Army Materiel Command under President George W. Bush: "Military planning should view climate change as a threat to the balance of energy access, water supplies, and a healthy environment, and it should require a response.'

• Lt. General Lawrence Farrell, USAF (Ret.): "The planning we do that goes into organizing, training, and equipping our military considers all the risks that we may face. And one of the risks we see right now is climate change."

• Admiral John Nathman, USN (Ret.), former Commander of the U.S. Fleet Forces Command under President George W. Bush: "There are serious risks to doing nothing about climate change. We can pay now or we're going to pay a whole lot later. The U.S. has a unique opportunity to become energy independent, protect our national security and boost our economy while reducing our carbon footprint. We've been a model of success for the rest of the world in the past and now we must lead the way on climate change."

• Vice Admiral Lee Gunn, USN (Ret.): "The national security community is rightly worried about climate change because of the magnitude of its expected impacts around the globe, even in our own country ... Climate change poses a clear and present danger to the United States of America. But if we respond appropriately, I believe we will enhance our security, not simply by averting the worst climate change impacts, but by spurring a new energy revolution."
The Pentagon recognizes that our dependence on oil is problematic not only because of the threat of climate change, but also because of volatile oil prices and supply disruptions that can threaten the military's energy supply. It's Operational Energy Strategy states:
The volatility of oil prices will continue to be a budgetary challenge for the
Department, and the realities of global oil markets mean a disruption of oil
supplies is plausible and increasingly likely in the coming decades. The Services
have already taken steps to certify aircraft, ships, tactical vehicles, and support equipment to use alternative liquid fuels, a prudent insurance policy against future


Again as of January 30, 2012, I am awaiting an appropriate response, which is to state that the “illegal” funding of Hydrogen Regeneration is permanently suspended by the Dept. of Energy, and that I am being provided the necessary federal funding for the development, manufacturing and management of my proposed Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems.

In advance, I wish to thank you Mr. President Obama and Mr. Vice President Biden for your efforts towards the nationwide usage of my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems.


As no response was received, I submitted another e-mail to President Obama and Vice President Biden, titled: “ELECTION, ENERGY & ECONOMIC PROBLEMS,” on January 17, 2012, and included various comments, such as: “Chasing some reportedly 200 to 400 Taliban in Afghanistan and chasing another 600 Taliban in Pakistan with our 120,000 soldiers and “Blackwater” mercenaries will become a devastating election issue to the democrats.”

The French economist Olivier Rech researched global energy for the International Energy Agency and he stated that “at present consumption, the oil will be gone in less than 30 years.” – End. My comment: “Some oil producing countries are not renewing oil production contracts any more, and it can be expected that oil exports will be stopped altogether by any remaining oil producing countries within 15 to 20 years.”

My Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems are the ultimate and only viable energy technology and resources for the future, as I have frequently disclosed to our government since the 1960’s, but our government refused to fund my research, but now our government is illegally funding hydrogen regeneration research to universities, laboratories, and corporations on December 12, 2011, and are violating proprietary ownership laws. About two (2) years ago, the Dept. of Energy stated that “to convert from fossil fuel to a new energy resource would require Trillions of Dollars.”

Manfred --

I'm heading to Capitol Hill soon to deliver my third State of the Union address.

Before I go, I want to say thanks for everything you're doing.

Tonight, we set the tone for the year ahead. I'm going to lay out in concrete terms the path we need to take as a country if we want an economy that works for everyone and rewards hard work and responsibility.

I'm glad to know you'll be standing with me up there.


This email was sent to:

By Chris Nelder|Posted Thursday, Dec. 29, 2011, at 6:37 AM ET

Christopher Furlong/Getty Images.

The recent press about the potential of shale gas would have you believe that America is now sitting on a 100-year supply of natural gas. It's a "game-changer." A "golden age of gas" awaits, one in which the United States will be energy independent, even exporting gas to the rest of the world, upending our current energy-importing situation.

The data, however, tell a very different story. Between the demonstrable gas reserves, and the potential resources blared in the headlines, lies an enormous gulf of uncertainty.

The claim of a 100-year supply originated with a report released in April 2011 by the Potential Gas Committee, an organization of petroleum engineers and geoscientists. President and Chairman Larry Gring works with Third Day Energy LLC, a company based in Austin, Texas, that is engaged in acquiring and exploiting oil and gas properties along the Texas Gulf Coast.* Chairman of the Board Darrell Pierce is a vice president of DCP Midstream LLC, a natural-gas production, processing, and marketing company based in Denver. The report's contributors are from the industry-supported Colorado School of Mines. In short, the Potential Gas Committee report is not an impartial assessment of resources.

Its website consists of a single press release announcing the April report, with a link to a brief summary slide deck. A more detailed slide deck issued by the committee presents some optimistic estimates of potential resources, including a "future gas supply" estimate of 2,170 trillion cubic feet (tcf). At the 2010 rate of American consumption—about 24 tcf per year—that would be a 95-year supply of gas, which apparently has been rounded up to 100 years.

But what is that estimate based upon? Those details haven’t been made freely available to the public, but their summary breaks it down as follows here and in the graph below: 273 tcf are "proved reserves," meaning that it is believed to exist, and to be commercially producible at a 10 percent discount rate. That conforms with the data of the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

An additional 536.6 tcf are classified as "probable" from existing fields, meaning that they have some expectation that the gas exists in known formations, but it has not been proven to exist and is not certain to be technically recoverable. An additional 687.7 tcf is "possible" from new fields, meaning that the gas might exist in new fields that have not yet been discovered.

A further 518.3 tcf are "speculative," which means exactly that. A final 176 tcf are claimed for coalbed gas, which is gas trapped in coal formations. (Note: The PGC reports the total for probable, possible, and speculative coalbed gas as 158.6 tcf, but adding up their numbers for each category, we find the correct total is 157.7 tcf.

We haven't been able to reach the PGC to discuss the discrepancy. Adding the 18.6 tcf of proved coalbed gas reserves reported by the EIA in 2009—the most recent data it offers—to the 157.7 gives a total of 176.3 tcf for all categories of coalbed gas.

By the same logic, you can claim to be a multibillionaire, including all your "probable, possible, and speculative resources."

Assuming that the United States continues to use about 24 tcf per annum, then, only an 11-year supply of natural gas is certain. The other 89 years' worth has not yet been shown to exist or to be recoverable.

Even that comparably modest estimate of 11 years’ supply may be optimistic. Those 273 tcf are located in reserves that are undrilled, but are adjacent to drilled tracts where gas has been produced. Due to large lateral differences in the geology of shale plays, production can vary considerably from adjacent wells.

The EIA uses a different methodology to arrive at its resource calculations, offering a range of estimates. In the most optimistic, "high shale resource case," it estimates there are 1,230 tcf in the “estimated unproved technically recoverable resource base.” It also offers several production forecasts through 2035, ranging from 827 tcf in their Reference case, to 423 tcf in their Low case—one-fourth the headline number. In the Low case, which certainly could be correct, the EIA says the United States could once again become a net natural-gas importer by 2035.

One complicating factor here is recoverability, because we are never able to extract all of an oil or gas resource. For oil, a 35 percent recovery factor is considered excellent. But recovery factors for shale gas are highly variable, due to the varied geology of the source rocks. Even if we assume a very optimistic 50 percent recovery factor for the 550 tcf of probable gas (536.6 tcf from shale gas plus 13.4 tcf from coalbed gas), that would still only amount to 225 tcf, or a 10-year supply. That plus the 11-year supply of proved reserves would last the United States just 21 years, at current rates of consumption.

Natural-gas proponents aren't advocating current rates of consumption, however. They would like to see more than 2 million 18-wheelers converted to natural gas, in order to reduce our dependence on oil imports from unfriendly countries. They also advocate switching a substantial part of our power generation from coal to gas, in order to reduce carbon emissions. Were we to do those things, that 21-year supply could quickly shrink to a 10-year supply, yet those same advocates never adjust their years of supply estimates accordingly.

The truly devilish details of supply forecasts, however, rest in the production models of shale-gas operators.

Arthur Berman, a Houston-based petroleum geologist and energy sector consultant, along with petroleum engineer Lynn Pittinger, has long been skeptical of the claims about shale gas. Their detailed, independent work on the economics of shale-gas production suggests that not only are the reserves claims overstated, but that the productivity of the wells is, too.

The problems begin with the historical production data, which is limited. The Barnett Shale in Texas is the only shale formation, or "play," with a significant history. The first vertical well was drilled in 1982, but it wasn't until the advent of horizontal drilling in 2003 that production really took off. By horizontally drilling and then "fracking" the rock with a pressurized slurry of water, chemicals, and "proppants" (particulates that hold open the fractures), operators kicked off the shale-gas revolution. Drilling exploded in the Barnett from about 3,000 wells in 2003 to more than 9,000 today. Thus we have a reasonably good data set for the Barnett. Data from the Fayetteville Shale in Arkansas are also reasonably substantial, dating back to 2004 and including roughly 4,000 wells. The data on the Haynesville Shale in Louisiana are minimal, dating to late 2007 and including fewer than 2,000 wells. The historical data for the rest of the major shale-gas plays—the Marcellus, Eagle Ford, Bakken, and Woodford—along with a handful of other smaller plays, are too recent and sparse to permit accurate modeling of their production profiles.

After mathematically modeling the actual production of thousands of wells in the Barnett, Fayetteville, and Haynesville Shales, Berman found that operators had significantly exaggerated their claims. Reserves appear to be overstated by more than 100 percent.

Typically, the core 10 to 15 percent of a shale formation’s gas is commercially viable. The rest may or may not be—we don’t know at this point. Yet the industry has calculated the potentially recoverable gas as if 100 percent of the plays were equally productive.

The claimed lifetime productivity, or estimated ultimate recovery, of individual wells was also overstated, Berman found. The production decline curves modeled by well operators predict that production will fall steeply at first, followed by a long, flattened tail of production. Berman's analysis found a better fit with a model in which production falls steeply for the first 10 to 15 months, followed by an more weakly hyperbolic decline. Shale-gas wells typically pay out over one-half their total lifetime production in the first year. So operators must keep drilling continuously to maintain a flat rate of overall production.

Berman concludes that the average lifetime of a Barnett well might be as little as 12 years, instead of the 50 years claimed by operators, and the estimated ultimate recovery from individual wells might be one-half what is claimed. We will only know which models are correct after another five to 10 years for the Barnett, and more than a decade for the newer plays.

Other issues Berman identified include artificially inflating the average well productivity numbers by dropping played-out wells from their calculations; improperly including production data from restimulated wells as if it owed to the initial well completions; and intermixing data from older and newer wells without aligning the data by vintage, giving the impression of significantly higher-than-actual production overall.

Multiplying the error, operators seem to have applied their overly optimistic models of these older shale plays to newer plays, which may have radically different geological characteristics and might not be nearly as productive. For example, the lifetime output of Barnett wells may never be matched by wells in the Marcellus.

The EIA makes reference to all of these issues in its assessment of the prospects for shale gas, noting that “there is a high degree of uncertainty around the projection, starting with the estimated size of the technically recoverable shale gas resource,” and that “the estimates embody many assumptions that might prove to be untrue in the long term.” Yet none of these issues are properly accounted for in the official financial statements of the operators.

An example of how inflated initial resource claims can be, and how they can be sharply cut, presented itself in August with a new assessment of the Marcellus shale by the U.S. Geological Survey. It offered a range of estimates, from 43 tcf at 95 percent probability, to 84 tcf at 50 percent probability, to 114 tcf at 5 percent probability. (Not surprisingly, the 95 percent probable estimates have proven historically to be closest to the mark.) Only five months earlier, the EIA speculated in its Annual Energy Outlook 2011 that the Marcellus might have an "estimated technically recoverable resource base of about 400 trillion cubic feet." The USGS reassessment had slashed the estimate for the Marcellus by 80 percent. Similar adjustments may be ahead for other shale plays.

In addition to the uncertainty about shale gas resources and productivity, there are other lingering questions. For one thing, on an averaged annual basis, shale gas has been unprofitable since 2008. Wildcatters—those who explore and sink the first wells in a new location—have been taking on a great deal of debt and risk to discover the plays and produce them at a loss, in hopes that larger, well-funded players will buy them out later. It’s not clear that this gamble will ever pay off.

The other major concern, of course, is about environmental contamination from fracking operations. It seems to me that the vast majority of shale-gas operations are as environmentally benign as the rest of the oil and gas industry's operations, although some bad actors have, through negligence or outright irresponsibility, caused actual contamination. For now, though, the jury is out on the overall safety of shale gas production.

I am not anti-gas; neither is Berman. What concerns him, and me, are the overblown claims about the potential for shale gas and the poor quality of both technical and financial information about its production. We don't yet know how much of the estimated gas resources will be economically recoverable or whether the projected production rates for some wells might be off by a factor of 10. We might have a 100-year supply of gas, or we might have an 11-year supply. We might realize economic and environmental benefits by transitioning trucking and coal-fired power generation to natural gas, or we might do so only to find ourselves out on a limb far more economically dangerous than the current peak and impending decline of world oil supply. We simply don't know, and we may not know for years to come.

This article arises from Future Tense, a collaboration among Arizona State University, the New America Foundation, and Slate. Future Tense explores the ways emerging technologies affect society, policy, and culture. To read more, visit the Future Tense blog and the Future Tense home page. You can also follow us on Twitter.
Chris Nelder, the co-author of Profit From the Peak and Investing in Renewable Energy, is an energy analyst and journalist. He blogs at and can be found at @nelderini on Twitter. END

Any other energy resources are insignificant to meet future global energy demands and needs. Ocean waters contain 11% Hydrogen, and the Hydrogen is processed and then used within my closed loop regeneration systems for most hydrogen energy regeneration applications and are installed inside cars, trucks, trains, ships, buses, electric power plants, chemical plants, manufacturing plants, schools, hospitals, buildings and houses, et cetera. Hydrogen can be regenerated and reprocessed numerous times within a closed loop chemical reaction process system. Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems can develop a new era in human history and a new era for future generations.


The United States only has 7 years left of their domestic oil supplies at current production rates.

The United States consumes 18.7 million barrels of oil a day.

The United States produces 9 million barrels of oil a day. (Exhaustion in 2019)

The United States imports 9.7 million barrels of oil a day.

Between the years 2015 and 2019 the United States needs to find an additional 9 to 11.3 million barrels of oil a day to maintain their current oil based economy.

Only Iran and Russia have the oil reserves that the United States needs after 2019.

65% of European countries deplete their oil reserves by 2020.

85% of European countries deplete their oil reserves by 2030.

By the year 2030 the oil civilization we enjoy today will be over based on current worldwide oil reservoir depletion.

Worldwide Peak oil was reached in June 2006.

Arnold Vinette
Ottawa, Canada

Olivier Rech, a French economist researched global energy for the IEA and he stated that global oil supplies are around 900 billion barrels, and at present consumption, the oil will be gone in less than 30 years. END - Some oil producing countries are not renewing oil production contracts any more, and it can be expected that oil exports will be stopped altogether by any remaining oil producing countries within 15 to 20 years. The Oil Producing Countries will soon be facing energy problems as well.

President Obama and Vice President Biden on December 27, 2011 were e-mailed respective copies to White House departments on Economy, Energy, Environment, Homeland Security, Science and Technology, Transportation, The Administration, and Help with a Federal Agency, and contained: “The U.S. government and the Dept. of Energy do not own my research of hydrogen energy and hydrogen energy regeneration processes and systems, because I consistently requested research and development funding from the government. The federal funding of my disclosed hydrogen energy and regeneration processes and systems by the government and Dept. of Energy to universities, laboratories, companies and corporations without my approval is clearly illegal, amounts to stealing my research and to bypass my legal ownership rights and intellectual property rights.”

“It becomes obvious that we need to reverse our present course and we need to focus upon solutions and worthwhile technological research and development that will bring about a speedy reversal toward a promising future for the population of the United States and for this planet.” “My comprehensive listing of products will generate huge economic benefits and progress for the United States, as I have previously disclosed to President Clinton in September, 1996, please see”

“Thank you for reading my proposed energy and global climate change solutions, and I kindly request an answer and the necessary and appropriate federal funding again.”

By Michael Werz, Laura Conley, Center for American Progress |January 3, 2012

The costs and consequences of climate change on our world will define the 21st century. Even if nations across our planet were to take immediate steps to rein in carbon emissions—an unlikely prospect—a warmer climate is inevitable. As the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC, noted in 2007, human-created “warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice and rising global average sea level.” – End (2011 Climate Damages – USA $52 Billion, WORLD $380 Billion)

As these ill effects progress they will have serious implications for U.S. national security interests as well as global stability—extending from the sustainability of coastal military installations to the stability of nations that lack the resources, good governance, and resiliency needed to respond to the many adverse consequences of climate change. And as these effects accelerate, the stress will impact human migration and conflict around the world. The growing evidence of links between climate change, migration, and conflicts raise plenty of reasons for concern.

Climate change also poses distinct challenges to U.S. national security. Recent intelligence reports and war games, including some conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense, conclude that over the next two or three decades, vulnerable regions (particularly sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia) will face the prospect of food shortages, water crises, and catastrophic flooding driven by climate change.

Yahoo news reports that Russian scientists have discovered “hundreds of plumes of methane gas, some 1,000 meters in diameter (3281 feet in diameter), bubbling to the surface of the Arctic Ocean.” Igor Semiletov of the Russian Academy of Sciences told the UK Independent that thousands more of these giant gurgling methane pots could be lurking in the ice between the Russian mainland and the East Siberian Arctic Shelf. - END

As the global climate changes, one of the clearest manifestations of the change is in the disappearance or shrinking of the glaciers in the Himalayan mountain range. These glaciers provide fresh water to 40 percent (about 2.8 billion people) of the Earth's population and their disappearance could be devastating. In the last 30 years, glaciers in the Himalayas have shrunk by as much as 20 percent, according to the latest research.

South American glaciers that provide critical drinking water are retreating faster than expected, and meltwater discharge is also decreasing.
This means that the millions of people in the region who depend on the water for electricity, agriculture and drinking water could soon face serious problems because of reduced water supplies, according to a team of researchers who have closely monitored the glaciers in the northern Andes.

The glaciers in Peru’s Cordillera Blanca are shrinking about 1 percent per year, and that percentage is increasing steadily, according to McGill University doctoral student Michel Baraer. They are currently shrinking by about one per cent a year, and that percentage is increasing steadily, according to his calculations.

As a result, the volume of water discharging from the glaciers into the Rio Santa in Northern Peru could drop by as much as 30 percent during the dry season.

“Where scientists once believed that they had 10 to 20 years to adapt to reduced runoff, that time is now up,” said Baraer. “For almost all the watersheds we have studied, we have good evidence that we have passed peak water.” END

The world’s human population is spewing nearly 1.5 times the amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than it did 20 years ago, according to new data released in conjunction with the U.N. Climate Conference in Durban, Africa.

And with little apparent chance of an international agreement emerging to significantly curb the pollution, experts fear dangerous climate change is now almost certain. The report predicts that greenhouse gas emissions are likely to continue increasing at a rate of about 3 percent per year. – END

Present global carbon dioxide emissions are at 391 parts per million (ppm), then 3 percent (2.3ppm) per year would generate an additional 30% in 10 years, and would amount to a total of 414 parts per million by 2021. With a nominal acceleration of carbon dioxide, it is possible that carbon dioxide emissions and methane from human emissions, melting tundra, permafrost and melting of frozen methane on the ocean floor can reach 440 ppm in 2031. We have serious problems, unless measures are taken to contain and/or reduce carbon dioxide and methane emissions. For additional climate and energy research information please see my website:

Greenland was ice-free a long time ago when carbon dioxide reached 400 ppm (about 450,000 years ago) therefore it can be assumed that when or if our planet reaches about 414 ppm between 2021 and 2025, then we would have a most severe and runaway global climate catastrophe in progress. This becomes a logical conclusion with the induced rise in global temperatures, but this needs to be researched further.

Recent discoveries have confirmed scientists’ longstanding fears that global warming would catalyze the release of millions of tons of potential greenhouse gas emissions locked up in ice and permafrost in the great white north.
Layer after layer of plant debris that has not yet decomposed lies trapped in arctic and subarctic permafrost. As global temperatures rise and this perennial ice begins to melt, previously frozen organic matter will thaw out and decompose, releasing huge quantities of greenhouse gases into our already saturated atmosphere

This may not seem like such an earth-shattering phenomenon, but scientists are deeply troubled since there’s a strong chance that methane (CH4) will be released – as it does in anaerobic wetland conditions – which does not bode well for planetary warming since it is 21 times more effective at trapping heat than carbon dioxide (CO2).

Nearly 1/4 of the northern hemisphere is underlain by permafrost that contains twice as much carbon as the entire atmosphere, wrote The New York Times. This amounts to nearly 2 trillion tons of carbon in soils of the northern regions, 88 percent of which is “locked in permafrost,” according to Canadian scientist Charles Tarnocai and colleagues.

The New York Times reports:
But those calculations were deliberately cautious. A recent survey drew on the expertise of 41 permafrost scientists to offer more informal projections. They estimated that if human fossil-fuel burning remained high and the planet warmed sharply, the gases from permafrost could eventually equal 35 percent of today’s annual human emissions.

Meanwhile, Yahoo news reports that Russian scientists have discovered “hundreds of plumes of methane gas, some 1,000 meters in diameter (3281 feet in diameter), bubbling to the surface of the Arctic Ocean.” Igor Semiletov of the Russian Academy of Sciences told the UK Independent that thousands more of these giant gurgling methane pots could be lurking in the ice between the Russian mainland and the East Siberian Arctic Shelf.

Having more heat-trapping greenhouse gases in our atmosphere will exacerbate many of the climate change problems we are already beginning to face, include rising temperatures, biodiversity loss, drought and famine, water scarcity, and an upsurge in the expense and intensity of certain natural disasters.

But here’s the good news: if we can scale back human-caused carbon emissions and therefore reduce the rate at which the planet is heating up, most researchers believe we can slow down the rate at which this methane will be released into the atmosphere.

New York Times, Yahoo News
The US military has been looking into peak oil for a number of years and warned in a 2010 Joint Forces Command report that "By 2012, surplus oil production capacity could entirely disappear, and as early as 2015, the shortfall in output could reach nearly 10 million barrels per day." (US Energy Info. Administration – 2010 oil consumption was 19.14 million barrels/day – 2015 the oil shortfall of 10 million barrels per day means a reduction to 9.14 million barrels per day.)

Published 20 December, 2011 01:36:00 Here & Now

The Main Rongbuk Glacier, pictured in 1921, has been steadily losing ice and snow until the glacier is now barely more than a stream of ice down the valley.

As the global climate changes, one of the clearest manifestations of the change is in the disappearance or shrinking of the glaciers in the Himalayan mountain range. These glaciers provide fresh water to 40 percent (about 2.8 billion people) of the Earth's population and their disappearance could be devastating. In the last 30 years, glaciers in the Himalayas have shrunk by as much as 20 percent, according to the latest research.

The International Center for Integrated Mountain Development, based in Nepal, drew that conclusion after conducting what is believed to be the most comprehensive study ever of Himalayan ice melting. The findings concern David Breashears, a mountaineer, filmmaker, and executive director and founder of the non-profit Glacierworks.

"These glaciers provide the first pulse of fresh, pure water into big river systems...either in the Himalayan Range or on the Tibetan Plateau. The water that these glaciers provide runs into people's fields, it's people's drinking water, it's water used for industry," Breashears said.
And those river systems provide the primary clean water supply for almost 40 percent (about 2.8 billion people) of the Earth's population, spread between China, India, Pakistan and several other, smaller countries in the area.

Breashears recently completed an expedition to the Himalayas, where he brought along old photographs taken by some of the earliest climbers in the region.

"The glacier I was looking at was unfamiliar to the glacier in the old photograph," he said. "It was complete devastation. Lakes were forming on it. It had melted vertically over the height of a 30-35 story building."

Breashears said he was shocked to see lakes, large ones, formed on top of what had once been rivers of ice. He's taken new photographs, matched them with the old ones and he's taken them on exhibition to show just how the world is changing. "It's irrefutable," he said.

Posted on December 21, 2011 by Bob Berwyn

Alpamayo, in Peru's Cordillera Blanca.
Not much time left to adapt to reduced runoff, scientists warn

By Summit Voice

SUMMIT COUNTY — South American glaciers that provide critical drinking water are retreating faster than expected, and meltwater discharge is also decreasing.

This means that the millions of people in the region who depend on the water for electricity, agriculture and drinking water could soon face serious problems because of reduced water supplies, according to a team of researchers who have closely monitoring the glaciers in the northern Andes.

The glaciers in Peru’s Cordillera Blanca are shrinking about 1 percent per year, and that percentage is increasing steadily, according to McGill University doctoral student Michel Baraer. They are currently shrinking by about one per cent a year, and that percentage is increasing steadily, according to his calculations.

“When a glacier starts to retreat, at some point you reach a plateau and from this point onwards, you have a decrease in the discharge of melt water from the glacier,” said Baraer.

As a result, the volume of water discharging from the glaciers into the Rio Santa in Northern Peru could drop by as much as 30 percent during the dry season.

“Where scientists once believed that they had 10 to 20 years to adapt to reduced runoff, that time is now up,” said Baraer. “For almost all the watersheds we have studied, we have good evidence that we have passed peak water.”


The global industrialization era was created primarily from oil, coal, natural gas, hydro power, nuclear power and with human ingenuity. Naturally, the fossil fuel corporations, energy organizations, industries, governments and countries want to continue this industrial evolution, but unfortunately the energy resources are being consumed and depleted by the growing world population at a fast pace.

When the global energy resources are consumed or become scarce and depleted, then the costs of all sustainable goods, food and products become expensive or ultimately unavailable to the public, and most energy companies and energy organizations also cease to exist. Unfortunately, this is inevitable and only a matter of time, unless a new energy resource replaces depleting fossil fuel.

But with human ingenuity, our survival instinct and with technological evolution, we can survive when we recognize and understand our survival vulnerabilities that the human race is facing. This means that technology and adequate financial support has to be applied into lasting energy and into natural resources that remain in abundance and are readily available worldwide.

Hydrogen gas can be processed from the oceans which contain 11% hydrogen. Then the hydrogen can be regenerated multiple times in closed loop chemical reaction processes and systems which are installed in cars, trucks, transportation systems and electric power plants. Depending upon the type of various hydrogen energy chemical reaction components and elements, hydrogen can be regenerated many times over for specific purposes such as for desired continuous long time span usage, travel distance, and/or heavy torque power output applications.

Hydrogen energy regeneration processes and systems can supply adequate energy for cars, trucks, transportation and most energy applications for the global population and for several centuries. The use of hydrogen will significantly reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and pollutants that cause global climate changes, particularly when hydrogen regeneration processes and systems are used instead of fossil fuel and from coal in electric power plants. The processed ocean water is potable (drinkable) and can be used for agriculture and food production.

The carbon dioxide that is captured from the use of coal or coke to produce metals and steel in steel mills and foundries can be converted into useful fertilizers for agriculture worldwide and to grow food and trees in semi-desert regions.

Esthetic, elegant and complete vacuum chamber concrete panel home construction for housing, stores, factories, offices and all types of buildings will reduce energy consumption, would reduce maintenance costs, would last much longer than wood construction and could eliminate the destruction of forests worldwide.

The destruction and consumption of forests for wood products and for building houses is alarming. Forests are extremely important for absorbing carbon dioxide and for producing oxygen. New and efficient types of cement plants and lime plants will reduce energy consumption, and reduce carbon dioxide, mercury emissions and other pollutants which contribute to global climate changes.

To change over to new industries globally would require substantial amounts of money and a number of years in a sagging global economy. All these products are most important for energy efficiency and to control carbon dioxide emissions and the damaging effects of global climate changes.

The present Conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change in Durban, South Africa is again being subjected to dissention and ridicule by several oil producing and coal consuming countries and the news media. The United States is dragging down the entire climate change process, putting 20 years of progress at risk and committing the world to a terrifying two-degree increase in global temperature, the Climate Action Network said at their daily COP17 media briefing. The negligence and consequences can generate substantial global starvation. As fossil fuel becomes consumed and scarce without having a substitute energy resource in place for replacement of fossil fuel, then obviously an economic collapse is eminent. Global starvation is possible when governments are controlled by corporations and industries which do not make responsible economic decisions or future economic planning for the national economy. Wars in the Mid-East over oil will not produce total USA control over the oil fields, and as a result the overall supply of oil only becomes more limited, scarce and costly to the American public.

Severe climate caused by global warming forces food prices up putting the world's poorest people at risk, warns Oxfam. The warning comes in the wake of people in the drought-hit Horn of Africa and Afghanistan facing food shortages due to sky- rocketing prices of wheat, sorghum and maize.

Oxfam said soaring prices threatened food security, and pushed poor people into hunger and poverty, since they require a larger proportion of their income on feeding themselves and their families.

Extreme weather conditions such as the 2010 drought, heat wave and fires in Russia pushed global grain prices by up to 85 per cent, and this year's monsoon floods in South East Asia increased the price of rice by between 19 per cent and 30 per cent in Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand.

"From the Horn of Africa and South East Asia to Russia and Afghanistan, a year of floods, droughts and extreme heat has helped push tens of millions of people into hunger and poverty," Kelly Dent, of Oxfam, said.

"This will only get worse as climate change gathers pace and agriculture feels the heat. Governments must act now in Durban to protect our food supply and save millions from slipping into hunger and poverty," she added.

Oxfam also called on Durban climate talk participants to ratify a legally-binding climate change deal and said governments must take measures to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to counter global warming.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report had earlier said global warming impacts were already being experienced through rising temperatures. Crop yields are declining in most parts of the world.
The 2011drought in Mexico is worst in 70 years. About 1.7 million cattle have died of starvation and thirst and the Mexican government is trucking water to 1,500 villages and is sending food to poor farmers who have lost all their crops across the nation. Scarce rainfall has dried up drinking water to 2.5 million people. Texas has endured the driest year on record in the last 116 years, and crop and livestock losses amounted to $5.2 billion. This has become very serious to the economy of the USA, and cannot simply be ignored much longer.

Denis Tegg - Wednesday, December 7, 2011 (Condensed)

The International Energy Agency has again warned that the high oil price could strangle hopes for a global economic recovery. It also says that 90% of future growth in oil production has to come from the Mid-East, mostly from Saudi Arabia. Without a $100 billion annual investment in that region, oil prices will exceed $150 a barrel. But Saudi Arabia has just announced it is halting its $100 billion oil expansion program? This does not compute. The oil price is strangling economic “recovery.”

The IEA's Fatih Birol said the world economy was in a more fragile state now than during the crisis of 2008-2009. 2011 has been a record year for oil with Brent crude at its highest-ever average above $110 per barrel. This is the highest annual oil price since 1864, during the American Civil War.

Birol said Europe was especially at risk from the high oil price, but that it could also turn into a major problem for energy-hungry Asia. "It is a major risk for the slowdown of the economic growth in Asian countries which were the countries which brought us out of the financial crisis in 2008," said Birol. With New Zealand so reliant on China, and the rest of Asia, the implications for us are huge.


The immediate future of oil production is seen as one of adequate investment. The IEA says that the Middle East and North Africa will need at least $100 billion a year in new investment for the foreseeable future even in a place where oil is still cheap to exploit. The problem, however, is that the rising expectations of Arab Spring is rapidly shifting oil revenues from investment in more oil production to the kinds of social spending that will keep people happy and out of the streets.

In the closest the IEA comes to predicting peak oil, Birol says that without major increases in investment (an increasingly unlikely occurrence), Middle Eastern oil production will fall sharply leading to oil prices in excess of $150 a barrel - until of course demand slumps from the high prices.

Meanwhile in the same week as the IEA was stating 90% of future oil production must come from the Mid-East, Saudi Arabia announced that it is halting its $100bn oil expansion programme, claiming that the requirement for the kingdom to increase production has "substantially reduced" in the face of emerging new oil and gas supplies.

"Has the Kingdom already reached peak production capacity as it struggles to replace depleting supplies? Is this a case of budgetary priorities shifting as Saudi moves spending to social programmes to avoid contagion of unrest from neighbouring countries? "

Who is wrong? My pick is that Saudi Arabia is the emperor with no clothes, or in this case with no extra oil to pump. It cannot yet admit that it is close to its maximum production capacity, and is using the much hyped development of unconventional oil in the US and Canada as a convenient excuse .

But if the Saudi production stalls out at present levels, while the IEA warns we rely on them and other Mid East producers for 90% of future production then obviously something does not compute.

The only realistic conclusion is that oil prices will stay high and move even higher until the global economy falls back into recession or even depression and chokes off demand. And a recession/depression could be coming to an economy near you, sooner than you imagine.

December 8, 2011 at 01:59pm
Doha - The world will one day run out of oil, but that is of little concern to delegates at the World Petroleum Congress in Doha whose eyes are fixed on more crude discoveries and advances to prolong supplies.

“To tell someone that he's going to die is not a prediction, it's a tautology. What he wants to know is when and how,” Nasser al-Jaidah, chief executive of Qatar Petroleum International, said at the Congress.

According to calculations, the world's proven oil reserves based on BP figures were 1,383 billion barrels in late 2010, and the world burned 31.9 billion last year, meaning the taps should run dry by 2053.

But drawing such a conclusion would be naive based on experience, with the same calculation in the year 2000 indicating that oil depletion would occur in 2040.

Once known reserves have gone, companies expect to be able to draw more oil from untouched parts of the globe including the Arctic, deep waters off Brazil, the Gulf of Mexico, Gulf of Guinea, East Africa and the sands of Canada.

“You have to remember that huge parts of the world haven't been explored yet. Even in countries like Iran or Saudi Arabia,” said Noe Van Hulst, the secretary general of the International Energy Forum.

In addition, the industry only knows at present how to extract 35 percent of a reservoir, but that could change with technological breakthroughs, he said. “Every percent more, that's two years of consumption.”


Before venturing to calculate a date for depletion, oil experts, industrialists and environmentalists are looking at the “peak oil” as the time when oil production will climax.

Abdullah El-Badri, the head of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries, said this was still a long way away. “Peak oil will come, but I don't see it in the foreseeable future,” he said at the Congress.

In Doha, Total's chief executive Christophe de Margerie said the French energy giant expects crude oil production to peak at 95 million barrels per day during the 2020s, compared with 82 million last year. After that remains a “question mark,” he conceded, while expressing optimism.

“We have plenty of resources. The problem is not with resources, it is how to extract them, in an acceptable manner,” he said.

But as companies search deeper into areas that are increasingly inhospitable, using a technology that is getting more sophisticated, the cost of production shoots up. “It's the end of cheap oil,” admitted de Margerie.

Claude Landil, former director of the International Energy Agency (IEA), said that instead of “peak oil,” people should be talking about “peak money.” “We have oil, we have gas, but we no longer have the money to get them,” said the Paris-based expert.

The IEA, the energy arm of developed countries, said necessary investments to meet demand for energy from now until 2035 amount to 38,000 Billion Dollars ($38 Trillion) or (27,700 billion euros (27.7 Trillion euros).

In other words $1,500 billion ($1.5 Trilllion) each year, or 2.5 percent of global wealth. But supply is not the only problem.

Driven by developing giants like China, India, Brazil, demand is expected to exceed 99 million barrels per day in 2035, according to the agency.



At the May 2, 2006 Center for Strategic & International Studies Forum in
Washington, D.C., the Petroleum & Minerals Minister Ali Ibrahim al Naimi
of Saudi Arabia stated: "I believe there are at least 14 trillion barrels of
reserves left, 7 trillion of which are conventional, with advancing
technology, we'll produce more of it." Strangely, CERA and the news
media did not find 14 Trillion Barrels of Oil of any importance!!

Holding hands by Bush with the king of Saudi Arabia proved to be an
empty handed gesture. Our esteemed oilmen Bush and Cheney should be
sent to Saudi Arabia to purchase at least 2 3 Trillion Barrels of Oil, and oilmen Bush and Cheney should not return without at least a meager contract of 1 2 Trillion Barrels of Oil.

The world was told 5.5 years ago of the existence of 14 Trillion Barrels of Oil by Saudi Arabia, but now Saudi Arabia on Dec. 7, 2011 has cancelled their promised investment of $100 billion for oil output expansion and production.

The Saga of promises and excuses, and more excuses and promises of existing world oil supplies of which the entire human race is so dependent upon for survival, becomes elusive without any valid evidence to support these claims. But now the world is finding out that the oil is supposedly located in inhospitable regions and because of difficult economic conditions oil investments become unlikely, while most countries are truly nervous about future Mid-East oil supply.

Our Oil Companies demand to drill anywhere in the continental United States, while the federal government lists 3,500 wells “temporarily abandoned,” and oil companies keep the wells in limbo indefinitely and appear to claim temporary abandoned wells as “assets.” Regulations for temporarily abandoned wells require oil companies to reuse or permanently plug such wells within a year, but these regulations are routinely disregarded and more than 1,000 wells have lingered unfinished for more than a decade. British Petroleum alone has abandoned about 600 wells in the Gulf of Mexico according to government data.

The corporations are plundering this country continuously and our government allows this to happen and encourages the plundering with even more tax breaks for the corporations.


Dr. Sadad al-Husseini met with CG and EconOff on November 20, (2007) to discuss current trends in the international energy market, as well as his thoughts on the Saudi energy sector. Al-Husseini served as Executive Vice President for Exploration and Production from 1992 until his retirement in 2004. He also served as a member of the Aramco Board of Directors from 1996 to retirement.

In a December 1 (2007) presentation at an Aramco Drilling Symposium, Abdallah al-Saif, current Aramco Senior Vice President for Exploration and Production, reported that Aramco has 716 billion barrels (bbls) of total reserves, of which 51 percent are recoverable. He then offered the promising forecast - based on historical trends - that in 20 years, Aramco will have over 900 billion barrels of total reserves, and future technology will allow for 70 percent recovery.

Al-Husseini disagrees with this analysis, as he believes that Aramco's reserves are overstated by as much as 300 billion bbls of "speculative resources." He instead focuses on original proven reserves, oil that has already been produced or which is available for exploitation based on current technology. All parties estimate this amount to be approximately 360 billion bbls. In al-Husseini's view, once 50 percent depletion of original proven reserves has been reached and the 180 billion bbls threshold crossed, a slow but steady output decline will ensue and no amount of effort will be able to stop it. By al-Husseini's calculations, approximately 116 billion barrels of oil have been produced by Saudi Arabia, meaning only 64 billion barrels remain before reaching this crucial point of inflection. At 12 million b/d production, this inflection point will arrive in 14 years.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has estimated global depletion rates at 4 percent, while a 2006 Aramco statement has estimated Saudi Arabia's overall depletion rate at 2 percent. Al-Husseini estimates that moving forward, satisfying increases in global demand will require bringing online annually at least 6 million b/d of worldwide output, 2 million to satisfy increased demand and 4 million to compensate for declining production in existing fields.

The second issue that will limit any proposed Aramco output expansion can be broadly defined as a lack of supporting resources. For example, in al-Husseini's estimation, it is not the amount of oil available that will prevent Aramco from reaching 12.5 million b/d by 2009, but rather issues such as a lack of available skilled engineers, a shortage of experienced construction companies, insufficient refining capacity, underdeveloped industrial infrastructure, and a need for production management (if too much oil is extracted from a well without proper planning and technique, a well's potential output will be significantly damaged). As previously reported by post (Reftel), the Eastern Province economy is facing severe industrial expansion limits, and despite Aramco's willingness to invest up to 50 billion USD to achieve the 2009 goal, availability of labor, materials and housing may end up as determinative factors.

Considering the rapidly growing global demand for energy - led by China, India and internal growth in oil-exporting countries - and in light of the above mentioned constraints on expanding current capacity, al-Husseini believes that the recent oil price increases are not market distortions but instead reflect the underlying reality that demand has met supply (global energy supply having remained relatively stagnant over the past years at approximately 85 million barrels/day). He estimates that the current floor price of oil, removing all geopolitical instability and financial speculation, is approximately 70 - 75 USD/barrel. Due to the longer-term constraints on expanding global output, al-Husseini judges that demand will continue to outpace supply and that for every million b/d shortfall that exists between demand and supply, the floor price of oil will increase 12 USD. Al-Husseini added that new oil discoveries are insufficient relative to the decline of the super-fields, such as Ghawar, that have long been the lynchpin of the global market.

COMMENT: While al-Husseini believes that Saudi officials overstate capabilities in the interest of spurring foreign investment, he is also critical of international expectations. He stated that the IEA's expectation that Saudi Arabia and the Middle East will lead the market in reaching global output levels of over 100 million barrels/day is unrealistic, and it is incumbent upon political leaders to begin understanding and preparing for this "inconvenient truth." Al-Husseini was clear to add that he does not view himself as part of the "peak oil camp," and does not agree with analysts such as Matthew Simmons. He considers himself optimistic about the future of energy, but pragmatic with regards to what resources are available and what level of production is possible. While he fundamentally contradicts the Aramco company line, al-Husseini is no doomsday theorist. His pedigree, experience and outlook demand that his predictions be thoughtfully considered. END COMMENT.

(U) Dr. Sadad Ibrahim al-Husseini was born in Syria but raised in Saudi Arabia, his father a Saudi government official. He received a BS in Geology from the American University of Beirut in 1968, as well as an MS and Ph.D. in geological sciences from Brown University in 1970 and 1972, respectively. Al-Husseini also attended a Professional Management Program at Harvard Business School in 1982.

RIYADH 00002441 003 OF 003 12.5 MBD IN 2009
Joining Aramco in 1972, al-Husseini quickly advanced, becoming Senior Vice President for Exploration and Production in 1986. He was given the title Executive Vice President in 1992. Al-Husseini served on Aramco's Management Committee from 1986 until 2004, and sat on the Aramco Board of Directors from 1996 - 2004. He retired on March 1, 2004.

Elizabeth Groppe | DECEMBER 12, 2011 (CONDENSED)

We are here in Panama,” stated Naderev Sano, “to tell the world that climate change is a matter of life and death for the Philippines.” Sano is commissioner of the Filipino Climate Change Commission, and he spoke these words at a meeting held in preparation for the UN meeting on climate change, which opened in Durban, South Africa on November 28.

The world’s most prestigious scientific bodies are in agreement that global warming is a reality caused primarily by human beings and that its consequences on our economy and environment will be far-reaching. In the short term, climate change will bring an increase in extreme weather events that threaten human populations and agricultural production. In the long term, the very viability of human civilization is at stake.

The climate is changing because of the “greenhouse effect,” a phenomenon by which heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere retain the infrared radiation reflected when the sun’s rays touch the earth’s surface. Were it not for some level of atmospheric greenhouse gas, the planet would be too cold to support life as we know it. But our combustion of fossil fuels, our razing of forests and our agricultural practices have elevated the atmospheric concentrations of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Prior to the industrial revolution, atmospheric carbon dioxide was 280 parts per million (ppm). Today it is 391 ppm and rising by about 2 ppm each year. Between 1900 and 2009, the global average surface temperature rose 1.3 degrees Fahrenheit. From 3/2011 to 3/2012 CO2 emissions increased to 394.45 ppm according to NOAA.

This may sound negligible. But the global climate is a very complex reality in which a small change in average temperature has ripple effects on ocean currents, precipitation patterns and other climate systems. An apparently small temperature increase is already destabilizing the energy balance of the climate and is spawning adverse changes to human beings and other species. Impacts can be seen in many areas, including the following:

Agriculture - Plants are very sensitive to changes in temperature and precipitation patterns. Between 1980 and 2008, rising temperatures reduced total global wheat production by 5.5 percent. According to a study published by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, every 1.8 degree Fahrenheit rise in average temperature will reduce the global yields of wheat, rice and corn by an additional 10 percent. Some regions will be affected more severely than others. Rajendra Pachauri, chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), projects that as early as 2020 grain yields in some African countries could be reduced by as much as 50 percent.

Water - Around the world, sources of the fresh water for life are diminishing. Last May, a working group commissioned by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences published a report on the retreat of the world’s mountain glaciers. The water flowing gradually from these majestic ice formations sustains rivers that bring life to valley ecosystems and human communities. But the European Alps have already lost 50 percent of their glacial mass, and thousands of small glaciers in the Himalayan-Tibetan region are disintegrating. In Asia alone, over one billion people are in danger of losing their primary source of life-giving water.

Sea Level Rise - Melting glaciers and thermal expansion of ocean waters are contributing to a sea level rise already documented by scientists. According to one estimate, over the course of this century we can expect a rise of 3 to 6 feet. At just three feet, 50 percent of the rice fields in Bangladesh would be submerged. Portions of major coastal cities including New Orleans, Tampa and Miami would be inundated.

Ocean Decline - The oceans absorb more than 25 percent of the carbon we emit through the combustion of fossil fuels — and in so doing they become more acidic. This is contributing to the decline of the coral reefs that provide habitat for a diverse array of exquisite sea creatures, including fish that are a source of protein for nearly one billion people. The warming of ocean waters has also been linked to a decline in the population of phytoplankton. These microscopic creatures produce oxygen, remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and form the base of the entire marine food web that supports krill, whales and fish.

Extreme Weather Events - There has been a marked increase in floods, droughts and other extreme weather events related to climate change. MIT scientist Kerry Emanuel, for example, has correlated rising sea surface temperature with an increase in the intensity and duration of hurricanes. Heat is a form of energy, and the warming of ocean waters increases the energy convection of storm systems.

Mass Extinctions - Species already suffering from habitat loss in a world dominated by humanity may not be able to adapt to a rapidly changing climate. A report published in Nature in 2004 concluded that a climate warming in the mid-range of current projections will by the year 2050 lead to the extinction of 15-37 percent of the species examined in the study. Biodiversity is essential to ecosystem resilience.

The global climate, however, cannot be so easily moderated. The carbon dioxide we have already added to the atmosphere and oceans will impact the earth for at least 1,000 years. Moreover, the climate is not a simple mechanical system, but a complex reality with many interlocking, non-linear relationships.

This complexity includes phenomena known by climate scientists as “positive- feedbacks” -- processes that take a small change in temperature and amplify it with exponential effect. Consider, for example, the melting Arctic ice caps. These enormous white crests deflect solar radiation back into space, just as white clothing protects us from summer heat. As the ice caps melt, exposed dark sea water absorbs solar warmth. This elevates the temperature of the ocean water, which increases the melting of the ice caps, which decreases the polar deflection of solar radiation, and on it goes.

This kind of feedback process is also evident in the decline of the world’s forests. Forests absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and play an essential role in regulating global climate. Across the globe, the forests are dying. The underlying cause appears to be stress caused by rising temperatures and altered precipitation patterns. When trees die, they cease the photosynthesis that removes carbon from the atmosphere and as they decompose, they release the carbon they have absorbed. This intensifies global warming, which increases the stress to forests, which kills more trees, which release more carbon, and so forth.

Thawing Tundras are another example of “positive-feedback.” In Siberia, an enormous expanse of frozen tundra is beginning to thaw. The tundra holds an estimated 70 billion tons of carbon, much of which would be released as methane, a gas 25 times more powerful in its heat-trapping effect than carbon dioxide.

These positive-feedbacks are one reason that climate change is progressing more rapidly than projected by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The rate of sea ice melt in the Arctic, for example, is thirty years ahead of a projection made by the IPCC in 2007. Using both current observable reality and data from paleoclimate studies, an international group of scientists has recommended carbon levels that could preserve a climate hospitable to life. Johan Rockström and coauthors conclude in “A Safe Operating Space for Humanity” that a safe level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is no more than 350 ppm.

Atmospheric carbon dioxide is already at 391 ppm and rising 2 ppm each year. If we are to have at least a fighting chance of returning carbon dioxide levels to 350 ppm, the global community must work with unprecedented cooperation to transform our sprawling fossil-fuel global economy to a network of efficient regional economies powered by non-carbon sources of energy. We must preserve surviving forests and replant denuded lands; replace agricultural practices that release methane and carbon into the atmosphere with practices that restore soils and sequester carbon; and intensify research and development of other means of removing carbon from the atmosphere.

The urgency of the transition to a new form of human civilization cannot be overstated. The warming generated by our own greenhouse gas emissions and accelerated by nonlinear feedback processes is pushing us ever closer to what scientists call “runaway climate change.” This ultimately could elevate atmospheric greenhouse gases to the level of the Cenozoic Era (65 million years B.C.) when the planet was ice-free and homo sapiens did not exist. “We are interfering,” concludes science writer Fred Pearce, “with the fundamental processes that make Earth habitable.” A 2007-08 UN Human Development Report concluded, “There is now overwhelming scientific evidence that the world is moving towards the point at which irreversible ecological catastrophe becomes unavoidable...There is a window of opportunity for avoiding the most damaging climate change impacts, but that window is closing.”

Climate change does not entail an intentional act that ends the life of another human being. It is the unintentional outcome of the industrial and agricultural processes that have accompanied our economic development. As early as 1979, however, scientists testified to Congress of the possible consequences of climate change, and our inaction is already taking the lives of vulnerable human beings. In 2009, a study conducted by the Global Humanitarian Forum found that climate change was already responsible for 300,000 deaths a year, the suffering of 325 million people, and economic losses of over $100 billion. Over 90 percent of those persons most severely affected were from developing countries that have contributed least to global carbon emissions.

In the coming decades, climate change can bring deadly famine, displacement and disease to large sectors of the human population and spawn mass extinctions of other species. In the long term, the climate could change so radically that the earth could no longer support human civilization. In this sense, caring for the climate and the biosphere is a paramount pro-life issue.

Pope Benedict XVI lamented the failure of the international community to take appropriate action on climate change at the Copenhagen Climate Conference in 2009. In the United States, the Catholic Coalition on Climate Change supported by the bishops’ conference and other Catholic bodies is leading multiple initiatives, including the Catholic Climate Covenant. Participants in this covenant pledge in the spirit of St. Francis to educate themselves, pray, change their own energy-intensive patterns of living and lobby for policies that will address the climate crisis. These essential initiatives can be strengthened by recognizing climate change as a life issue that merits our attention. We should also pursue new pro-life initiatives specific to the climate crisis, such as legal action to hold our government accountable for its repeated failure to protect the earth for generations unborn.

Elizabeth Groppe is associate professor of theology at Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio. Daniel R. DiLeo, a graduate student at the School of Theology and Ministry at Boston College, contributed to this article.

NASA: Climate Changes Coming
Faster Than We Thought
By Kimberly Ayers December 6, 2011 | 4:38 PM

“If we burn all the fossil fuels, we would send the planet back to an ice-free state.” — James Hansen, NASA
A new investigation of the ancient climate record shows that time to stop climate change is running out — maybe sooner than scientists had thought.

That’s the message from an international team of scientists reporting today at the American Geophysical Union annual meeting in San Francisco (#AGU11 on Twitter).

James Hansen is director of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York, and was one of the scientists on the study. He says that even the accepted benchmark of a 2-degree Celsius rise (3.6 F) in temperature that might result from doubling of current carbon dioxide levels would have a much greater impact than was previously thought.

Melt water tumbles through a Greenland ice sheet

“Once the ice sheets begin to disintegrate, then you’ve got an unstable shoreline, which is going to be continuing to change over time,” said Hansen in a presentation to fellow scientists. “It would be a mess for those people living at that time to deal with. And it looks like that time will be this century.”

The team’s new examination of the paleo-climate record now shows that ”a global warming of a couple degrees Celsius would basically create a different planet,” Hansen warned. It’s different than the one that humanity, that civilization knows about. If we look at the paleo record, the target of two degrees Celsius is actually a prescription for long-term disaster.”

The two degree mark gets a lot of focus in both scientific and policy circles, as it’s emerged as the one clear benchmark for controlling warming that industrialized nations have been able to rally around.

Hansen says another measure of climate change deserves a second look in light of this new investigation: The atmospheric carbon reduction target of 350 parts per million (ppm) may not be enough. “It really should be somewhat less than that,” he told the gathering. “It’s necessary if we want to maintain stable ice sheets and shorelines.”

Hansen’s warning is based on his team’s finding that long-ago changes of less than two degrees in the Earth’s temperature resulted in oceans rising by about 25 meters (about 82 feet). Current science on global ice sheets concludes that they’re shedding ice, and the rate of that is increasing.

“We’ve got to slow down this experiment that we’re doing with the planet,” says Hansen, “because otherwise we’re leaving for young people a situation that’s going to be out of their control.”

Hansen began publicly warning about the consequences of climate change at congressional hearings in the late 1980s. He’s become a more controversial figure recently, due to his high profile as an environmental activist.


The 17th Conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is in its third day in Durban, South Africa, with 15,000 delegates from over 190 countries at the negotiating table. Yesterday the U.N.’s World Meteorological Organization announced the 10 hottest years on record have occurred in the past 15 years. This year extreme weather has beset all areas of the globe, with floods and mass starvation due to drought leaving tens of thousands dead and many more displaced.

The US was hit by a record number of tornadoes, harsh blizzards, killer heat waves and weeks-long forest fires. 2011 is currently on track to tie for the 10th hottest year, adding pressure on the international community to take action before an global rise in temperature reaches 2 degrees Celsius. According to the LA Times scientists have warned that if the average global temperature tops 2 degrees “mass extinctions and other catastrophic events” will follow.

Another sticking point is whether the Kyoto Protocol will be adopted for a second term. The EU has already committed to signing again, urging the US and China to join after they refused during its first term.

The US remains noncommittal but reportedly wants to see China on-board. China and the G77 nations are reportedly refusing to agree to anything without equal commitment from developed nations. The Kyoto treaty, the only international treaty to include legally-binding provisions on carbon reduction, is set to expire in 2012.

By Associated Press, Updated: Wednesday, November 30, 9:11 AM
DURBAN, South Africa — Leading American environmentalists complained to Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton Wednesday that her negotiators at U.N. climate talks risked portraying the U.S. as an obstacle to fighting global warming because of its perceived foot-dragging on key issues.

The letter to Clinton signed by the chief executives of 16 major nonprofit groups also stressed the urgency of finding solutions to the world’s emissions of carbon dioxide, mainly from burning fossil fuels for energy, industry and transportation.

“This is a critical meeting, and we are rapidly running out of time to avert the worst impacts of climate change,” it said. It reminded Clinton of President Barack Obama’s presidential campaign pledges to move the U.S. back into the forefront of global cooperation on global warming.

“Three years later, America risks being viewed not as a global leader on climate change but as a major obstacle to progress,” said the letter. It was signed by the heads of the Environmental Defense Fund, the Sierra Club, the Natural Resources Defense Council and other major environmental lobby and activist groups.

Separately, European delegates and the head of the African bloc at the 192-party talks also denounced U.S. positions at the talks, which are seeking ways to curb the ever-expanding emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases.

“Developed countries as a whole are not taking climate change seriously as a global issue,” Seyni Nafo, of Mali, told The Associated Press. “Look at the U.S. We use and we welcome their leadership on democracy, on access to markets, on human rights issues. We would want to have the same leadership to tackle climate change, because for us in the developing world the biggest threat, the biggest enemy, is climate change.”

Discontent directed at Washington came as the U.N.’s top climate scientist, Rajendra Pachauri, warned the conference’s 15,000 participants that global warming is leading to human dangers and soaring financial costs — but that containing carbon emissions will have a host of benefits.

Although he gave no explicit deadlines, the head of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change implied that the world only has a few years before the Earth is irreversibly damaged by accumulations of carbon in the atmosphere.

Anger was directed at the U.S. conditions for negotiating a deal that would legally bind all countries to limit their emissions, and for holding up discussion on how to raise $100 billion earmarked for poor countries to develop low-carbon economies and deal with the effects of global warming.

Instead of a binding agreement, the U.S. has said it favors voluntary pledges by countries to do as much as they can to control emissions. Jonathan Pershing, the U.S. delegate, told reporters this week he did not believe those pledges would change in the near future. The U.S. has promised to cut its emissions by 17 percent from 2005 levels by 2020.

At the last climate conference a year ago in Cancun, Mexico, some 80 countries listed the actions they were taking to reduce emissions or at least lower their rate of growth.

BY: MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. - Website:

The Nobel Price-winning International Panel on Climate Change issued a special report on global warming and extreme weather Friday, November 18, 2011, after a meeting in Kampala Uganda. These experts fear that without preparedness, crazy weather extremes may overwhelm some locations, making some places unlivable.

We need to be worried, and our response needs to anticipate disasters and reduce the risk before they happen rather than wait after they happen and clean up afterward, said Marten van Aalst, Dir. of the International Red Cross/Red Crescent Climate Center in the Netherlands. Chris Field of Stanford University said that “it’s clear that losses from disasters are increasing.” Losses are already high, running at as much as $200 billion a year, said Michael Oppenheimer of Princeton University, a study author.

The report said it is “virtually certain” that heat waves are getting worse, longer and hotter, while cold spells are easing. The 29-page summary of the full report, which will be complete in the coming months, says extremes could get so bad that some regions may need to be abandoned.


Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today challenged the Asia and Pacific region to assume global leadership on issues of international concern, including climate change, sustainable development, access to food and energy, human rights and the empowerment of women.

“Now is the moment for Asia, and ASEAN [Association of Southeast Asian Nations] in particular, to step into a truly global role,” Mr. Ban told a news conference on the margins of the ASEAN summit in Bali, Indonesia.]

“To the assembled leaders, I said the world needs your help, your leadership. The world needs Asia to fully engage on the great challenges of our day.”

He welcomed the Joint Declaration on a Comprehensive Partnership between the United Nations and ASEAN signed today in Bali, saying it builds on a strong foundation and introduces new avenues of cooperation, including mechanisms for more regularized communication and common action.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon – 19 November 2011

“We should be able to discuss the widest range of issues, including those that are difficult and most sensitive,” Mr. Ban said in his address to the ASEAN summit earlier. The UN and ASEAN have a shared stake in helping Myanmar advance towards democracy, he added.

He said sustainable development is the “number one imperative” of the partnership between the UN and ASEAN, noting that Asia understands the interconnection between climate change, water scarcity, energy shortages, global health and food and nutrition security.

Mr. Ban voiced his hope that the UN-ASEAN partnership will continue to grow under Cambodia's leadership of the association next year.

BY: MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. – 2011/11/11

The severity of weather changes worldwide in recent years is becoming worse, according to global reports. The global climate change issue is of valid concerns by the world population, because the consequences already are being felt on all continents from the Arctic and Antarctic to Africa, Australia, Asia, Europe, Mid-East, North America and South America.

The United States Department of Energy disclosed carbon dioxide emission data from the United Nations which were gathered from every country in the world from 2009 through 2010. Worldwide carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere now have increased from 8.6 billion metric tons to 9.1 billion metric tons, and amounted to an increase of 512 million metric tons (564 million tons) for the year 2010. It is a “monster” increase that is unheard of, said Gregg Marland, professor at Appalachian State University. Carbon dioxide causes global climate changes.

These severe global climate changes cause droughts, crop losses, hurricanes, tornados, floods and massive rain and snow storms which negatively affect the world economy and the lives of the global population. According to global observations of devastating climate changes and because of limited global energy resources, there is no more time left to avoid a massive economic collapse and social disintegration with the absurd financial, political and conservative squabbling activities. Even with ample funding, to convert to Hydrogen Energy does take time and a massive labor force. To overcome all these adverse situations is a humungous task. The realization and grasp of global climate change impacts and the pending energy crisis will more than likely come too late, while our government makes every effort to stop effective and sensible governing.

Since solar energy, wind, nuclear power, coal, and bio-fuel are not stable and/or insufficient to meet future global energy supply, then the only energy resource that remains available is Hydrogen Energy that is processed from the oceans which contain 11% Hydrogen, and my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems could supply the needed global energy supply for most and/or all energy requirements for several centuries. For additional information, please see my Hydrogen Energy Data below, and on my website at:

Refugees of Climate Change Rising Steadily
By Rousbeh Legatis*

NEW YORK, Nov 16, 2011 (IPS) - Asian countries, home to about 60 percent of the world's population, will be hit hardest by changing weather patterns and a degrading environment, research indicates.

A whopping 90 percent of all disaster displacement within countries in 2010 was caused by climate- related disasters, the international body Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) reported. That year, 38.3 million women, men and children were forced to move, mainly by floods and storms.

Out of 16 countries with the highest risk of being severely affected by environmental changes in the next 30 years, ten are in Asia, according to the 2010 Climate Change Vulnerability Index, released by global risks advisory firm Maplecroft.

In Southeast Asia alone, extreme weather events like rising sea levels and storm surges "could cause economic losses of 230 billion dollars, or equivalent of 6.7 percent of GDP, each year, endangering the livelihoods of millions of people," as Bart Édes, director of the Poverty Reduction, Gender and Social Development Division of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), told IPS.

Climate change adaptation costs for Asia and the Pacific are estimated in the order of 40 billion dollars annually, the expert said. "About 100 million people would be affected by sea level rise of one metre.

Fiona Harvey, environment correspondent, Wednesday 9 November 2011 05.01 EST

If fossil fuel infrastructure is not rapidly changed, the world will 'lose forever' the chance to avoid dangerous climate change. Any fossil fuel infrastructure built in the next five years will cause irreversible climate change, according to the IEA.

Energy Demand Source: IEA

The world is likely to build so many fossil-fuelled power stations, energy-guzzling factories and inefficient buildings in the next five years that it will become impossible to hold global warming to safe levels, and the last chance of combating dangerous climate change will be "lost forever," according to the most thorough analysis yet of world energy infrastructure.

Anything built from now on that produces carbon will do so for decades, and this "lock-in" effect will be the single factor most likely to produce irreversible climate change, the world's foremost authority on energy economics has found. If this is not rapidly changed within the next five years, the results are likely to be disastrous.

"The door is closing," Fatih Birol, chief economist at the International Energy Agency, said. "I am very worried – if we don't change direction now on how we use energy, we will end up beyond what scientists tell us is the minimum [for safety]. The door will be closed forever."

If the world is to stay below 2C of warming, which scientists regard as the limit of safety, then emissions must be held to no more than 450 parts per million (ppm) of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; the level is currently around 390ppm. But the world's existing infrastructure is already producing 80% of that "carbon budget," according to the IEA's analysis, published on Wednesday. This gives an ever-narrowing gap in which to reform the global economy on to a low-carbon footing.

If current trends continue, and we go on building high-carbon energy generation, then by 2015 at least 90% of the available "carbon budget" will be swallowed up by our energy and industrial infrastructure. By 2017, there will be no room for maneuver at all – the whole of the carbon budget will be spoken for, according to the IEA's calculations.

Birol's warning comes at a crucial moment in international negotiations on climate change, as governments gear up for the next fortnight of talks in Durban, South Africa, from late November. "If we do not have an international agreement, whose effect is put in place by 2017, then the door to [holding temperatures to 2C of warming] will be closed forever," said Birol.

But world governments are preparing to postpone a speedy conclusion to the negotiations again. Originally, the aim was to agree a successor to the 1997 Kyoto protocol, the only binding international agreement on emissions, after its current provisions expire in 2012. But after years of setbacks, an increasing number of countries – including the UK, Japan and Russia – now favour postponing the talks for several years.

Both Russia and Japan have spoken in recent weeks of aiming for an agreement in 2018 or 2020, and the UK has supported this move. Greg Barker, the UK's climate change minister, told a meeting: "We need China, the US especially, the rest of the Basic countries [Brazil, South Africa, India and China] to agree. If we can get this by 2015 we could have an agreement ready to click in by 2020." Birol said this would clearly be too late.

Nor is this a problem of the developing world, as some commentators have sought to frame it. In the UK, Europe and the US, there are multiple plans for new fossil-fuelled power stations that would contribute significantly to global emissions over the coming decades.

The Guardian revealed in May an IEA analysis that found emissions had risen by a record amount in 2010, despite the worst recession for 80 years. Last year, a record 30.6 gigatonnes (Gt) of carbon dioxide poured into the atmosphere from burning fossil fuels, a rise of 1.6Gt on the previous year. At the time, Birol told the Guardian that constraining global warming to moderate levels would be "only a nice utopia" unless drastic action was taken.

The new research adds to that finding, by showing in detail how current choices on building new energy and industrial infrastructure are likely to commit the world to much higher emissions for the next few decades, blowing apart hopes of containing the problem to manageable levels. The IEA's data is regarded as the gold standard in emissions and energy, and is widely regarded as one of the most conservative in outlook – making the warning all the more stark. The central problem is that most industrial infrastructure currently in existence – the fossil-fuelled power stations, the emissions-spewing factories, the inefficient transport and buildings – is already contributing to the high level of emissions, and will do so for decades. Carbon dioxide, once released, stays in the atmosphere and continues to have a warming effect for about a century, and industrial infrastructure is built to have a useful life of several decades.

Yet, despite intensifying warnings from scientists over the past two decades, the new infrastructure even now being built is constructed along the same lines as the old, which means that there is a "lock-in" effect – high-carbon infrastructure built today or in the next five years will contribute as much to the stock of emissions in the atmosphere as previous generations.

The "lock-in" effect is the single most important factor increasing the danger of runaway climate change, according to the IEA in its annual World Energy Outlook, published on Wednesday.

Climate scientists estimate that global warming of 2C above pre-industrial levels marks the limit of safety, beyond which climate change becomes catastrophic and irreversible. Though such estimates are necessarily imprecise, warming of as little as 1.5C could cause dangerous rises in sea levels and a higher risk of extreme weather – the limit of 2C is now inscribed in international accords, including the partial agreement signed at Copenhagen in 2009, by which the biggest developed and developing countries for the first time agreed to curb their greenhouse gas output.

Continuing its gloomy outlook, the IEA report said: "There are few signs that the urgently needed change in direction in global energy trends is under way. Although the recovery in the world economy since 2009 has been uneven, and future economic prospects remain uncertain, global primary energy demand rebounded by a remarkable 5% in 2010, pushing CO2 emissions to a new high. Subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption of fossil fuels jumped to over $400bn (£250.7bn)."
Meanwhile, an "unacceptably high" number of people – about 1.3bn – still lack access to electricity. If people are to be lifted out of poverty, this must be solved – but providing people with renewable forms of energy generation is still expensive.

Charlie Kronick of Greenpeace said: "The decisions being made by politicians today risk passing a monumental carbon debt to the next generation, one for which they will pay a very heavy price. What's seriously lacking is a global plan and the political leverage to enact it. Governments have a chance to begin to turn this around when they meet in Durban later this month for the next round of global climate talks."

One close observer of the climate talks said the $400 billion subsidies devoted to fossil fuels, uncovered by the IEA, were "staggering” and the way in which these subsidies distort the market presented a massive problem in encouraging the move to renewables. He added that Birol's comments, though urgent and timely, were unlikely to galvanise China and the US – the world's two biggest emittters – into action on the international stage.

Christiana Figueres, the UN climate chief, said the findings underlined the urgency of the climate problem, but stressed the progress made in recent years. "This is not the scenario we wanted," she said. "But making an agreement is not easy. What we are looking at is not an international environment agreement — what we are looking at is nothing other than the biggest industrial and energy revolution that has ever been seen."

Damian Carrington: Carbon emissions are rising by record amounts, stoked by political inaction and fossil fuel subsidies. We are almost out of time to douse the climate change crisis. Worst ever carbon emissions leave climate on the brink.

Coal-fired power stations are death factories. Close them


In 2004, total world oil reserves were estimated to be 1.25 trillion barrels (109 km3) and daily consumption at 85 million barrels (13,500,00 m3), shifting the estimated oil depletion year to 2057, but Oxford University predicted that demand would surpass supply by 2015. Today in 2011, the total world oil supply will be consumed by the year 2046, or within the next 35 years.

The American Petroleum Institute does not take into consideration that all remaining oil producing countries will start reducing oil exports and will conduct oil hoarding and rationing practices in about 20 to 25 years before global oil is depleted or by approximately the years between 2021 or by 2025. Oil exports are being already reduced to maintain high oil prices and/or because of global oil field depletion.

The United States government recently declared Alberta's oil sands to be 'proven oil reserves.' Consequently, the U.S. upgraded its global oil estimates for Canada from five billions to 175 billion barrels. Only Saudi Arabia has more oil. The U.S. ambassador to Canada has said the United States needs this energy supply and has called for a more streamlined regulatory process to encourage investment and facilitate development.

There are serious doubts about whether OPEC countries really have the oil reserves they claim. This is similar to the illusionary oil reserves that U.S. oil companies claimed to have in the decade prior to the 1973 and 1979 oil crisis. In the 1970s, those companies were unable to produce as much oil as they had predicted, and production went down instead of up.

At the British Royal Society on February 10, 2010, the Industry Taskforce on Peak Oil and Energy Security released a new report that oil shortages, insecurities of supply and price volatility will destabilize economic, political and social activity within 5 years, and Peak Oil must be a priority for the government. The Industry Taskforce warns that the United Kingdom is ill-prepared for rising oil prices brought on by dwindling supplies.

Major oil companies have admitted that the supply of oil is diminishing in the next few years, as well as in the future, because super oil field exploration have resulted in fewer worthwhile oil fields, and existing oil fields become depleted.

British Petroleum stated it is usually able to get 25% to 40% of the oil in place, but only as much as 30% is extracted from the ground in practice. The Mid-East (Iraq, Iran) and South America still have a substantial amount of oil in the ground or off-shore, but those countries are not very willing to dispose or squander their oil treasure.

Oil Sands and Tar Sands Facts and Statistics

The Oil Sands Facts and Statistics page includes the most up-to-date information about the oil sands and related issues. The volume of oil and energy deposits have been grossly exaggerated by many oil exporting countries and oil corporations in order to attract more investments, and many energy organizations and the news media have to rely upon faulty and inaccurate energy data during a critical decline of global fossil fuel deposits, as well as global oil depletion.

Alberta ranks third, after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, in terms of proven global crude oil reserves. In 2009, Alberta’s total proven oil reserves were 171.3 billion barrels, or about 13% of total global oil reserves (1,354 billion barrels). ???

Almost all of Alberta’s proven oil reserves are found in Alberta's oil sands. Of Alberta's total oil reserves 169.9 billion barrels, or about 99% come from the oil sands; and the remaining 1.4 billion barrels come from conventional crude oil.

The processing operation of oil from the Canada Tar Sands yields only 75% of oil, but produce 40% more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere compared to standard liquid oil processing plants.

Alberta’s oil sands underlie 140,200 square kilometres (km2) (54,132 square miles) of land in the Athabasca, Cold Lake and Peace River areas in northern Alberta. Together these oil sands areas contain an estimated 1.8 trillion barrels (initial volume in place) of crude bitumen. About 10% of this volume (169.9 billion barrels or actually 16.9 billion barrels) is recoverable using current technology and is considered to be a proven reserve. The oil processing operation losses of 25% reduces the actual production or marketable oil volume to 12.7 billion barrels. These are broad estimates and can vary substantially.

Of the total 169.9 billion barrels of proven reserves, about 80% is considered recoverable by in situ methods and 20% by surface mining methods. Oil sands within 75 meters (250 feet) of the surface can be mined; whereas, oil sands below this threshold must be extracted using in situ methods. (The previous paragraph stated that only 10% of oil is considered recoverable with current technology.) Because of many environmental issues, open pit mining is being phased out, and in situ methods do cause substantial environmental problems which have not been resolved.

In 2009, Alberta's production of crude bitumen was 1.5 million bbl/d; of this surface mining accounted for 55% and in situ for 45%.

As of August 2010, there were 91 active oil sands projects in Alberta. Of these, six mining projects have been approved; four of these projects are currently producing bitumen; and two are still under construction. The remaining projects use various in situ recovery methods.

By 2019, crude bitumen production is expected to more than double to 3.2 million bbl/d.

Land Management/Reclamation
Alberta’s oil sands underlie 140,200 km2 (54,132 square miles). To date, about 602 km2 of land have been disturbed by oil sands mining activity (less than 1.25 % of Alberta’s boreal forest which covers over 381,000 km2).

As of December 2008, over 67 km2 of disturbed lands have been reclaimed. Industry has planted more than 7.5 million tree seedlings towards reclamation efforts. Mine operators are required to supply reclamation security bonds to ensure requirements are met.

As of March 31, 2009, the province held over $820 million in such bonds from the oil sands industry. The Government of Alberta and private industry have each invested more than $1 billion in oil sands research. Combined efforts and investments of both the public and private sectors will continue to advance scientific and technological solutions that will reduce the environmental footprint of oil sands progress and augment economic advancement.

Water Usage
During periods of low river flow, Alberta Environment limits water consumption to 1.3% of annual average flow. At times, this can mean that industrial users will be restricted to less than half of their normal requirements given current approved development.

In mining operations, 7.5 to 10 barrels of water is used for every barrel of SCO; however, with recycle rates of 40 to 70% this means only 3 to 4.5 barrels of water make up is required per barrel of oil; and for in situ operations about 2.5 to 4 barrels of water is used for every barrel of bitumen; however, with recycle rates of 70 to 90% this means only 0.5 barrels of water make up is required.

In 2009, about 136,200 people were directly employed in the mining, oil and gas extraction sector, including the oil sands. In 2008, the energy sector accounted for 30.8 % of Alberta’s GDP.

The 2010 United States oil consumption amounted to 6.99 billion barrels of oil. If the Canadian oil and tar sands of 169.9 billion barrels are mined and consumed by the United States, the oil and tar sands would last only 24.3 years. But if only 10% of the oil and tar sands are recoverable, as was stated, then the oil and tar sands will last only 2.4 years. When further considering the oil and tar processing operation losses of 25%, as stated, then the produced oil will last only for 21 months.

The Canadian oil will be sold on the global market, but other oil imports into the USA could stretch out the Canadian oil exhaustion by perhaps 10 years, depending upon global oil availability. On average it takes about two tonnes of mined oil sands to produce a barrel of SCO, and requires 2-5 barrels of fresh water for each barrel of produced oil. Data is inconsistent.

Submitted by Dave Masko on 2011-10-26 (condensed)

NEWPORT, Ore. – Global Warming is a clear and present danger worldwide; with freaky-crazy weather patterns continuing to make life both terrible and even unlivable for many in the world today, say experts.

With weather experts here at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Marine Operations Center-Pacific in Newport, Oregon, and other scientists from all parts of the planet warning -- “there’s even more evidence of global warming" -- world citizenry can only expect their weather to get worse and worse, say experts. In turn, President Barack Obama is again calling for broad climate legislation in a recent statement that included his pledge to keep pushing for it even while the Senate and House have not been able to cut a deal on ways and means to stop the U.S. from contributing to global warming.

Also, NOAA experts here in Newport and at other locations around the world state that ongoing changes in the climate of the Arctic – including rising temperatures, loss of sea ice, and melting of the Greenland ice sheet – will likely mean the “Arctic ocean will be free of summer sea ice” in our lifetime. In turn, there's even more bad news that the world’s weather patterns will only get worse with little chance of returning to anything normal from here on out, say experts.

Many Republicans still don’t get global warming and its impact on weather patterns. At the same time, it’s always been GOP lawmakers who first said there’s no global warming, and even compared it to some strange strategy for Democrats to spend more money on protecting the environment.

It was just last year that Republicans stopped a House bill that would have attempted to stem the tide of carbon emissions coming out of U.S. power plants, car and other sources of pollution.

In turn, the GOP stopped the legislation calling it a jobs killer and said they oppose any plan to try and stop carbon emissions because it might hurt big companies that support Republican views.

In turn, weather forecasters say people in both America and around the world should expect more “freakish” weather for the remainder of 2011, and “actually throughout their lifetimes. The weather will only get worse, and not better,” weather experts added, while stating that "global warming proof is the melting Arctic."

The melting Arctic is a ticking time bomb for the Earth’s climate – and thanks to the world’s failure to reduce greenhouse-gas pollution, the fuse has already been lit -- with scientists also warning that a warmer Arctic will produce more dangerous and “freakish” weather worldwide in 2011 and 2012.

It’s an inconvenient truth, but the world’s weather is getting much worse. In fact, weather experts at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Weather Service here at the seaport of Newport say “it’s difficult to predict exact weather patterns these days.” While this NOAA watches the Pacific and other bodies of water for signs of danger, Greenpeace scientists have become more vocal (if that’s possible) in 2011, stating on its website that “global warming is getting worse,” because the Arctic is melting faster than predicted. The result, say environmentalists such as former Vice President Al Gore, is global warming means the release of carbon and methane that could prove catastrophic for the world.

The Arctic is said to be melting so quickly that even top experts are stunned. Reaction to “freakish” weather – that scientists say will bring more hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, Tsunami’s and other global weather wrath from Mother Nature for these final months of 2011 and into 2012 – was recently summed up in a Rolling Stone report titled: Warming Gets Worse. The report noted that “global warming is happening even faster than experts had thought.”

“The Arctic, it turns out, is melting so quickly that even top ice experts are stunned. Just a few years ago, scientists were assuring us that we wouldn’t have an ice-free Arctic until 2100. Now the data suggests that, within a decade, there will be sailboats at the North Pole during the summer. The melting Arctic is a ticking time bomb for the Earth’s climate – and thanks to our failure to reduce greenhouse-gas pollution – the fuse has already been lit,” reported Rolling Stone that also asks the big question: “Is it too late to avert catastrophe?”

“Once the Arctic is gone, it won’t be coming back anytime soon – which is why cutting greenhouse-gas pollution now is so important,” says Ed Dlugokensky, a methane expert with NOAA, while Greenpeace notes that what’s even more alarming is the rising temperatures in the Arctic in 2011 “threaten to melt the Greenland ice sheets faster than expected.” Global warming is a big issue that the world can’t seem to sort out. Lawmakers seemed dazed and confused about what’s at stake with global warming.

In addition, the United Nations climate report for 2011 predicts that the “seas would likely rise by more than 23 inches by 2100,” and thus flooding many islands and even countries; putting hundreds of millions of people worldwide at risk for death and destruction.

“Global warming has become perhaps the most complicated issue facing world leaders. On the one hand, warnings from the scientific community are becoming louder, as an increasing body of science points to rising dangers from the ongoing buildup of human-related greenhouse gases — produced mainly by the burning of fossil fuels and forests. On the other, the technological, economic and political issues that have to be resolved before a concerted worldwide effort to reduce emissions can begin have gotten no simpler, particularly in the face of a global economic slowdown,” stated a recent New York Times report.

Also, the New York Times reports that “at the heart of the international debate is a momentous tussle between rich and poor countries over who steps up first and who pays most for changed energy menus. In the United States, in January 2011, the Environmental Protection Agency began imposing regulations related to greenhouse gas emissions. The immediate effect on utilities, refiners and major manufacturers was minor, with the new rules applying only to those planning to build large new facilities or make major modifications to existing plants. Over the next decade, however, the agency plans to regulate virtually all sources of greenhouse gases, imposing efficiency and emissions requirements on nearly every industry and every region. President Barack Obama vowed as a candidate that he would put the United States on a path to addressing climate change by reducing emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas pollutants. He offered Congress wide latitude to pass climate change legislation, but held in reserve the threat of E.P.A. regulation if it failed to act. The deeply polarized Senate’s refusal to enact climate change legislation essentially called his bluff.”

“GOP Representative John Shimkus insists we shouldn't concerned about the planet being destroyed because God promised Noah it wouldn't happen again after the great flood,” reported London’s Daily Mail back in 2009.

“Speaking before a House Energy Subcommittee on Energy and Environment hearing in March, 2009, Shimkus quoted Chapter 8, Verse 22 of the Book of Genesis. He said: 'As long as the earth endures, seed time and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night, will never cease,’” reported the Daily Mail, while also noting how “American lawmakers wasted years debating if global warming exists.”

Mikhail Aristov – Nov. 09, 2011, Moscow

The international conference “Problems to the Adaptation to Climate Change” (PACC) is being held in Moscow with experts from more than 40 countries. Russia’s President Dmetry Medvedev expressed hope that the conference would result in “guidelines for creation of an economy sustainable to climate change.”

According to the UN, now three fourth (75%) of all disasters Earth are climate-related. For reference, 10 years ago the share of such disasters was only 50%. Possible global warming threatens to cause more disasters in the future such as floods, droughts and starvation as their consequence.

The international conference in Moscow has proved that no political weather should hamper experience exchange and cooperation between climate experts from different countries because the problem they tackle concerns the future of the human race.

By Robert Kropp, October 21, 2011(condensed and revised)

It will require $500 billion a year in clean energy investment to keep climate change from increasing global temperatures by two degrees Celsius. If global warming increases by that amount, not only will some of the impacts become irreversible, climate scientists have been warning for years; in fact, impacts such as extreme weather events will multiply.

It is because of this impending crisis that world leaders agreed to a two degrees Celsius limit in global warming at the COP16 meeting in Cancun last year. But the agreement has been followed by an absence of regulatory enforcement, especially here in the US, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2010 were the highest ever recorded.

Furthermore, "levels of investments in low-carbon technology and infrastructure are substantially lower than the $500 billion per year deemed necessary," a coalition of institutional investors stated today.

The 2011 Global Investor Statement on Climate Change, issued by the United Nations' Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI), has been endorsed by 285 global investors representing more than $20 Trillion in assets. Investor groups calling for public policies to stimulate private sector investment include the Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR), the Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC), and the Investors Group on Climate Change (IGCC)

In particular, the statement calls for the adoption of clear emissions reduction targets, the creation of financial incentives that "shift the risk-reward balance in favour of low-carbon assets", and the development of policies that accelerate the development of low carbon technologies.

The statement has been orchestrated by the US-based Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR), the European Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC) and the Investors Group on Climate Change (IGCC) in Australia and New Zealand, alongside the United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI), and the Advisory Council of the Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI).

According to the group, the statement represents the largest coalition of international investors, by both number and assets under management, to demand action on climate change.

"There is increasing understanding and agreement amongst asset managers that in a world of seven billion people, rising to nine billion by 2050, there will be more pressure put on the planet and weak infrastructure is not going to deliver the standards of living we want," he said. "[That means] future investment in low carbon areas is going to become more plentiful and more lucrative."

Stephanie Pfeifer, Executive Director at the IIGCC, said that low carbon investment was largely dependent on the policy environment created by governments.

Paul Clements Hunt, head of UNEP FI, added that measures to drive low carbon investment could offer a means of ending the global economic downturn.

"The type of smart finance we are calling for, one that clears the way for the low-carbon economy's vast business opportunities, could prompt the reversal of the current climate of economic insecurity," he said. "It holds the potential to act as a major driver of growth and job creation."

The statement was welcomed by the head of the UN climate change secretariat, Christiana Figueres, who said vocal support from private investors could help give governments "the confidence and the knowledge" to put effective low carbon incentives and policy mechanisms in place.

The move comes just days ahead of the launch of a similar call to action from the Corporate Leaders Group, which is urging businesses to sign up to its Two Degree Challenge Communiqué calling on governments to step up efforts to limit rising global temperatures.

BY: MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. – October 06, 2011

Prince Charles of Wales is correct by stating that we need to take care of this planet, if we expect to survive. This means that we need to develop new energy to replace diminishing fossil fuels, we need to control global carbon dioxide emissions, stop deforestation, make agriculture more productive and make our overall environment more livable and survivable during global climate changes.

Arctic sea ice thickness for 2010 had the lowest volume on record, and this year (2011) is on track to set a new record. An investigation at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology found Arctic sea ice was thinning four times faster than predicted by the climate models relied on by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Scientists have linked ocean warming and ice loss to changes in weather patterns including weather changes in other parts of the globe, and suggest related increases in air pressure above the Arctic has pushed cold air further south and contributed to the extreme northern winters in the past two years. There is evidence the release of fresh water from melting ice could also change ocean circulation patterns between the North Pole and equator through the North Atlantic Ocean.

The NSIDC recently published evidence that warming could trigger the release of billions of tons of methane greenhouse gases as permafrost melts and exposes leafed and woody material that have been buried and decayed for thousands of years in the Arctic. The center has estimated a “tipping point” dramatically accelerating the pace of climate change could come within 20 years.

The UK Guardian in February 2011 published: “Saudi Arabia may not be able to raise production as much as claimed, and its reserves may be overstated by 40%.” Saudi Arabia tells us that they have lots of oil, but if we look at graphs of their historical production, there is nothing that looks like an upward trend. In fact, recent production is lower than it was in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s, and the Energy Exports Databrowser shows that 2009 Saudi Arabia Oil Exports decreased by 16%. The United States and NATO Countries’ war efforts over the control of oil in the Mid-East Countries and in Africa are causing huge unexpected economic consequences and unforeseen debts.

Several Mid-East countries have overstated their oil reserves by about 30% to 40% or so, which means that since the United States Dollar and United States Foreign Trade is linked to Arab oil with payments in dollars, then the US Dollar currency and trade are on unstable footing when global oil is being depleted and when global oil prices skyrocket.

With present population growth, the total global energy supply in 20 years needs to reach approximately 12 to 15 Terawatts (1012), but present and existing energy resources amount to an estimated 4.2 Terawatts, including all new energy resources, will amount to only a total of 7.7 Terawatts. This is an energy shortage of 4.3 Terawatts to 7.3 Terawatts in only 20 years.

Global energy in 20 years will experience an energy shortfall of approximately 38% to 48% percent, unless a new and inexpensive energy resource is created and developed with an energy emergency style program such as with my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Systems and Processes.

The National Defense Council Foundation (NDCF), an Alexandria, Virginia-based research and educational institution has completed its year-long analysis of the “hidden cost” of imported oil. The NDCF project represents the most comprehensive investigation of the military and economic penalty our undue dependence on imported oil exacts from the U.S. economy. Included in this economic toll are:
• Almost $49.1 billion in annual defense outlays to maintain the capability to defend the flow of Persian Gulf Oil – the equivalent of adding $1.17 to the price of a gallon of gasoline;
• The loss of 828,400 jobs in the U.S. economy;
• The loss of $159.9 billion in GNP annually;
• The loss of $13.4 billion in federal and state revenues annually;
• Total economic penalties of from $297.2 to $304.9 billion annually.

If reflected at the gasoline pump, these “hidden costs” would raise the price of a gallon of gasoline to over $5.28, a fill-up would be over $105.

One striking figure was the cost of the periodic oil shocks the U.S. has experienced over the past three decades which NDCF estimates at from over $2.2 Trillion to almost $2.5 Trillion.

Prior to completion the study underwent an exhaustive peer review by a panel comprised of seventeen individuals with a broad range of expertise including representatives from government, industry and major environmental organizations.

In addition to detailing the costs of America’s import dependence, the NDCF report also outlines the benefits of shifting the U.S. transportation sector to non-petroleum derived fuels.

In 1999, the cost of one barrel of oil was $12, but in 2008 oil prices reached $140 a barrel and America was spending about $700 billion for foreign oil, equaling the greatest transfer of wealth in history. That figure has decreased some while oil prices have retreated, but the U.S. is still dependent on foreign nations for nearly 70 percent of its oil, representing a continuing national security and national economic threat. Total imports of all oil products amount to approx. $448 Billion in 2011.

With the industrialization of the global economy, various vital natural resources are being depleted such as the water supply for growing food, and large amounts of water are being polluted without regard to public usage or safety. The huge global energy consumption, energy depletion and future demand of fossil fuel are becoming inadequate to support the global economy much longer.

Nuclear power, 83% of uranium is imported by the U.S. The U.S. has 7% of world uranium deposits. The Global Uranium deposits amount to 5 million tons that are supposed to last for about 70 years. Present uranium consumption amount to 67,000 tons/year, but at about 40 years of supply and consumption, the remaining uranium may not be mined due to the hoarding, inevitable and pending collapse of the Nuclear Industry, and the cessation of uranium exports.
In 10 years, expected annual demand of uranium consumption is estimated to total about 88,000 tons per year. A nuclear power plant investment break-even point is 15+ years before any profits are made, then what will the cost for nuclear power be in 20 years or 30 years?

Since 2008, the price of copper increased by approximately 500%. When oil surpluses created a glut on the market and low prices began causing demand and production curves to rise, regulatory agencies such as the Texas Railroad Commission stepped in to restrain production, which of course caused substantial economic restrictions to economic growth in the United States.

Solar energy, wind, nuclear power and any other energy resources combined are not sufficient to supply our growing global energy needs. Energy is the most vital and important resource, which then enables the human race to use and process all other natural resources, including agriculture products.

In the early 1960’s, I realized the coming global energy crisis, and I researched for a solution of this impending global energy problem, because without energy, the entire world economy would simply collapse. An analysis of all energy resources with their useable energy values, including all combined fossil fuel resources and nuclear power were not physically adequate to meet the future global energy demands. Solar energy, wind and nuclear power for generating electricity are just not adequate to replace our global usage of fossil fuel and to fulfill our global future energy needs. Solar energy, wind and nuclear power all have serious limitations and problems that need to be viewed according to their usefulness and their long-term total value. Solar energy, wind and nuclear power can only produce a limited amount of energy and little can be done to change our predicament that would affect the present and future global energy demands.

The only available energy resource that would last hundreds of years and meet future global energy demands is the hydrogen in ocean waters (11%), and the hydrogen in fresh waters such as in rivers and lakes which contain 10% hydrogen. This would require large volumes of hydrogen extraction from the global ocean waters with new production methods in hydrogen processing plants near the oceans, and requiring new distribution and marketing systems. These hydrogen production plants can also produce large amounts of potable water supply for cities and clean water for irrigation of most agriculture products.

As hydrogen is a very light gas, it would not be useful to produce a hydrogen combustion process and then exhaust the hydrogen into the atmosphere, the same way as is done presently with all fossil fuels such as with oil, gasoline, natural gas and coal for coal fired electric power plants, the internal combustion engine, boilers, ovens, aircraft engines and heating systems which emit carbon dioxide.

All fossil fuels contain hydrogen and a certain amount of carbon, but involve primarily the combustion of oxygen with hydrogen, and the burned carbon content is discharged into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. The use of fossil fuel and fossil fuel combustion today produces “60% of man-made carbon dioxides” into the atmosphere, which is also responsible for present global climate changes and air pollution or smog.

The hydrogen gas cannot be used up, cannot be consumed, or destroyed, and is inexhaustible in its existing state, and is the largest element or material component in the entire universe. Hydrogen can be used for many new products when made readily available, but hydrogen is most useful for energy applications through chemical reaction processes, and hydrogen regeneration processes and systems. Therefore, when a chemical reaction (combustion) of hydrogen with organic and inorganic combustion components in a continuous combustion process is produced, then the hydrogen can be reprocessed and regenerated and used again, depending upon the thoroughness of the hydrogen separation and reprocessing process. Complete separation of hydrogen from some or all combustion components means that the hydrogen can be reprocessed and regenerated continuously many times over and over.

My hydrogen energy regeneration systems and processes would be the ultimate energy resource to sustain the future global population with an abundance of inexpensive and new non-polluting energy. When hydrogen energy regeneration processes and systems are brought on line, global climate changes can be controlled and global weather patterns could return to more normal or milder climate conditions. It is now possible to choose and plan our future and destiny. For additional information, please see website:

Manfred Zysk, M.E.
Dated: September 25, 2011


Photo: Getty Images

In his speech as the head of the Worldwide Wildlife Fund UK, Prince Charles warned of a mass human extinction if dramatic steps are not taken to reduce the world’s consumption of natural resources.

The Telegraph reports that Prince Charles did not mince words when describing the state of the environment and how the planet as we know it is entering a mass extinction that could only be matched but that of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

Prince Charles spoke eloquently on the subject:

“History will not judge us by how much economic growth we achieve in the immediate years ahead, nor by how much we expand material consumption, but by the legacy for our grandchildren and their grandchildren,” he said. “We are consuming what is rightfully theirs by sacrificing long-term progress on the altar of immediate satisfaction. That is hardly responsible behavior. There is an urgent need for all of us to concentrate our efforts on sustaining, nurturing and protecting the Earth’s natural capital and, moreover, reshaping our economic system so that Nature sits at the very heart of our thinking.”

He also recommended that the triple threat of climate change, rainforest destruction, and dwindling fish stocks make this a “crucial moment” for the organization and the movement.

Of late, the Prince has not been shy about calling out skeptics and climate change deniers while using his position as a platform to raise awareness for rainforest preservation. But this speech, given at St. James Palace in London, is still likely to turn heads.

MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. – September 18, 2011- Publication is authorized
Source: The Oregonian Newspaper and

The table below for 2011 shows Fairbanks, Alaska being as warm or warmer than Los Angeles during 28 days, and Fairbanks being as warm or warmer than San Francisco during 95 days from May 14 to September 15, 2011, according to the Oregonian Newspaper and The direct distance from Los Angeles, California to Fairbanks, Alaska is approximately 3,000 miles north. The months of June, July and August are normally the warmest months for Fairbanks, Alaska. To date the highest Fairbanks temperature for 2011 has been 88 degrees Fahrenheit on June 25, 2011.

In 2010, Fairbanks, Alaska was warmer than Los Angeles for 27 days.
In 2010, Fairbanks, Alaska was warmer than San Francisco for 108 days.

Weather forecasting and temperature fluctuations by 10 to 20 degrees at times can be unpredictable, but ordinarily, the weather forecasting of actual temperature variability can be within 2 or 5 degrees on any given day. The most accurate verifiable temperature monitoring method is automated electronic temperature monitoring at primary locations in cities and central population areas. Therefore the given temperature variations are relatively close to being correct for these cities.


4/05/2012 - Fairbanks 49 F. Seattle 49 F. Portland 48 F. S. Franc. 52 F. Los Angeles 67 F.
4/16/2012 - Fairbanks 61 F. Seattle 56 F. Portland 61 F. S. Franc. 59 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
4/17/2012 - Fairbanks 59 F. Seattle 50 F. Portland 51 F. S. Franc. 59 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
4/19/2012 - Fairbanks 57 F. Seattle 57 F. Portland 59 F. S. Franc. 65 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
4/20/2012 - Fairbanks 56 F. Seattle 56 F. Portland 58 F. S. Franc. 77 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
4/26/2012 - Fairbanks 57 F. Seattle 57 F. Portland 59 F. S. Franc. 59 F. Los Angeles 68 F.

5/04/2012 - Fairbanks 54 F. Seattle 54 F. Portland 54 F. S. Franc. 60 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
5/17/2012 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 64 F. Portland 68 F. S. Franc. 59 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
5/18/2012 - Fairbanks 67 F. Seattle 60 F. Portland 66 F. S. Franc. 66 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
5/19/2012 - Fairbanks 67 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 71 F. S. Franc. 66 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
5/20/2012 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 58 F. Portland 65 F. S. Franc. 68 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
5/22/2012 - Fairbanks 71 F. Seattle 55 F. Portland 59 F. S. Franc. 62 F. Los Angeles 85 F.
5/23/2012 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 58 F. Portland 64 F. S. Franc. 63 F. Los Angeles 85 F.
5/24/2912 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 59 F. S. Franc. 63 F. Los Angeles 84 F.
5/26/2012 - Fairbanks 62 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 68 F. S. Franc. 59 F. Los Angeles 85 F.
5/27/2012 - Fairbanks 62 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 65 F. S. Franc. 58 F. Los Angeles 86 F.
5/28/2012 - Fairbanks 67 F. Seattle 62 F. Portland 63 F. S. Franc. 59 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
5/30/2012 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 73 F. S. Franc. 66 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
5/31/2012 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 64 F. Portland 72 F. S. Franc. 72 F. Los Angeles 78 F.

6/02/2012 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 66 F. S. Franc. 60 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/03/2012 - Fairbanks 71 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 64 F. S. Franc. 61 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/04/2012 - Fairbanks 76 F. Seattle 55 F. Portland 61 F. S. Franc. 58 F. Los Angeles 70 F.
6/05/2012 - Fairbanks 75 F. Seattle 56 F. Portland 64 F. S. Franc. 60 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
6/06/2012 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 61 F. Portland 66 F. S. Franc. 63 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
6/07/2012 - Fairbanks 77 F. Seattle 61 F. Portland 66 F. S. Franc. 64 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
6/08/2012 - Fairbanks 79 F. Seattle 59 F. Portland 57 F. S. Franc. 62 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
6/09/2012 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 65 F. S. Franc. 69 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
6/10/2012 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 69 F. S. Franc. 81 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
6/11/2012 - Fairbanks 77 F. Seattle 74 F. Portland 77 F. S. Franc. 75 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/14/2012 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 68 F. S. Franc. 63 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
6/15/2012 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 80 F. S. Franc. 70 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
6/16/2012 - Fairbanks 71 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 85 F. S. Franc. 86 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
6/17/2012 - Fairbanks 75 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 73 F. S. Franc. 64 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
6/18/2012 - Fairbanks 76 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 66 F. S. Franc. 59 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
6/19/2012 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 64 F. S. Franc. 66 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/20/2012 - Fairbanks 79 F. Seattle 76 F. Portland 81 F. S. Franc. 75 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
6/21/2012 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle75 F. Portland 81 F. S. Franc. 59 F. Los Angeles 74 F. 6/22/2012 - Fairbanks 82 F. Seattle 57 F. Portland 66 F. S. Franc. 64 F. Los Angeles 74 F
6/23/2012 - Fairbanks 86 F. Seattle 60 F. Portland 64 F. S. Franc. 63 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/24/2012 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 69 F. S. Franc. 64 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
6/25/2012 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 66 F. S. Franc. 66 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
6/26/2012 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 65 F. Portland 65 F. S. Franc. 67 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
6/29/2012 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 69 F. Portland 75 F. S. Franc. 66 F. Los Angeles 82 F.
6/30/2012 - Fairbanks 74 F. Seattle 69 F. Portland 74 F. S. Franc. 67 F. Los Angeles 78 F.

5/14/2011 - Fairbanks 65 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 64 F. San Francisco 58 F. Los Angeles 67 F.
5/15/2011 - Fairbanks 63 F. Seattle 51 F. Portland 57 F. San Francisco 58 F. Los Angeles 66 F.
5/16/2011 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 54 F. Portland 56 F. San Francisco 57 F. Los Angeles 65 F.
5/17/2011 - Fairbanks 73 F. Seattle 62 F. Portland 62 F. San Francisco 58 F. Los Angeles 66 F.
5/18/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 66 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 67 F.
5/19/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 70 F.
5/20/2011 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 75 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 72 F.
5/21/2011 - Fairbanks 76 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 64 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
5/22/2011 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 60 F. Portland 62 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 70 F.
5/23/2011 - Fairbanks 74 F. Seattle 61 F. Portland 63 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 68 F.
5/24/2011 - Fairbanks 79 F. Seattle 68 F. Portland 69 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 71 F.
5/25/2011 - Fairbanks 76 F. Seattle 62 F. Portland 59 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
5/26/2011 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 57 F. Portland 58 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
5/27/2011 - Fairbanks 85 F. Seattle 59 F. Portland 58 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
5/28/2011 - Fairbanks 86 F. Seattle 58 F. Portland 60 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
5/29/2011 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 62 F. Portland 64 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
5/30/2011 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle 65 F. Portland 63 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
5/31/2011 - Fairbanks 81 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 60 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 72 F.

6/01/2011 - Fairbanks 75 F. Seattle 62 F. Portland 62 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
6/02/2011 - Fairbanks 65 F. Seattle 60 F. Portland 60 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/03/2011 - Fairbanks 74 F. Seattle 69 F. Portland 73 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
6/04/2011 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 79 F. Portland 83 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 71 F.
6/05/2011 - Fairbanks 65 F. Seattle 81 F. Portland 80 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/06/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 71 F. San Francisco 58 F. Los Angeles 71 F.
6/07/2011 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle 61 F. Portland 61 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/08/2011 - Fairbanks 65 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 67 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 70 F.
6/09/2011 - Fairbanks 59 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
6/10/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 68 F. Portland 67 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
6/11/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 65 F. Portland 64 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
6/12/2011 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 73 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 71 F.
6/13/2011 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 66 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 73 F.
6/14/2011 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 64 F. Portland 71 F. San Francisco 70 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
6/15/2011 - Fairbanks 58 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 65 F. San Francisco 71 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
6/16/2011 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 68 F. Portland 68 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 71 F.
6/17/2011 - Fairbanks 75 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 72 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 72 F.
6/18/2011 - Fairbanks 77 F. Seattle 62 F. Portland 63 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
6/19/2011 - Fairbanks 79 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 68 F. San Francisco 74 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
6/20/2011 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 79 F. San Francisco 88 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
6/21/2011 - Fairbanks 75 F. Seattle 54 F. Portland 83 F. San Francisco 79 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
6/22/2011 - Fairbanks 65 F. Seattle 74 F. Portland 75 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
6/23/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 64 F. Portland 66 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
6/24/2011 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle 64 F. Portland 67 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
6/25/2011 - Fairbanks 88 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 70 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
6/26/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 77 F. Portland 79 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
6/27/2011 - Fairbanks 77 F. Seattle 78 F. Portland 78 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 82 F.
6/28/2011 - Fairbanks 63 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 72 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
6/29/2011 - Fairbanks 61 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 68 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
6/30/2011 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 69 F. San Francisco 68 F. Los Angeles 81 F.

7/01/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 73 F. Portland 78 F. San Francisco 75 F. Los Angeles 85 F.
7/02/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 82 F. Portland 84 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 84 F.
7/03/2011 - Fairbanks 63 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 75 F. San Francisco 81 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
7/04/2011 - Fairbanks 67 F. Seattle 76 F. Portland 81 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 88 F.
7/05/2011 - Fairbanks 73 F. Seattle 80 F. Portland 85 F. San Francisco 72 F. Los Angeles 89 F.
7/06/2011 - Fairbanks 79 F. Seattle 81 F. Portland 86 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 85 F.
7/07/2011 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 73 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 88 F.
7/08/2011 - Fairbanks 75 F. Seattle 65 F. Portland 68 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 84 F.
7/09/2011 - Fairbanks 77 F. Seattle 73 F. Portland 77 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
7/10/2011 - Fairbanks 74 F. Seattle 75 F. Portland 79 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
7/11/2011 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 76 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
7/12/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 69 F. Portland 70 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
7/13/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 68 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
7/14/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 64 F. Portland 71 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
7/15/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 76 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
7/16/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
7/17/2011 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 71 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
7/18/2011 - Fairbanks 59 F. Seattle 74 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 69 F. Los Angeles 82 F.
7/19/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 70 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 86 F.
7/20/2011 - Fairbanks 76 F. Seattle 68 F. Portland 71 F. San Francisco 75 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
7/21/2011 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 68 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
7/22/2011 - Fairbanks 81 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 76 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
7/23/2011 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 79 F. Portland 85 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
7/24/2011 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 82 F. Portland 85 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
7/25/2011 - Fairbanks 73 F. Seattle 78 F. Portland 75 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 84 F.
7/26/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 73 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 84 F.
7/27/2011 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 76 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
7/28/2011 - Fairbanks 71 F. Seattle 74 F. Portland 79 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
7/29/2011 - Fairbanks 73 F. Seattle 74 F. Portland 82 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
7/30/2011 - Fairbanks 62 F. Seattle 79 F. Portland 84 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
7/31/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 79 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 82 F.

8/01/2011 - Fairbanks 71 F. Seattle 76 F. Portland 83 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 86 F.
8/02/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 72 F. Portland 80 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 85 F.
8/03/2011 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 79 F. Portland 84 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 85 F.
8/04/2011 - Fairbanks 76 F. Seattle 77 F. Portland 78 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 83 F.
8/05/2011 - Fairbanks 61 F. Seattle 66 F. Portland 77 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
8/06/2011 - Fairbanks 67 F. Seattle 73 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
8/07/2011 - Fairbanks 56 F. Seattle 74 F. Portland 78 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
8/08/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
8/09/2011 - Fairbanks 57 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 69 F. San Francisco 68 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
8/10/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 78 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
8/11/2011 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 74 F. Portland 79 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
8/12/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 76 F. Portland 81 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
8/13/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 72 F. San Francisco 68 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
8/14/2011 - Fairbanks 60 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
8/15/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 82 F.
8/16/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 78 F. Portland 84 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
8/17/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 75 F. Portland 81 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
8/18/2011 - Fairbanks 67 F. Seattle 74 F. Portland 80 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 82 F.
8/19/2011 - Fairbanks 71 F. Seattle 78 F. Portland 82 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
8/20/2011 - Fairbanks 60 F. Seattle 85 F. Portland 96 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
8/21/2011 - Fairbanks 58 F. Seattle 87 F. Portland 90 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
8/22/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 73 F. Portland 80 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
8/23/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 77 F. Portland 85 F. San Francisco 75 F. Los Angeles 83 F.
8/24/2011 - Fairbanks 64 F. Seattle 81 F. Portland 87 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 82 F.
8/25/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 83 F. Portland 87 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 90 F.
8/26/2011 - Fairbanks 71 F. Seattle 80 F. Portland 88 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 92 F.
8/27/2011 - Fairbanks 70 F. Seattle 84 F. Portland 87 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 93 F.
8/28/2011 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 80 F. Portland 82 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 87 F.
8/29/2011 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 70 F. Portland 78 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 85 F.
8/30/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 69 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
8/31/2011 - Fairbanks 67 F. Seattle 69 F. Portland 70 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 78 F.

9/01/2011 - Fairbanks 61 F. Seattle 73 F. Portland 78 F. San Francisco 71 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
9/02/2011 - Fairbanks 65 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 76 F. San Francisco 69 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
9/03/2011 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 82 F. Portland 87 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 76 F.
9/04/2011 - Fairbanks 66 F. Seattle 83 F. Portland 89 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 77 F.
9/05/2011 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 82 F. Portland 88 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 88 F.
9/06/2011 - Fairbanks 63 F. Seattle 84 F. Portland 91 F. San Francisco 70 F. Los Angeles 97 F.
9/07/2011 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 83 F. Portland 93 F. San Francisco 73 F. Los Angeles 96 F.
9/08/2011 - Fairbanks 65 F. Seattle 85 F. Portland 89 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 92 F.
9/09/2011 - Fairbanks 55 F. Seattle 85 F. Portland 91 F. San Francisco 70 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
9/10/2011 - Fairbanks 47 F. Seattle 84 F. Portland 92 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
9/11/2011 - Fairbanks 59 F. Seattle 85 F. Portland 93 F. San Francisco 70 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
9/12/2011 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 68 F. Portland 76 F. San Francisco 66 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
9/13/2011 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 64 F. Portland 70 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
9/14/2011 - Fairbanks 65 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 74 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 79 F.
9/15/2011 - Fairbanks 53 F. Seattle 65 F. Portland 68 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 80 F.


In 2010, Fairbanks, Alaska was warmer than Los Angeles for 27 days and
In 2010, Fairbanks, Alaska was warmer than San Francisco for 110 days.
The highest temperature in Fairbanks, Alaska was 91 F. on 8/15/2010
Previous highest temperature in Fairbanks was 82 F., in 2010 (6) days at 82+ F.

4/21/2010 - Fairbanks 63 F. Seattle 50 F. Portland 57 F. San Francisco 56 F. Los Angeles 63 F.
4/22/2010 - Fairbanks 61 F. Seattle 55 F. Portland 62 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 61 F.
4/28/2010 - Fairbanks 68 F. Seattle 56 F. Portland 54 F. San Francisco 57 F. Los Angeles 67 F.
5/17/2010 - Fairbanks 69 F. Seattle 71 F. Portland 75 F. San Francisco 57 F. Los Angeles 64 F.
5/18/2010 - Fairbanks 73 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 64 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
5/19/2010 - Fairbanks 76 F. Seattle 68 F. Portland 67 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
5/22/2010 - Fairbanks 74 F. Seattle 61 F. Portland 56 F. San Francisco 55 F. Los Angeles 71 F.
5/23/2010 - Fairbanks 74 F. Seattle 57 F. Portland 54 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 67 F.
5/24/2010 - Fairbanks 77 F. Seattle 62 F. Portland 61 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 70 F.
5/25/2010 - Fairbanks 77 F. Seattle 61 F. Portland 64 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 72 F.
5/26/2010 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 57 F. Portland 59 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 71 F.
5/27/2010 - Fairbanks 82 F. Seattle 60 F. Portland 64 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 69 F.
5/28/2010 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle 53 F. Portland 57 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 72 F.
6/02/2010 - Fairbanks 79 F. Seattle 62 F. Portland 65 F. San Francisco 64 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
6/21/2010 - Fairbanks 76 F. Seattle 63 F. Portland 66 F. San Francisco 67 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
6/23/2010 - Fairbanks 78 F. Seattle 77 F. Portland 83 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 78 F.
7/06/2010 - Fairbanks 72 F. Seattle 78 F. Portland 85 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 72 F.
7/07/2010 - Fairbanks 75 F. Seattle 90 F. Portland 95 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 71 F.
7/08/2010 - Fairbanks 81 F. Seattle 95 F. Portland 97 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 70 F.
7/09/2010 - Fairbanks 85 F. Seattle 93 F. Portland 94 F. San Francisco 60 F. Los Angeles 74 F.
7/10/2010 - Fairbanks 81 F. Seattle 81 F. Portland 84 F. San Francisco 63 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
7/12/2010 - Fairbanks 77 F. Seattle 67 F. Portland 69 F. San Francisco 65 F. Los Angeles 75 F.
7/31/2010 - Fairbanks 83 F. Seattle 69 F. Portland 71 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 81 F.
8/02/2010 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 73 F. Portland 78 F. San Francisco 61 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
8/04/2010 - Fairbanks 83 F. Seattle 82 F. Portland 81 F. San Francisco 59 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
8/14/2010 - Fairbanks 80 F. Seattle 95 F. Portland 98 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 80 F.
8/15/2010 - Fairbanks 91 F. Seattle 96 F. Portland 97 F. San Francisco 62 F. Los Angeles 81 F.

Science has verified that Carbon Dioxide and Methane Gas are major contributors to global climate changes. The entire Arctic landmass contains 1.5 Trillion tons of frozen Permafrost Carbon and Methane, which is presently melting, and is releasing large amounts of methane gas which is 23 times stronger than carbon dioxide. It is estimated that 29-59% of permafrost will disappear by the year 2200. The effects of such large amounts of additional methane into the global atmosphere have not been estimated, and the effects of methane upon global climate changes and associated economic constraints have not been considered. Year-long warmer temperatures of the Arctic Region are generated by the release of moisture and CO2 emissions from warmer pacific ocean waters and the thawing of frozen methane hydrates on the ocean floor which contain over three (3) Trillion tons of methane hydrate gas deposits worldwide.

The worldwide release of Methane has still not been factored into the global climate change research and estimates, and that in part is why the projections in climate changes are substantially underestimated. The constant heat of warmer air temperatures from the oceans containing more moisture, CO2 and methane are being forced into the Arctic region to melt ice and permafrost. Warmer ocean waters also melt more ice in the Arctic and Antarctic which in turn release more moisture into the atmosphere to cause greater global climate changes due to the shifting of ocean water volume into the Southern Hemisphere to cause greater temperature and climate changes into the Northern Hemisphere with shifting weather patterns.

The present worldwide acceleration and expected trend of expanding carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and methane emissions is extremely dangerous for the future of this planet. Carbon Dioxide and Methane do not disintegrate within 70 years and presently large volumes continue to accelerate and accumulate in the atmosphere, and we are entering the point of no return toward a huge worldwide catastrophe. All major industrial countries and governments are only concerned to acquire more oil, coal, natural gas, nuclear power, but these diminishing energy sources combined show little promise for future energy sustainability to drive the global economy. Many countries, organizations and scientists now state that a new energy system is needed and that present fossil fuels need to be eliminated as soon as possible because of the carbon dioxide emissions causing global climate changes, cause huge economic damages and develop crop and food shortages in the process.

The only viable solution to depleting fossil fuel energy resources is Hydrogen Energy produced from the oceans (11%) and to regenerate the hydrogen in a closed loop process. Hydrogen gas is an element that cannot be consumed or used up and will react with explosive force with oxygen and various chemical formulas to produce powerful chemical reactions. Basically, oil, gasoline, natural gas and coal contain primarily hydrogen and carbon which ignite and burn with oxygen and other chemical elements. The carbon content in oil, natural gas and coal with the oxygen burns off or is combusted, but the hydrogen gas content is indestructible and cannot be consumed, and therefore the hydrogen gas can be separated and regenerated for combustion in a closed loop process numerous times.

BY: MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. - August 16, 2011

Hydrogen Energy Values are 3.02 times more powerful compared to Gasoline per 1 kilogram (2.204 pounds), (compressed at 700 bar); Hydrogen Energy is 3.15 times more powerful compared to Diesel Fuel; Hydrogen Energy is 3.08 times more powerful compared to Natural Gas & Propane; Hydrogen Energy is 6.0 times more powerful compared to Coal; Hydrogen Energy is 8.41 times more powerful compared to Carbohydrates; Hydrogen Energy is 8.83 times more powerful compared to Wood. These energy values are only direct comparisons to fossil fuels, and do not show enhanced combustion processes with organic and inorganic formulas. The organic, inorganic, and combination of organic and inorganic hydrogen combustion formulas can be extremely powerful for many useful applications and for large power requirements. Hydrogen Energy is the ultimate source of global energy supply for many centuries, and my hydrogen energy regeneration systems and processes are required. Barring unreasonable exploitation, Hydrogen Energy can become the most inexpensive and abundant future energy resource. Hydrogen is also the most abundant element in the entire universe.

The Roads To Our Alternative Energy Future
By Barath Raghavan – August 24, 2011
As for transitioning faster (from fossil fuel), we can look to the Hirsch report, which argued that a 20 year energy crash program is about as fast as it can be done. So 20 years it is.

Industrial Capacity
First, how much would we need to build to provide 15 TW globally using mostly alternatives in 20 years?

In total (the anticipated capabilities of new energy resources), yields about 4.2 TW of new capacity and adds to an existing 2 TW of fossil fuels, 1 TW of nuclear, and 0.5 of hydro, yielding 7.7 TW - about half of the target. That is, even assuming optimistic rates of production of alternative energy sources, we'd be about 50% short of our energy target in 20 years.

Doing the analysis above reminded me that a wholesale transition to alternatives seems unlikely to deliver energy at current levels of consumption/production.

>> Business-as-usual: we'll just keep on going with fossil fuels until we can no longer do so; that is we'll follow the oil depletion curve down and try to substitute with coal, tar sands, and other dirty fuels. We may not build new coal plants in the United States, but we probably won't decommission them as fast as we should to deal with climate issues, and China, India, and other countries will continue using coal at breakneck rates. It will however cause us to overshoot 450 ppm of CO2, taking us to perhaps 500 or 550 ppm, which is probably past the point of no return in terms of warming - natural feedbacks are likely to take over. (I think we probably are unlikely to go much further than that, since we'll start running out of cheap coal at that point.)

>> Unmanaged descent: we'll keep using fossil fuels, but the economic contraction due to oil depletion will hit hard enough that we'll end up using less energy overall. In this way, we'll haphazardly decrease our energy use at the expense of global human hardship. In this scenario, we'd probably avoid exceeding 450 ppm of CO2 simply due to a non-functioning economy, though we also won't be able to build alternatives at anything near the rate I describe above.

>> Managed descent: there are a lot of things that need to be done just right to manage our descent. First, we'd need policy-based solutions, either in the form of a carbon tax (or the equivalent) or energy quotas. Second, we'd need to stabilize swings in oil prices as I discussed before. Third, we'd need to invest in alternatives that have the highest capacity yield per unit time.
About the Author:
We’re a philosopher and a computer scientist trying to understand the world and the choices we make.

Letter to the Editor, Wednesday, August 24, 10:14 AM
Global Warming: Ever The Politically Hot Topic

Regarding the Aug. 20 front-page article “The hot politics of global warming”:
We should all be very worried about the condition of our democracy when major American politicians disagree with essentially the entire American scientific community’s assessment that humans are contributing to global warming. This seems rather like the political powers in Italy in 1632 disagreeing with Galileo that the Earth revolved around the sun. The Catholic Church took this position because Galileo’s conclusions did not support church dogma, and it is obvious that some of our political leaders approach the global warming issue with their own dogmatic biases.

Our democracy and country cannot prosper if we continue to elect politicians who argue against scientific evidence; they will doom our country to be a second-rate or worse nation.
Larry C. Kindsvater, Falls Church

NOAA report shows warmer weather in U.S.
By Ashlie Rodriguez, Los Angeles Times – June 30, 2011
The new normal is warmer. That's the assessment of the nation's top weather agency, which will release data Friday showing the 30-year "normal" temperature in the United States.

"The climate of the 2000s is about 1.5 degree Fahrenheit warmer than the 1970s, so we would expect the updated 30-year normals to be warmer," said Thomas R. Karl, director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Climatic Data Center.
The 30-year baseline is used by scientists to understand climate conditions and trends, including climate change. Besides providing a perspective for daily weather records, the data are widely used by utilities to project energy use, by farmers to make decisions on crop selection and planting times, and by others whose livelihoods are dependent on weather.
Jim Hurrell, a senior scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, said the rise in temperature was attributable to a buildup in greenhouse gases. "The climate is indeed warming and this is evidence for it," Hurrell said.

A team of UC Berkeley physicists and statisticians that set out to challenge the scientific consensus on global warming recently reported that its data-crunching effort produced results nearly identical to those underlying the prevailing view on climate change.

Berkeley physics professor Richard Muller, a longtime critic of government-led climate studies who launched the reexamination, told a congressional hearing in April that the work of the three principal groups that have analyzed temperature trends underlying climate science was "excellent.... We see a global warming trend that is very similar to that previously reported by the other groups."

Energy-starved future looms, military warns


The Canadian military drew up four possible scenarios about the world's energy supplies.
The planet is running out of oil and heading toward a future that could trap Canada in a violent spiral of decline in the economy and the environment, a special research unit within the Canadian military is predicting.

This "global quagmire" is one of four possible future scenarios advanced by the six members of the team who are developing a plan for the army of tomorrow based on existing scientific research and analysis.

In a best-case scenario, they predict that Canada could be at the forefront of a prosperous green economy, in which clean energy and environmental protection are priorities and living standards improve around the world.

Two other scenarios fall in between, but all four alternatives conclude that energy security and global environmental change are the most serious and unpredictable factors that could radically alter society as well as the role of Canada's army.

"It all depends on what kind of steps are taken today that could lead to various futures," Peter Gizewski, a strategic analyst on the team, told Postmedia News.

Members of the team said that climate change in particular could have a wide range of consequences, as well as oil shortages in a world with no alternative sources of energy.

The team has also noted that the world is now consuming oil faster than it's discovering it.
"Globally, we find more (oil) all the time, but we haven't actually found as much as we've used in a given year since 1985," said Maj. John Sheahan, another member of the research team."

Sheahan noted that the price of a full tank of gasoline, even at $100, is a bargain when compared to estimates in some research that it would be equivalent to about 25,000 people each doing one hour of work.

The global quagmire scenario predicts a world ravaged by climate change and environmental degradation in which "markets are highly unstable" and there are high risks of widespread conflicts involving ownership and access to oil, water, food and other resources.

"Indeed, the danger of resource wars, both between and within states is acute," said a technical paper produced by the group in December. "Much of the violence occurs in the developing world, as dictators, organized crime groups and revolutionary movements fight for control of increasingly desperate societies. Yet developed countries are by no means immune from strife."

In the best-case scenario, the team predicts that Canada could take a leadership role in the alternative energy and environmental fields after a series of technology sharing agreements with emerging economies and active support of developing sound international regimes and practices.
Other drivers of change analyzed by the team were: the impact of age and demographics on military composition; exponential technology growth; human/social response to technology; expansion of operating environments; globalization; conflicting/shifting identities; power shifts; resource security; distribution of wealth and weapons proliferation.

But members of the team said that energy security and environmental change are factors with the highest potential impacts and the greatest uncertainty.

Published Sep 2 2011 by Oil Depletion Analysis Centre, Archived Sep 2 2011
ODAC Newsletter - September 2, 2011
by Staff

Welcome to the ODAC Newsletter, a weekly roundup from the Oil Depletion Analysis Centre, the UK registered charity dedicated to raising awareness of peak oil.

BP's recovery plans following last year's Deepwater Horizon disaster took a double blow this week. On Tuesday Exxon Mobil and Rosneft announced a deal to develop oil and gas reserves in the Russian Arctic — a version of the very deal that BP thought it had in the bag back in January. Then on Wednesday, to add insult to injury, BP's Moscow offices were raided by bailiffs gathering evidence for an investor who is suing BP for damages over the collapse of the January deal.

Clearly it is in the interests of energy companies to assert the importance of shale, but estimates of how much gas is really available are proving highly controversial. The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) has been forced to downgrade its resource estimate for the key Marcellus shale region in the northeast US by a whopping 80%, after a new assessment by the US Geological Survey released last week. This surely casts doubt on the US EIA's resource assessment for shale in the UK, where the Administration estimates recoverable resources of 560 billion cubic meters — about 6 years' of current UK consumption. The British Geological Survey, however, reckons we have only 150 billion cubic meters, or about 18 months' worth — surely marginal, given the evident risks. So much for the new paradigm.

Sunita Narain: Climate games and America

Last fortnight, the final nail was driven into the action on climate-change coffin
Sunita Narain / New Delhi March 28, 2011, 0:27 IST

Last fortnight, the final nail was driven into the action on climate-change coffin. In the US, a crucial vote in the house sub-committee decided that the country’s Environment Protection Agency (EPA) would no longer have the power to regulate carbon dioxide as a pollutant. The committee voted we say that the threat from climate change was not real, urgent or even serious. They said that any steps to curtail emissions would impact manufacturing and energy industry in the US. This was not negotiable. In other words, the world is back to square one — where it started in 1992, at the Rio Conference and where US president George Bush said that his country’s lifestyle was not negotiable.

But this is also not surprising. Over the past many years, each forward shift in the position of the emerging world to resolve the climate change deadlock has only meant a backward slide and hardening of position in the rich countries. Worse, in this period, there has been aggressive and often clandestine movement to shift the very nature of the global climate agreement to suit the US. But even with all this done and the framework changed to suit the US, the country has walked away. Let us understand this climate chess game:

2009: By now it was clear that the democratic government of Barack Obama was not different from its predecessor, Bush. It was only more visible and more determined to have its way in the negotiations. All at once, the bar of compromise was shifted again. The concession made by the developing world at Bali was brushed aside as too little. The shrill call went out: China and India and all the other renegade polluters in our part of the world should state their emission reduction targets. Nobody asked what was the target the US was willing to put on the table and if this would be anywhere close to its global contribution to the problem of climate change. The pressure was on us to respond. It was also said and repeated that we were the deal breakers. India and China were not doing their bit to cut emissions. They wanted growth at all costs. This line was fed and swallowed by many Indian commentators and politicians alike.

So, we caved in and complied once again. We put out our energy intensity reduction target; we put out a national action plan on climate change. China went aggressive in building a renewable energy portfolio. Brazil went on to cut its rates of deforestation. All this was done without any matching or even similar commitments from the US. The US continued to commission and build new coal-based power stations; increase its gas guzzling vehicle fleet and everything else.

2009 Copenhagen: By now, the goal posts had been shifted again. Now, the Obama administration made it clear: nothing at all. It also stitched up a coalition of the willing with the Bush-like moto: with us or against us.

2010 Cancun: The world capitulated to bring the US on board. The Cancun agreement is based on the US demand that there will be no legally-binding global agreements on the rich countries. Instead, there would be one agreement for all. This would be based on domestic actions, based not on historical emissions but on what each country was willing to do. But all these actions would be measured, reported and verified to ensure that countries were doing what they had agreed in their to domestic plans. There would be no promise of money or technology.

In other words, a weak, ineffective deal designed by, and for, polluters. The justification was that this regime change was needed to bring the US on board. But now the US has rejected even this weak agreement. How low will the world have to “sink” to bring the world’s largest historical polluters to book?

GE Leads New Decade of Reliable Oil and Gas Innovation - 2011.02.01 –


Leaders from some of the world’s largest oil and gas exploration and production companies, including BP, Chevron, Petronas, Saudi Aramco and Woodside, are among the 1,000 industry representatives gathered in Florence, Italy to attend the 12th GE Oil & Gas Annual Meeting.

To offset the depletion of oil and gas reserves and meet demand to 2020, additional resources equivalent to approximately five (5) times the oil capacity currently produced by Saudi Arabia and four (4) times the gas capacity currently produced by Russia will be required.

USGS drops estimate of Alaska’s undiscovered oil by fully 90 percent.
October 27, 2010 Oil, Top Ten Signposts to Energy Crisis

The U.S. Geological Survey assesses conventional, undiscovered oil in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska as a fraction of a previous estimate: 896 million barrels, about 90 percent less than a 2002 estimate of 10.6 billion barrels. The reason: drilling has shown more gas than oil recently.
Tags: Alaska


The Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas (ASPO-USA) asserted today that the world is facing a significant energy crisis, as the rate of oil production cannot keep pace with demand. The world is consuming four (4) barrels of oil for every (1) discovered, more than 80 million barrels of oil per day. After 150 years of oil extraction, most major oil exporting nations are well past their supply peaks, defined by scientists as “Peak Oil.

“We are at the point of no return,” stated Jim Baldauf, President of ASPO-USA. “While global demand is accelerating, worldwide oil supply have reached a plateau and are now in decline. The era of lo-cost, easy-to-get oil has come to an end, a moment of historic significance and one fraught with danger. The Gulf of Mexico disaster occurred because the quest for new supplies requires that we drill miles beneath the ocean surface. Without affordable energy to drive our economy, we can expect price spikes and economic crisis to be the new normal. The debate about Peak Oil is over; it is time for bold action. If we do not change our current approach, we will see tremendous global repercussions.”

Today representatives from across the political spectrum came together to discuss the severity of this issue and potential solutions.


“According to the International Energy Agency, global energy demand will grow 55% by 2030. The period up to 2030, the energy supply infrastructure worldwide will require a total investment of USD 26 TRILLION, with about half of that in developing countries. If the world does not manage to green these investments by directing them into climate-friendly technologies, emissions will go up by 50% by 2050, instead of down by 5%, as science requires.”

THE OREGONIAN - January 29, 2010

Greenland’s vast ice cap melted at a record rate last year in a trend scientists say could bring a major rise in global sea level over the decades ahead. “This past melt season was exceptional, with melting in some areas stretching up to 50 days longer than average,” said Marco Tedesco, director of the Cryospheric Processes Laboratory at CCNY. Scientists say the sea level would rise by 23 feet if it were to melt entirely. June 4, 2011 . . . “Warmer oceans have increased water vapor by 4% and is expected to increase.”


As the UN Climate Summit in Cancun approaches, the insurance industry is preparing to present its case to the politicians, business leaders and scientists, who will be attending. “In our global industry insurance business alone, 40% of damages are due to storms and floods. Also, for our asset management entities, we have to watch rising temperatures. Government climate policies affect the value of companies and hence influence our investment decisions.”

Allianz noted that this appeal “is repeated annually, based on the lack of progress of both the world’s major industrial powers and the emerging countries in the race against global warming.” “What is needed are binding worldwide targets for carbon emissions. To reduce CO2 emissions governments have to provide clear and predictable climate policies for the private sector to become active. Otherwise we’ll inevitably see devastating impacts on the environment and society that will cause enormous costs for the global economy in the long run. Politicians need to take action, before it’s too late.

“Exactly 259 investors signed the statement, who together represent combined assets under management worth over 15 Trillion US dollars. This figure is equivalent to the annual GDP of the United States, or to more than 25% of the world’s total market capitalization.” - End.

It's Time for the Senate to Get to Work
U.S. SENATOR JEFFERY MERKLEY – December 17, 2010

Sadly, the Senate isn't able to do much to meet this or other challenges because it's become a dysfunctional institution where deliberation is rare and obstruction is rampant. At the heart of Senate dysfunction is the filibuster, a tool that is being regularly abused to block legislation and effectively bring the Senate to a standstill. In order to overcome obstruction and get our economy moving again, Senator Merkley is working with his colleagues to fix the filibuster and get the Senate back to work.

As it stands now, a single Senator can delay a bill from even being considered by simply making a phone call to a clerk and then going home. Senator Merkley is working to make the filibuster a public act of courage. Senators should make their case before the American people and explain why the majority is making such a colossal mistake that we should suspend normal democratic decision-making.

Our nation is facing serious challenges – from backbreaking unemployment to a persistent housing crisis. Working families can't afford Senate inaction any longer. It's time to end Senate paralysis and get to work. – END.

Energy, and especially inexpensive energy is the most valuable natural resource, and energy drives the world economy. The global reliance upon Fossil Fuels is producing Carbon Dioxide Emissions which are causing Global Climate Changes. The volume of future energy demands by the global population clearly shows the short supply of Fossil Fuels today, including the exhaustion of Fossil Fuel in the near future.

Any alternatives to Fossil Fuel such as Renewable Fuels of Bio-fuels, Solar, Wind and nuclear power (the United States imports 83% of uranium from 8 countries) for electricity generation for the use in cars, industrial requirements and domestic use, et cetera, are clearly insufficient to meet present and future economic demands, with the exception of Hydrogen obtained from the oceans which contain 11% Hydrogen, and of regenerating Hydrogen through a continuous chemical regeneration process within a closed loop system.

When adding up the energy values of renewable fuels and the usage in electric cars and national future requirements, and then comparing the energy consumption results to oil and gasoline energy values to satisfy population growth, then renewable fuels and electric cars are totally inadequate and too expensive for industrialized countries. Natural Gas Liquids have only 65% of BTU’s compared to oil. Recently, the U.S. Dept. of Energy entered into a co-op agreement with China for a joint $100 million for advanced energy research, because the U.S. auto industry, corporations and universities have failed to produce the needed technology for future energy requirements within the last 30 years, and the fuel cell research by the U.S. government was a total waste of money from the technological standpoint.

Now the U.S. wants other countries to provide the technological research and energy solutions at little or no cost to the United States. Obviously, any countries involved in energy research would obtain patent rights, and any new energy technology development will not be free for the United States. At the same time over one (1) Trillion Dollars are wasted to gain control of the Mid-East oil reserves, which then can be used to control the global economy.

My Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems have been proposed to the UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT numerous times for over 40 years, but the U.S. Government is more interested in spending over 1 Trillion Dollars per year for the Defense Department and the Military Industrial Complex for waging wars in the Mid-East over oil, which is bankrupting the United States to the tune of debts now amounting to over 14.08 Trillion Dollars.

Even at this time of economic desperation, the Unite States Senators and Congressmen are adamantly opposed to any meaningful solutions, and even condemn the educational system and practical science. The plan to shutter domestic industries and then to financially take over the world economy, while attempting of controlling the world oil supply, has resulted into a complete failure.

The United States Government is in such array and confusion, that I find it impossible to rescue the United States from their delusions of World Economic Control and their visions of 21st Century American World Domination. The economic progress and prosperity derived from the automobile, steel industry and telecommunication industries somehow are simply being scrapped from existence, in favor of global domination plans with shrill religious conversion and crusade overtones. The United States Senator Bernard Sanders disclosed on a radio program that the United States has lost 42,000 Manufacturing Companies in the last ten (10) years.


Elections come and go, but the United States is still careening toward bankruptcy. By 2020, the U.S. will be spending $1 trillion a year just to pay the interest on the national debt. Sometime between now and then the catastrophe will come. It will come with amazing swiftness. . . . the shock will be grievous, national humiliation, diminished power in the world, drastic cuts and spreading pain.

So we continue on the headlong path toward a national disaster. And along the way our dysfunctional political system will leave all sorts of other problems unaddressed: immigration, energy policy and on and on. Yet, I’m optimistic right now. I’m optimistic because while our political system is a mess, the economic and social values of the country remain sound.

Over the past few years, we have seen millions of people mobilize – some behind President Barack Obama and others around the tea parties. The country is restive and looking for alternatives. The coming movement . . . will preserve America’s standing in the world on the grounds that this supremacy is a gift to our children and a blessing for the earth. – END

The future of England, Germany, France and the rest of Europe can become an incredible experience with the full development of Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems, and will provide much greater economic development than all of the present Fossil Fuel Resources combined that is being produced and supplied by high profit oriented foreign corporations and foreign countries, which produces very limited economic progress because of exploitive fossil fuel energy pricing and profiteering. Please see website:

The low cost of energy always produces major domestic economic development, benefits and many new jobs for all industries, businesses and citizens. If an abundance of energy can be produced and supplied at 30% to 60% less costs than all Fossil Fuels for several centuries, then all other industries including the entire population will thrive and prosper. Depending upon the domestic valuations and social development system and plans, it may be possible to produce Hydrogen Energy by more than 60% in less costs compared to present Fossil Fuel energy costs. Some indications point to much better performance resulting in much lower operating costs for Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems, but before making any claims, thorough practical application tests of actual products are required for cars, trucks, electric power plants, chemical plants, agriculture and numerous other energy applications.

If most of the European Countries are able to produce all energy from hydrogen obtained from the oceans by and for themselves, and without foreign oil suppliers, then that will generate great economic progress, and then my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems can also be developed in Asia, Africa and South America.

But the United States Government simply does not care. Individual Senators and Congressmen appear to be afraid to contact me, and only acknowledge of having received my basic technical disclosure documents, and then request political donations and campaign contributions about every other day. Please see my website:

Sufficient funding is required for the multitude of Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Applications and Products and to conduct complete verifiable research by scientists and physicists, development, testing, manufacturing, production and plant installation at 2-3 ocean testing locations by participating countries, preferably on a high priority schedule, including all necessary patent work. With today’s technology, Hydrogen Energy Regeneration can be developed and used safely and very economically. Of utmost importance is to make Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems very inexpensive for all applications and for all industries before launching this permanent and great new energy resource.

With best regards,

Manfred Zysk, M.E.
Canby, Oregon 97013 – USA
Phone: 503-266-1483 – Pacific Time Zone
Cell Phone: 503-360-3384

SEPTEMBER 24, 2010

The United States Republican Party unveiled their plan for governing America on Sept. 23, 2010 and pledged to cut taxes for millionaires and billionaires; to roll back regulations on big oil and Wall Street; to increase the deficit by trillions of dollars.

The U.S. Republican Party offers no solutions to the outsourcing of American jobs; are not prepared to discuss protecting Social Security and Medicare; have no plans to invest in key industries like clean energy and manufacturing; have no plan for education or teachers; do not talk about rebuilding our crumbling roads, bridges, and railways. They’re offering up the very same agenda that put us on a path to the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression.

By: Manfred Zysk, M.E. - September 15, 2010

The Hon. President Barack Obama August 22, 2010
The Hon. Vice President Joseph Biden
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20500

cc: Dr. Steven Chu, Secretary of Energy
Mr. Kenneth Salazar, Sec. of Interior
Mr. Gary Locke, Sec. of Commerce
Ms. Janet Napolitano, Sec. of Homeland Security
Mr. Ray LaHood, Sec. of Transportation
Ms. Lisa Jackson, Environmental Protection Agency
The Hon. Senator John Kerry
The Hon. Senator Merkley
The Hon. Senator Ronald Wyden
The Hon. Congressman Ed Markey
The Hon. Congressman Kurt Schrader

Dear Mr. President Obama and Vice President Biden:

The great abundance of energy propelled the United States into a huge economic power and into a very prominent and rich country and produced huge opportunities for many people who became millionaires and billionaires. Very large companies and corporations were created by the American people, who invested into these companies and corporations, and the employees were given incentives such as employee profit sharing plans and retirement funds in addition to government sponsored social security. The American people created these millionaires, billionaires, companies and huge corporations through their hard work in this relatively empty country.

The availability of oil and gasoline produced tremendous economic progress with the national highway system, affordable cars and the transportation system up until now, when we need to import over 67% of oil from foreign countries according to IEA in April 2010. The United States economy is very dependent upon oil for transportation, and for our food supply, but when the imported and diminishing oil is becoming very expensive, or too expensive to sustain our existing lifestyle in our country, then an alternate method of energy of equal or better value has to be found to meet future demands.

Oil availability has served us and the worldwide industrialization well, but now as we are running out of inexpensive oil, we need to produce a more permanent energy source, which should replace all oil and fossil fuel energy applications. The existing remaining oil should be preserved primarily for necessary future lubrication requirements and special industrial requirements.

There is simply no other choice but to develop my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems to supply the vast amount of future energy demands for the United States and for the rest of the globe.

My evaluation in 1962 indicated that if some industries closed or left the United States, then the United States would lose not only global power, but also enter into a economic depression with far reaching consequences. As if to mock my research, the U.S. government proceeded with political power schemes at the United Nations, and with economic suppression tactics and international stock market activities on various continents. The plan to dispose of our industries and then exercise global financial control was adopted by establishing stock markets worldwide, which could be plundered, whenever convenient.

All the U.S. companies and corporations loved these great foreign opportunities, until it became clear that our government could not possibly support all these “permanent” war schemes including the bailout of our multi-national banks and corporations simultaneously and without taxation. So the plan was to develop and to acquire control over all Arab Oil Deposits through the State Department, Intelligence Activities, with the assistance of “Shock & Awe” tactics by our military and wars. Anyone who opposed our invasion and occupation of the Mid-East Countries could be subjected to imprisonment and torture including children and civilians, with full approval by the president and top government officials.

According to my estimations in 1963, the Arab countries would never give up their ownership of their oil reserves no matter how much destruction we unleash. Instead, the Arabs would fight against the occupation of their lands and rather destroy these oil fields, before we can take their precious oil away. Even our long term occupation has not changed their rightful determination to their ownership of natural resources and sovereignty of their land. My research has been proven to be correct.

During the Cuban Missile Crisis, I considered the design of a small jet plane, similar in size of a car for defense and public transportation. Please see 3 typical illustrations in Chapter 4-A of Small Jet Plane for Commercial and Defense Use in Naturally the Military Industrial Complex and our government would oppose such plans because it would interfere with their plans for total global economic control. These U.S. activities and plans were not only totally false, but rather irrational.

My small jet plane would reduce global defense spending and improve our relationship with Europe and most Asian countries, and create a more vibrant global economy. This small jet plane would consume additional fuel, and I started to research global oil deposits, but found that a new energy source was needed in the near future, in spite of the fact that the oil companies claimed that there are enough oil reserves in existence. I found that the oil companies could not be relied upon, and my research proved that we would be running out of oil soon, unless we imported oil. Therefore, I started my research with Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and for all possible applications.

In 1963, the U.S. economy was starting to become concerned about energy costs, and I conducted research for an alternative to fossil fuel, so that our industries could continue our vast technological progress and create much greater opportunities for our entire population and nation.

All the major world problems could have been avoided since about 1966, if our government really had the realization to listen to my proposal and requests for funding my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration R&D Projects. Only Hydrogen obtained from the oceans at 11%, and through a regeneration process, Hydrogen Energy would become a far more important energy resource than all the fossil fuels combined to supply all global energy needs for several centuries.

Naturally I was concerned about my personal and family safety and livelihood, because our government and the entire industries were totally intertwined with fossil fuel utilization, and my new source of energy would jeopardize this cozy fossil fuel relationship. But I realized that fossil fuel was soon coming to an end, and I had to proceed with my research past 1963, and I also realized that the oil in the Middle East could cause a devastating war by the U.S. and to the Arab countries. But our government was determined to go to war with the Arab countries and to control the world oil supply.

Today we see relatively small amounts of money being scattered into many little energy projects, of which many are owned by foreign companies and foreign countries, but overall, only small and insufficient amounts of energy will be produced for the growing United States and global population.

This is what major officials from 21 countries making up 80% of Global Gross Domestic Product and the European Union and a number of International Organizations were “Warning the World’s Current Energy Path Was Unsustainable” at U.S. talks on July 19, 2010.

My previous communication with the White House warned of abstaining from funding meaningless little energy projects, which only distort and confuse the public because the energy crisis was becoming extremely critical, and we, and other countries could be induced to go to war over foreign oil supply.

Many scientists and the Union of Concerned Scientists demanded that the government establish an Energy Science Organization similar to the “Manhattan Project.” But our government strongly objects to such innovative proposals, because the high profits of plundering by existing corporations are of greater importance, and a “Manhattan Energy Project” may be labeled as becoming socialistic by the powerful exploiters in the United States.

In order to reduce and contain the impending economic pains and hardships, I explicitly requested that all government funding be directed to coping with the energy crisis and global climate changes based upon scientific findings and approval by the U.S. and/or including the UN-IPCC and Foreign Scientific Communities.

We are now experiencing the result of this deliberate stupidity for many years, and our government still refuses to work on any meaningful climate change/energy appropriations and funding for this year. About half of our U.S. government now declares climate change to be a fraud and science is a devilish path, of which only the corporations are allowed to exploit. Unfortunately, our government seems to care little about the survival of our domestic companies, small businesses and our population. Please see website:

What are Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems?

Hydrogen Regeneration eventually eliminates all fossil fuel.
Hydrogen Regeneration produces no air pollution
Hydrogen Regeneration could reduce energy costs by approx. 30% to 60%
Hydrogen Regeneration costs less than the internal combustion engine
Hydrogen Regeneration can reduce refueling
Hydrogen Regeneration can provide better car performance
Hydrogen Regeneration requires less annual maintenance and costs
Hydrogen Regeneration reduces oxygen consumption
Hydrogen Regeneration can be designed for most energy applications
Hydrogen Energy Production plants can be located close to gulfs and oceans
Hydrogen Energy Production from ocean water can supply potable water
Hydrogen Energy Production can supply potable water for agriculture and farms
Hydrogen Energy Production can produce time-release fertilizers for arid regions
Hydrogen Energy will produce many, very valuable products
Hydrogen Energy can generate many millions of new jobs and opportunities
Hydrogen Energy can become far more valuable than all fossil fuel combined
Hydrogen Energy is most beneficial to the public and all businesses
Hydrogen Energy can eliminate our National Debt
Hydrogen Energy produces Long-Term Energy Dependability
Hydrogen Energy produces Global Economic Stability
Hydrogen Energy can reduce and eliminate Energy Wars
Hydrogen Energy can reduce needless Defense Spending and Military Operations

Hydrogen Energy is the best global energy resource for future generations and is applicable for most energy requirements and suitable for most future industries. Hydrogen Energy can produce all future global energy needs if all countries work together with organizations like the United Nations and Regional Economic Blocks such as the European Union, and many wars over energy resources can be averted.
At this time our government, companies, corporations, business establishments and the public have to realize that our economy is presently in bad shape when we need to import 67% of oil from foreign countries, but when our oil imports reach 80%, then we obviously can expect a deep depression and great losses of employment, the closing of many businesses and companies. In April, 2010 the International Energy Agency (IEA) reported that the U.S. was importing 13.47 million barrels of oil per day, or 67%.

It should also be understood that most countries would have the same energy crisis, and our world economy and foreign trade would change dramatically.

Many trivial and childish activities such as racism, religious confrontations, the Tea Baggers, hate groups, war advocates and more militarism only cause further frustrations, but nothing meaningful is being achieved to rectify existing problems of energy, global climate change, unemployment, the economy, housing, medical care, education, social security and election reform. My Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems (hydrogen 11% from ocean water) would be most instrumental to address all these problems simultaneously, provided we finally stop bickering and go to work. Above all, we need to remember that hydrogen energy regeneration is more valuable than all the fossil fuel combined and can produce many millions of new jobs. Our government needs to fund my hydrogen energy processes and systems for a broad nationwide system. I do authorize publication of all information. For additional energy information, please see my website:

With best regards,

Manfred Zysk, M.E.
Phone: 503-266-1483
Cell Phone: 503-360-3384

Joshua S Hill, Author, Writer - October 20, 2010
Much of the Globe Threatened with Drought
A large percentage of heavily populated countries could suffer severe and prolonged drought in coming decades, according to a new study which analysed 22 computer climate models and a mass of information concerning current drought conditions worldwide.

The study, conducted by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) scientist Aiguo Dai and reported as part of a longer review article in Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, finds that a continuing rise in global temperatures are likely to see a parallel increase in drought conditions across a large majority of the planet in the next three decades.


Tong Lee - Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California
Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California
Michael J. McPhaden - Pacific Marine Environmental
Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, Washington, USA – August 28, 2010

Satellite observations suggest that the intensity of El Niño events in the central equatorial Pacific (CP) has almost doubled in the past three decades, with the strongest warming occurring in 2009–10. This is related to the increasing intensity as well as occurrence frequency of the so-called CP El Niño events since the 1990s. While sea surface temperature (SST) in the CP region during El Niño years has been increasing, those during neutral and La Niña years have not. Therefore, the well-documented warming trend of the warm pool in the CP region is primarily a result of more intense El Niño events rather than a general rise of background SST. COMMENT: This further verifies that the Pacific Ocean water is warming and that the frozen methane hydrates on the ocean floor are melting, and that the frozen permafrost and tundra are thawing at accelerated rates and release more methane into the atmosphere to cause worse global climate changes.

By: Rupee News - August 24, 2010

In its 2007 report, the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change, a scientific body created by the UN, concluded that “it is very likely that hot extremes, heat waves and heavy precipitation events will continue to become more frequent.”
On August 24, 2010, IPCC chief R.K. Pachauri told Inter Press Service that “the floods of the kind that hit Pakistan may become more frequent and more intense in the future in this and other parts of the world”. Earlier this month, WMO made a similarly qualified assessment.

By RANDOLPH E. SCHMID (AP) – August 19, 2010

WASHINGTON — A new study finds that drought related to global warming is causing a decline in the world's plant productivity. Previously, warmer temperatures had led to more plant growth.

The reversal is reported in Friday's issue of the journal Science by University of Montana researchers, who worry that the result could affect growth of plants for food and fuels.

Plus, they say, if there are fewer plants, they will take up less carbon dioxide from the air, and more CO2 in the air could worsen global warming.

COMMENT BY MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. - August 26, 2010

Since Global Climate Change has been largely found technically accurate worldwide, it is now necessary to concentrate on acquiring more global data from satellites, because plant growth and food production is already reduced by approx. 6% because of global climate changes, damages and climate disasters.

In order to physically view of what is happening to our weather, we need to look at the shifting global weather patterns, as I previously disclosed. It is extremely important for satellites to continuously monitor the weather of the Arctic, the Equator and the Antarctic including the Jet Stream flow patterns from the past, present and future with dates as accurate as possible, and to come up with an overall analysis of the shifting changes in the global climate. This means that the entire global weather patterns are continuously traced every day, and any or all weather changes are recorded for comparison with previous years. Large amounts of additional carbon dioxide causes drought patterns which dry up large tracts of forests and agricultural land, which then produce more carbon dioxide, but no oxygen. Therefore, the increasing volume of carbon dioxide produces ever warmer temperatures, droughts and weather changes.

Official: Russian disaster sign of global warming
By DAVID NOWAK (AP) – 3 days ago

MOSCOW — Russia's heat wave, drought and wildfires — which have killed dozens of people and destroyed millions of acres (hectares) of wheat — are another indication that global warming is causing more weather extremes around the world, a Russian official said Monday.

Alexander Bedritsky, the Kremlin's weather adviser, also cited other disasters that he believes may be related to rising world temperatures, including Pakistan's worst floods in recorded history, and France's 2003 heat wave, which killed 15,000 people.
Taken together, they "are signs of global warming," Bedritsky, who also serves as president the World Meteorological Organization, said at a news conference.

U.S. climate change envoy Jonathan Pershing also recently said that such weather disasters are the kind of changes that could be the result of climate change. Russian firefighters, meanwhile, have succeeded in pushing back some of the country's wildfires, and meteorologists said a cold front was advancing from the northwest that would hit the Moscow region Monday, bringing heavy rains and colder temperatures.

Five-hundred blazes were still burning in Russia, but the amount of land on fire fell 15 percent in the last 24 hours, the Emergency Situations Ministry said Monday. The area covered by fires around Moscow also has nearly halved in size over the past two days, it said.

Russia's heat wave — unprecedented in 130 years of record keeping — has sparked thousands of fires, most of them in western Russia. Heat and acrid smog from the fires also blanketed Moscow for a week this month, doubling the number of recorded deaths in the city. More than 2,000 homes have been destroyed.

The blazes and drought also have cost Russia one-third of its wheat crop, prompting the government to ban wheat exports through the end of the year in a move that has sent world grain prices to new highs. The government promised subsidies to farmers and warned traders that it would closely monitor prices to protect domestic consumers.

By CHARLES J. HANLEY (AP) – 2 hours ago, August 12, 2010

NEW YORK — Floods, fires, melting ice and feverish heat: From smoke-choked Moscow to water-soaked Pakistan and the High Arctic, the planet seems to be having a midsummer breakdown. It's not just a portent of things to come, scientists say, but a sign of troubling climate change already under way.

The weather-related cataclysms of July and August fit patterns predicted by climate scientists, the Geneva-based World Meteorological Organization says — although those scientists always shy from tying individual disasters directly to global warming.

The experts now see an urgent need for better ways to forecast extreme events like Russia's heat wave and wildfires and the record deluge devastating Pakistan. They'll discuss such tools in meetings this month and next in Europe and America, under United Nations, U.S. and British government sponsorship.

"There is no time to waste," because societies must be equipped to deal with global warming, says British government climatologist Peter Stott.

He said modelers of climate systems are "very keen" to develop supercomputer modeling that would enable more detailed linking of cause and effect as a warming world shifts jet streams and other atmospheric currents. Those changes can wreak weather havoc.

The U.N.'s network of climate scientists — the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) — has long predicted that rising global temperatures would produce more frequent and intense heat waves, and more intense rainfalls. In its latest assessment, in 2007, the Nobel Prize-winning panel went beyond that. It said these trends "have already been observed," in an increase in heat waves since 1950, for example. For additional information please see website:

Still, climatologists generally refrain from blaming warming for this drought or that flood, since so many other factors also affect the day's weather.

Stott and NASA's Gavin Schmidt at the Goddard Institute of Space Studies in New York, said it's better to think in terms of odds: Warming might double the chances for a heat wave, for example. "That is exactly what's happening," Schmidt said, "a lot more warm extremes and less cold extremes."

The WMO did point out, however, that this summer's events fit the international scientists' projections of "more frequent and more intense extreme weather events due to global warming." In fact, in key cases they're a perfect fit:

It's been the hottest summer ever recorded in Russia with Moscow temperatures topping 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.8 degrees C) for the first time. The drought there has sparked hundreds of wildfires in forests and dried peat bogs, blanketing western Russia with a toxic smog. Moscow's death rate has doubled to 700 people a day. The drought reduced the wheat harvest by more than one-third.

The 2007 IPCC report predicted a doubling of disastrous droughts in Russia this century and cited studies foreseeing catastrophic fires during dry years. It also said Russia would suffer large crop losses.

The heaviest monsoon rains on record — 12 inches (300 millimeters) in one 36-hour period — have sent rivers rampaging over huge swaths of countryside. It's left 14 million Pakistanis homeless or otherwise affected, and killed 1,500. The government calls it the worst natural disaster in the nation's history.

A warmer atmosphere can hold — and discharge — more water. The 2007 IPCC report said rains have grown heavier for 40 years over north Pakistan and predicted greater flooding this century in south Asia's monsoon region.

China is witnessing its worst floods in decades, the WMO says, particularly in the northwest province of Gansu. There, floods and landslides last weekend killed at least 1,117 people and left more than 600 missing, feared swept away or buried beneath mud and debris.

The IPCC reported in 2007 that rains had increased in northwest China by up to 33 percent since 1961, and floods nationwide had increased sevenfold since the 1950s. It predicted still more frequent flooding this century.

Researchers last week spotted a 100-square-mile (260-square-kilometer) chunk of ice calved off from the great Petermann Glacier in Greenland's far northwest. It was the most massive ice island to break away in the Arctic in a half-century of observation.

The huge iceberg appeared just five months after an international scientific team published a report saying ice loss from the Greenland ice sheet is expanding up its northwest coast from the south.

Changes in the ice sheet "are happening fast, and we are definitely losing more ice mass than we had anticipated," said one of the scientists, NASA's Isabella Velicogna.
In the Arctic Ocean itself, the summer melt of the vast ice cap has reached unprecedented proportions. Satellite data show the ocean area covered by ice last month was the second-lowest ever recorded for July.

The melting of land ice into the oceans is causing about 60 percent of the accelerating rise in sea levels worldwide, with thermal expansion from warming waters causing the rest. The WMO'S World Climate Research Program says seas are rising by 1.34 inches (3.4 millimeters) per decade, about twice the 20th century's average.

Worldwide temperature readings, meanwhile, show that this January-June was the hottest first half of a year in 150 years of global climate record keeping. Meteorologists say 17 nations have recorded all-time-high temperatures in 2010, more than in any other year.

Scientists blame the warming on carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases pouring into the atmosphere from power plants, cars and trucks, furnaces and other fossil fuel-burning industrial and residential sources.

Experts are growing ever more vocal in urging sharp cutbacks in emissions, to protect the climate that has nurtured modern civilization.

"Reducing emissions is something everyone is capable of," Nanjing-based climatologist Tao Li told an academic journal in China, now the world's No. 1 emitter, ahead of the U.S. But not everyone is willing to act.

The U.S. remains the only major industrialized nation not to have legislated caps on carbon emissions, after Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid last week withdrew climate legislation in the face of resistance from Republicans and some Democrats.

The U.S. inaction, dating back to the 1990s, is a key reason global talks have bogged down for a pact to succeed the expiring Kyoto Protocol. That is the relatively weak accord on emissions cuts adhered to by all other industrialized states.

Governments around the world, especially in poorer nations that will be hard-hit, are scrambling to find ways and money to adapt to shifts in climate and rising seas.

The meetings of climatologists in the coming weeks in Paris, Britain and Colorado will be one step toward adaptation, seeking ways to identify trends in extreme events and better means of forecasting them.

A U.N. specialist in natural disasters says much more needs to be done. Salvano Briceno of the U.N.'s International Strategy for Disaster Reduction pointed to aggravating factors in the latest climate catastrophes: China's failure to stem deforestation, contributing to its deadly mudslides; Russia's poor forest management, feeding fires; and the settling of poor Pakistanis on flood plains and dry riverbeds in the densely populated country, squatters' turf that suddenly turned into torrents.

"The IPCC has already identified the influence of climate change in these disasters. That's clear," Briceno said. "But the main trend we need to look at is increasing vulnerability, the fact we have more people living in the wrong places, doing the wrong things."

AP Correspondent Christopher Bodeen in Beijing contributed to this report.
Copyright © 2010 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.


Scientists warn Congress that melting Greenland icesheet
could lead to sea level rises of seven metres (23 feet)

By: Rachel Fielding, BusinessGreen, 11 Aug 2010

The growing climate change risk for business is once again under the spotlight, after environmental experts this week warned of new evidence that global warming is contributing directly to extreme weather events and rising sea levels.

The House of Representatives committee on energy independence and global warming was today warned by a panel of scientists that the entire ice mass of Greenland will disappear from the world map if temperatures rise by as little as 2C, with severe consequences in terms of sea level increases.

The giant Greenland ice sheet made headlines last week when the Petermann Glacier, one of Greenland's largest, shed its largest chunk of ice in nearly half a century, sending a 100 sq mile chunk of ice drifting into the North Strait between Greenland and Canada.

Richard Alley, a geosciences professor at Pennsylvania State University, warned that Greenland faces an even grimmer future, with yet more icebergs predicted to fall into the sea because of rising temperatures.

The fall-out would be felt thousands of miles away from the Arctic, unleashing a global sea level rise of up to 23ft (7 metres), warned Alley.

"What is going on in the Arctic now is the biggest and fastest thing that nature has ever done," he told the briefing in Congress.

Robert Bindschadler, a research scientist at the University of Maryland, added: "While we don't believe it is possible to lose an ice sheet within a decade, we do believe it is possible to reach a tipping point in a few decades in which we would lose the ice sheet in a century."

The loss of the ice sheet would result in hundreds of coastal cities around the world being inundated and would pose an unprecedented threat to the global economy.
Meanwhile, researchers also warned this week that global climate change is at least partly responsible for the abnormally hot and dry weather in Moscow.

Experts from the environmental group WWF Russia have linked climate change with the record high temperatures that have afflicted Moscow over past few weeks, leading to raging wildfires around the Russian capital that have driven airborne pollutants levels to the worst ever recorded in the region.

Jeff Knight, a climate variability scientist at the UK Met Office, attributed the situation in Moscow to a number of factors, among them steadily rising greenhouse gas concentrations.

The Moscow health department said that the number of people dying daily in the city had reached about 700 - twice the usual number.

Experts are now warning that deadly heat waves are likely to become more frequent as a result of climate change.

"In a few decades, fires may affect the main forest regions of Russia," head of the climate and energy programme at WWF Russia Dr Alexei Kokorin said. "Of course, there are a lot less people living there, but we could lose a lot more forests. We can now say that the wave of abnormal phenomena that the rest of the world has been experiencing has finally reached central Russia."

The warnings come just days after environment secretary Caroline Spelman called on UK companies to urgently improve their resilience to climate change, warning that too many were not prepared for the changes to weather patterns that climate change will inevitably bring.

The results of a survey released by Defra last week found that while three quarters of businesses were concerned about the potential impact of climate change, less than a quarter had actually started to do something about the risks and opportunities that it presents. Please see website:


By: Bill McKibben, The Sunday Oregonian - Aug. 8, 2010
Nine nations so far have set their all-time temperature records this year, including Russia (111 degrees), Niger (118 degrees), Sudan (121 degrees), Saudi Arabia and Iraq (126 degrees), and Pakistan, which also set the new all-time Asia record in May – a hair under 130 degrees.

A “staggering” new study from Canadian researchers has shown that warmer seawater has reduced phytoplankton, the base of the marine food chain, by 40% since 1950.

We’re not going to get the Senate to act next week, or maybe even next year. We may need to get arrested. We definitely will need disciplined, nonviolent but very real anger. Mostly, we need to tell the truth, resolutely and constantly. Fossil fuel is wrecking the one Earth we’ve got. It’s not going to go away because we ask politely. If we want a world that works, we’re going to have to raise our voices. Bill McKibben “Earch: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet.”

By: Editor, LJ - August 7, 2010

In 2007, a United Nations panel on climate change made up of 170 scientists warned us that greenhouse gas emissions have increased 70% between 1970 and 2004 and average warming over the past 50 years is very likely (a probability of over 90%) due to greenhouse gas increases.

By: CORDIS FP6: News -- August 5, 2010

Lead author Erick Roeckner of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany predicts that CO2 emissions will climb by 3 billion tons of carbon to about 10 billion tons in 2015, and to ensure long-term stabilization of the atmospheric CO2 concentrations, emissions have to be cut by 56% in 40 years and approach zero emissions after 2050. “It will take centuries for the global climate system to stabilize,” Dr. Roeckner said.

Staff Report, Daily Times - August 4, 2010

Islamabad: Climate Change and Global Warming are adversely affecting the world and recent heavy downpours that broke the 35-year-old records caused by global climate change, said Federal Minister for Environment Hameedullah Jan Afridi. For additional information please see website:


A new report from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration lists 10 indicators that global warming is happening: rising humidity; rising sea surface temperature as well as heat stored in deeper waters; shrinking sea ice; glacier and springtime snow cover; rising temperatures over land and sea; and rising sea levels.

All point to a rapidly warming world. And all are based on actual observations, from satellites high in the sky to meteorological stations in the middle of a Kansas cornfield.


The discovery by a British research team that the Greenland Ice Sheet has seen a rapidly accelerating rate of melt, has revived fears that Global Warming is still a serious threat to the planet.

According to Dr. Alun Hubbard, who is leading a team from the Universities of Swansea and Aberystwyth, the ice sheet in their region has lowered six meters (19 feet, 6 inches) in just one month. As the ice turns to liquid, the surface reflects less of the Sun, thus accelerating the melt.


The North American Great Lakes are 15 degrees Fahrenheit above normal this summer, approaching record warmth in some areas due to a shortened winter season with scarce ice, followed with a warm spring.


Major officials from 21 countries making up 80% of Global Gross Domestic Product with a top policy board and the European Union and a number of international organizations were warning the world’s current energy path was unsustainable.

“Without major changes to the way we produce and in energy use, we will confront untenable risks to our collective energy security and to the environment in the future,” Nobuo Tanaka, executive director of the International Energy Agency (IEA) told the delegates.

The IEA, which advises advanced economies, said in a recent study that without a shift from fossil fuels, energy-related carbon dioxide emissions – which are blamed for global warming – would nearly double by 2050. Please see website:

BP America, Exploration and Production Technology Group, 501 Westlake Park Boulevard, Houston, TX 77079, USA

Received 9 May 2003;
accepted 19 November 2003.
Available online 6 February 2004.


It is generally assumed that oceanic gas hydrates contain a huge volume of natural gases, mainly methane. The most widely cited estimate of global hydrate-bound gas is 21×1015 m3 of methane at STP (or 10,000 Gt (or 10 Trillion tons) of methane carbon), which is proposed as a “consensus value” from several independent estimations. This large gas hydrate reservoir is further suggested as an important component of the global carbon cycle and as a future energy source. Here, I present a revised and updated set of well-justified global estimates and discuss how and why they changed over time. It appears that the global estimates of hydrate-bound gas decreased by at least one order of magnitude from 1970s–early 1980s (estimates on the order of 1017–1018 m3) to late 1980s–early 1990s (1016 m3) to late 1990s–present (1014–1015 m3).

The decrease of estimates is a result of growing knowledge of the distribution and concentration of gas hydrates in marine sediments and ongoing efforts to better constrain the volume of hydrate-bearing sediments and their gas yield. These parameters appear to be relatively well constrained at present through DSDP/ODP drilling and direct measurements of gas concentrations in sediments.

The global estimate of hydrate-bound gas that best reflects the current knowledge of submarine gas hydrate is in the range (1–5)×1015 m3 ( 500–2500 Gt (or 500 Billion-2.5 trillion tons) of methane carbon). A significantly smaller global gas hydrate inventory implies that the role of gas hydrates in the global carbon cycle may not be as significant as speculated previously.

Gas hydrate may be considered a future energy source not because the global volume of hydrate-bound gas is large, but because some individual gas hydrate accumulations may contain significant and concentrated resources that may be profitably recovered in the future.

I, Manfred Zysk, previously have published several estimations of frozen methane hydrate deposits on the ocean floor amounting to 3.0 Trillion tons, and additional frozen methane hydrate deposits in the tundra and permafrost regions of Canada and Russia amounting to approximately 1.5 Trillion tons of methane for a combined total of up to 4.5 Trillion tons of methane.

As previously stated, large amounts of methane are now thawing on the ocean floor because of warmer ocean waters, and the tundra and permafrost is melting and releases large amounts of methane because of warmer air temperatures. On August 15, 2010, Fairbanks, Alaska’s temperature was 88 degrees Fahrenheit, and the all-time previous record some years ago was 82 degrees Fahrenheit.

The temperatures for Fairbanks, Alaska have been very warm for more than 1 year, and have very frequently been warmer than Seattle, Portland, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. The temperature today for Los Angeles was 86 degrees, and Fairbanks, Alaska was tied with Honolulu at 88 degrees Fahrenheit.

With best regards,

Manfred Zysk, M.E.


By: Manfred Zysk, May 28, 2010

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) was founded in 1848, was granted a congressional charter in 1863, and today serves some 262 affiliated societies and academies of science with an estimated readership of one (1) million. This Association publishes the magazine Science which is the largest paid circulation general science journal in the world with an estimated 1 million readership to serve society through initiatives in science policy, international programs, including newsletters, books, research reports, science education and the premier science-news website: EurekAlert!

AAAS is a global organization dedicated to advancing science around the world by serving as an educator, leader, and spokesperson for and with professional associations. AAAS has nearly 120,000 individual and institutional members comprising 12 Board of Directors, 69 Council Members, 19 Academic Commissioners from Universities, Technical Associations and Institutions; 3 Corporate Commissioners, 20 Non-Profit Commissioners from professional institutions – Physical Society, Nuclear Society, Biomedical Society, Engineering Society, and National Academies, et cetera; 11 Academic Commissioners from major universities; 13 Corporate Commissioners from Chemical, High-Tech, Engineering, Consumer Products, a major Oil Corporation, IBM, and Science Research Companies; 36 Non-Profit Commissioners from American Chemical Society, Geological Institute, Geographical Union, Institute of Physics, Mathematical Society, Physiological Society, American Medical Colleges, Bureau of Labor Statistics, et cetera.

AAAS and EurekAlert! have published numerous reports about AMERICA’S CLIMATE CHOICES; NEW CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS UNDERSCORE NEED FOR ACTION; ADVANCING THE SCIENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE; LIMITING THE MAGNITUDE OF FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGE, AND ADAPTING TO THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE with up to date reports in the future such as INFORMING AN EFFECTIVE RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE for shaping the policy choices underlying the nation’s efforts to confront climate change.

AAAS letter to Senator – October 21, 2009
As you consider climate change legislation, we, as leaders of scientific organizations, write to state the consensus scientific view.

“Observations throughout the world make it clear that climate change is occurring, and rigorous scientific research demonstrates that the greenhouse gases emitted by human activities are the primary driver. These conclusions are based on multiple independent lines of evidence, and contrary assertions are inconsistent with an objective assessment of the vast body of peer–reviewed science. Moreover, there is strong evidence that ongoing climate change will have broad impacts on society, including the global economy and on the environment.”

We in the scientific community offer our assistance to inform your deliberations as you seek to address the impacts of climate change. Please see website:



The National Academy of Sciences (NAC) panel concluded that climate change is largely caused by human activities by burning fossil fuel and destroying rain forests, which poses significant threat to public health and the global environment.

The second report urged the United States to significantly reduce global warming emissions because of severe risks associated with climate change, and the third report calls for a national strategy to prepare for social adaptations and economic changes due to current and impending climate changes that are now unavoidable. This report recommends that the government provide technical and scientific information to the public, the business sector, local governments and state governments for providing assistance toward any likely adaptations caused by more extreme weather events, floods and droughts.

The National Academy of Sciences has 2,100 members, 350 foreign associates with almost 200 Nobel Laureates, who are affiliated in 31 disciplinary fields of expertise such as Aerospace, Bioengineering, Chemical, Civil, Computer Sciences, Electric Power/Energy Systems, Electronics, Industrial, Manufacturing, Materials, Mechanical, and Earth Resources Engineering. In 1863 Abraham Lincoln established the National Academy of Science and was later expanded to include the National Research Council, the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine. The leaders of the U.S. often seek the advice from NAC committees composed of the nation’s foremost scientists, engineers and leading experts for improving the health, education, economy and welfare of the population of this nation. An estimated two (2) million practicing engineers do research and develop new products in the United States.

The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) regards the NAC as: “They are deservedly a premier source of influential scientific guidance.” “The future is in our hands for the first time in history, we are now choosing the climate our children will inherit. The best available science makes clear that America’s climate choices must not be further delayed or distracted by shameful efforts to sow confusion and discord. It is time for the American people to call upon the Senate to act swiftly and decisively to significantly reduce our reliance on polluting fossil fuels.

“The NAC report should put to rest the unfounded contrary assertions advanced by special interests and help clarify the fact that our nation’s most distinguished scientists are unified in their support of this core message: Man-made climate change is real and we need to address it now.” For additional information please see website:


The National Research Council was established in 1916 and its mission is to improve government decision making and public policy, to promote public education and understanding of knowledge with expert advice based on sound scientific evidence in matters involving science, engineering, technology and health to elected leaders, policy makers and the public to improve the lives of people in the United States and the world by 6,000 of the world’s top scientists, engineers and professionals who volunteer their time without compensation.


Each year, the National Science Foundation (NSF) supports an average of about 200,000 scientists, engineers, educators and students at universities, laboratories and field sites all over the United States and throughout the world to further the progress and research toward products and services that boost the economy and improve general health and well-being. NSF supports science and engineering research and education in Biological Sciences, Computer and Information Science and Engineering, Engineering, Geosciences, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences, and Education and Human Resources.


The American Political Science Association is the world’s largest professional organization for the study of politics with a membership of 15,000 residing in over 80 countries worldwide. Political scientists use both humanistic and scientific perspectives and tools and a variety of methodological approaches to examine the process, systems, and political dynamics of all countries and regions of the world, with emphasis on health, the environment and civil rights in American politics and international affairs.


The National Association of Engineers comprises 9,667 national and some international engineering associations with memberships from every engineering field such as Architecture, Civil Engineers, Engineering Student Councils, Women Engineers, Energy Engineers, AACE International, Radio and Communication Engineers, Academy of Forensic Engineers, IEEE-382,400 members in 160 countries, ASME-1,571,900 members, Professional Engineers-45,000 members, American Institute of Chemical Engineers-40,000 members, American Society of Safety Engineers-33,000 members, American Soc. of Civil Engineers-142,300 members, American Soc. of Black Engineers-33,000 members, Society of Automotive Engineers-80,000 members, American Federation of Teachers-1,400,000 members, American Soc. of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning International-51,000 members, American Soc. of Manufacturing Engineering-750,000-1,000,000 Tool Makers/Machinists/Operators/Program-mers for 126,000 U.S. companies (97,000 magazine subscribers), American Soc. of Plumbing Engineers-7,000 members, American Engineering and Consulting Firms-5,300+.


The Consortium consists of 41 associations, societies, academies and councils; 54 universities, 12 centers and institutes and is an advocate for social and behavioral sciences. Primary functions involve fundamental economic research and science to improve people’s knowledge, lives and fostering human progress through a large spectrum of occupations, academia and professions and to basically serve the entire population of the United States.


The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is an independent, nonprofit organization that works outside of government to provide unbiased and authoritative advice to decision makers and the public to improve the health of this nation. The IOM has 8580 members. Each year, more than 2,000 individuals, members and nonmembers volunteer their time, knowledge, and expertise to advance the nation’s health through the work of the Institute of Medicine. IOM recommendations have shaped health policies to improve the lives of millions of people nationally and around the world. Please see website:

By: Manfred Zysk, M.E. - May 27, 2010

Primary dangers to the United States are mostly generated by internal politics, unjustifiable foreign wars over energy (oil), unjustifiable defense spending, economic exploitation of citizens, stock market speculation (flash trading), destructive capitalism, fossil fuel and energy depletion, global climate change and possible climate change economic/social consequences upon the United States and globally.

From a surplus of $8 Billion, our government now has generated a national debt of $13 Trillion. This happened primarily due to the last 20 years of war in the Middle East countries. These wars are not against foreign military forces or armies, but against civilians, women and children, and are over the access, exploitation and control of oil and natural gas deposits and resources.

The Defense Department has been receiving well over $1 Trillion annually and has absolutely nothing to show for this waste of money, while the wars are funded separately with borrowed money from other countries. The Trillions of borrowed money has many economic consequences such as the devaluation of the dollar, reduction in foreign trade, higher unemployment, higher cost of living, reductions in public services such as transportation, education, medical care, social security benefits, more competitiveness with foreign companies and imported goods, outsourcing of jobs to foreign countries, importation of cheap foreign laborers, massive bankruptcies, home foreclosures, restructuring of home loans, and a record of 49 million American citizens now live in poverty, and 27 million citizens unemployed, underemployed and disposed.

At this point there is little indication that a sufficient economic reversal is in sight. Most of the entire government, departments and federal agencies are either owned or controlled by the companies and corporations and their high profiteering demands take precedence over public needs and existing social programs. The banks are too big to fail and have to be bailed out financially with Trillions of Dollars after selling bogus unsecured bonds, securities and financial unsecured instruments to foreign countries. It was reported that a group of financiers planned the current financial crisis of Greece, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Ireland and others in order to bring down the European Union and their economy.

The United States is not immune from an economic collapse because Wall Street and the Stock Market are now involved in what is called “FLASH TRADING.” Large stock brokerage firms with supercomputers can execute huge volumes of trades in less than one (1) second. Programmed Supercomputers have the capability to force a stock market drop of 2,000 points within about 3 minutes, and the 1,000 point drop last week could be just a practice run for future stock manipulation and stock fraud. The global stock markets are not legitimate investment operations any longer, but now the global stock markets have become illegal and criminal financial exploiters. The United States government has not made any efforts to stop the possible collapse of the domestic stock market, or to warn the global stock markets.

Destructive Capitalism is when some industries and corporations wield complete power over the United States and other countries, including with the determined use of absolute military power and worldwide weapons sales. This is done by the infiltration into the lives of average citizens with influences and coercion by the news media, the utilization of shady or misinformation to the educational system and universities, and for the consumption to very many organizations, fraternities, institutes, foundations, societies, associations and academies.

The American people are herded like in a cattle drive into fascism, very similar to the era of Nazi Germany. I am not being unreasonably critical, but my concern is our democracy and the future of this country when the Constitution is invalidated, Civil Rights are eliminated, any person and citizen can be arrested without cause by our government, then this is what the Gestapo did in Nazi Germany, and this is what Soviet Russia did to fill the Gulags with thousands of people without cause or legal processes. Huge job losses and financial problems lead to greater family problems, racism, crime and desperation for survival.

This is what we are experiencing in the USA today with the ordinary working class who fear of being unemployed, less educated people who are driven into poverty, and the “Tea Baggers” vow to throw the bums out of Washington, D.C., but will vote into public office the same ilk that comes from the same rotting political system that have caused our economic misery in the first place. The “Tea Baggers” obliviously fail to recognize that their organization is sponsored by political opportunists and corrupt corporations, who hide in the background of such subversive activities to denounce science, denounce education, oil depletion, global climate changes, public healthcare, public medical care, and social security including retirement benefits in hope of swindling, plundering and stealing the remainder of this country’s wealth.

I need to remind my fellow American citizens that such promulgated Un-American activities are against the public interest, public welfare and these deliberate activities against the livelihood and pursuit of happiness of the general public are acts of treason as clearly stated in the Constitution as “Acts of Treason.” Sadly, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights are barely taught in the public school system in order to deprive our citizens of the basic rights provided by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Before I could enter the United States at the age of 15, I had to swear not to overthrow the US government. This gave me considerable apprehension as to why I should set foot onto the soil of this country, or to obligate myself to military duty without citizenship, but then I decided to see if it was really worthwhile.

Through my very hard work, determination and a lifetime of research, I admit of being a failure on account of intentional abuse and lawlessness by our government and corporations, but then again our government, corporations, the USA and the world are the beneficiaries of our utter neglect, greed, corruption and criminalities, because most or none of the world crisis’s and problems needed to occur. Our government in cooperation with government agencies, and various government departments in collusion with companies and corporations actively engage in unethical and criminal activities in domestic and foreign policies, and the stealing and the control of all types of technology and science for decades, which are of great national and global economy value.

In the late 1940s there was some concern about fossil fuel depletion and many scientists claimed that nuclear energy could be produced so cheap, that it would hardly pay to measure the cost of generated electricity. The big problem with electricity is the small energy value compared to oil or gasoline. But I realized that oil deposits are limited and world oil fields are inadequate to sustain the human race for centuries. Since then oil discoveries made oil the predominant energy source because of improvements of the internal combustion engine for the automobile and the transportation industry.

Some scientists were tinkering with all sorts of concepts, including perpetual motion, but perpetual motion was obviously considered an impossibility by the academia and universities.

My earnest research to build a small affordable jet plane for public transportation in 1963, the issue of oil, gasoline and adequate global fuel resources became most important. I therefore research the existence of present oil deposits, possible global oil deposits, and new methods of oil exploration. The oil companies claimed to have sufficient oil reserves for future demands, but regardless, I did not believe the oil companies, since my research data showed the US being depleted of oil about in 1977, and we needed to import oil. Therefore I researched for an alternative to oil or fossil fuel.

Hydrogen regeneration was the only energy source that can be formulated into much more powerful combustion than gasoline through chemical reactions which allow the excess energy to regenerate the chemical elements and components in a closed loop process for the merging of chemical elements into powerful reactions as well as the separation of these chemical elements several times over, and or for extended periods of time, depending upon the chemical formulas. This needed to be researched, and required much money.

After contacting the government for Research and Development funding, including the vaporization of gasoline, I experienced all sorts of serious problems and complications ever since, which could easily cover several volumes of books.

I urge all organizations, associations, universities, the national educational system and professions to demand the full reinstatement of the Constitution, The Bill of Rights and Civil Rights and to firmly apply all necessary legal means to deal with violators of previous established laws. In addition, all wars that are directed against civilians of men, women and children such as in Iraq, Afghanistan, Palestine and Pakistan involving high technology, electronic particle beams, germ and biological warfare agents, spent uranium weapons, nuclear and chemical agents and economic suppression of any kind are crimes against humanity and have to be prosecuted.

Of substantial concern is any research and development of numerous types of hydrogen weapons. There is absolutely no need or justification for developing hydrogen weapons today, and any country or governments that develops any hydrogen weapons is engaged in threatening the security of another country. We should all strongly oppose the creation and proliferation of another irrational nuclear war era, while we have 49 million American citizens living in poverty, and 27 million citizens are unemployed, underemployed and permanently disposed. Any research and development of hydrogen weapons is absolutely criminal and has to be condemned by all countries. Hydrogen energy can be developed safely as a substitute for fossil fuel and to serve humanity for several hundred years. An abundance of inexpensive energy should be our primary global aim.

Global Climate Changes are now upon this planet that is caused primarily by the industrialization of the world population. The majority of the world population are contributors to the continuous release of green house gases and carbon dioxide with 60% of total emissions. All industries and businesses suddenly feel threatened by the realization that their businesses will have to reduce their operations in order to use less carbon dioxide emitting fossil fuels.

The worst offenders of green house gas emissions lie, cheat and do anything to protect their business operations and profits, and do not want anything to interfere with their global dominating business plans. Therefore all sorts of schemes are devised by governments to sidestep effective demands and laws, such as engaging in carbon trading with less carbon emitting companies, industries and among countries. Instead of controlling this pending global disaster, the already existing climate change problems are intentionally allowed to become worse and will have enormous global economic consequences.

The weather reports in the last few weeks of Fairbanks, Alaska have been unusually warm and today on May 25, 2010, the temperature in Fairbanks reached a high of 77 degrees F. The Fairbanks temperatures were substantially higher than Seattle 66F, Portland 61F, San Francisco 63F, and Los Angeles 70 degrees F.

By Manfred Zysk, M.E. – May 19, 2010
Publication is authorized by author

E-mails sent to: The White House, 95 U.S. Senators on April 22-23/2010
Members on the Council of Foreign Relations on May 1-2/ 2010
Members on the National Security Council on May 1-3/2010


Berlin – The heads of the world’s five top financial and economic organizations called on Wednesday for climate change to remain a key issue and the global fight against climate change must remain a top priority by the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Economy Co-operation and Development and the International Labour Organization.

The Union of Concerned Scientists representing 250,000 member citizens and scientists with 31 national organizations and millions of Americans who support strong clean energy and climate change legislation, we write to urge the U.S. Senate not to squander the great promise of by-partisan action we’ve witnessed over the last six months to create jobs, strengthen our national security, and reduce carbon pollution. We can’t afford to delay action any longer; we urge the Senate to take up a comprehensive energy and climate bill in June. Without a comprehensive policy, we cannot end the practice of exporting $1 billion a day for foreign oil and will remain at the whim of hostile regimes.


The Geological Society of America (GSA) concurs with assessments by the National Academies of Science (2005), the National Research Council (2006), and the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) that global climate has warmed and that human activities (mainly greenhouse gas emissions) account for most the warming since the middle 1900s.

In the face of heightened attacks on climate scientists, the Geological Society of America has made a strong statement calling on their membership to engage – forcefully – in the public discussion of climate change issues.

More importantly, the Geological Society of America is recommending that its membership (22,000+) to become active participants in discussion of climate change debate, including to actively participate in professional education and discussion activities to be technically informed about the latest advances in climate science.

GSA should encourage symposia at regional, national and international meeting to inform members on mainstream understanding among geoscientists and climate scientists or the causes and future effects of global warming within the broader context of natural variability. Engage in public activities in the community, including the local level. Public education is a critical element of a proactive response to the challenges presented by global climate change. GSA members are encouraged to take an active part in outreach activities to educate the public at all levels (local, regional, national and international) about the science of global warming and the important of geological research in framing policy development.

GSA members are encouraged to discuss with businesses and policy makers the science of global warming, as well as opportunities for transitioning from our predominant dependence on fossil fuels to greater use of low-carbon energies and energy efficiencies.


Emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities are changing the atmosphere in ways that affect the Earth’s climate. They are emitted from fossil fuel combustion and a range of industrial and agricultural processes.

The evidence is incontrovertible: Global warming is occurring. If no mitigating actions are taken, significant disruptions in the Earth’s physical and ecological systems, social systems, security and human health are likely to occur. We must reduce emissions of greenhouse gases beginning now. For additional information please see:

Because of the complexity of the climate makes accurate predictions difficult, the APS urges an enhanced effort to understand the effects of human activity on the Earth’s climate, and to provide the technological options for meeting the climate challenge in the near and longer terms. The APS also urges governments, universities, national laboratories and its membership to support policies and actions that will reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.

The American Physical Society with over 48,000 members is the leading U.S. organization for the advancement in physics and science education in cooperation with physical societies worldwide.

Whenever a natural resource is being depleted, or becomes scarce and/or too expensive such as copper, aluminum, oil, coal and natural gas, then logically an alternative resource needs to be developed. The U.S. Energy Information Administration insists that the world will “require new oil production equivalent to three (3) Saudi Arabia’s by 2025” to meet projected growing global demand, which requires exploration, permitting, drilling, production, pipelines, tankers, storage facilities and refineries.


The decline rate in oil production in existing fields dropped in 2007 from 3.7% to 6.7% a year. If production continues to drop for 10 years between 4% and 6.7%, then the depletion in existing oil fields would amount to 40% and 67% in 2020.

Data released on April 8, 2010, shows the U.S. imports 13.47 million barrels per day (67%), which is more than the daily production of Saudi Arabia and about 1/3 of world oil production. The Department of Energy estimates all known and existing oil discoveries and production will enter a slow persistent decline beginning in 2012. DOE data shows a 10 million barrel per day shortfall between supply and demand within 5 years. This global oil shortfall can have large impacts on global gasoline prices, jobs, transportation, foreign trade, currencies and the global economy. Any remaining oil in the U.S. and off-shore would take about 10 years to develop, and quantities are unknown, which is also too little too late.

The entire world became addicted to oil and fossil fuel, and the entire global energy industries and governments ignored the early warnings by some concerned individuals like me in the early 1960s. Much more available energy was needed for future products and population growth. Even under the best of circumstances today, all the oil corporations and the entire energy industry are not able to fulfill the future global oil and energy needs any longer, regardless of their futile protestations and claims.

Denials of fossil fuel depletion are made while at the same time wars are being waged over oil and fossil fuel in the Mid-East and other regions. Likewise, denials about global climate changes, due to carbon dioxide emissions and nuclear radiation emissions into the atmosphere are now being waged with a global war-like propaganda operation from all directions, including the use of religious fanaticism.

The American Institute, Heartland Institute, Cato Institute, American Petroleum Institute, Americans for Prosperity, Koch Industries, Universities such as Harvard-Smithsonian Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Virginia, John Birch Society, Scientists and about 40 climate denial groups, scientists at various universities and national news media are funded by utility companies, coal companies, oil companies and the automobile industry for over 20 years. On several occasions, I submitted verified factual information to the Heartland Institute editors and management, and to right-wing organizations, but they relentlessly publish deceptive and false information. These rigid organizations with their direct influence in government have become a national/global liability, and are obstructing the development of the world population. No plans exist for managing the needs of the growing national/global population in the future. Solutions are required very soon, or yesterday.

The inflicted global economic damages from diminishing and costly energy resources, with continued CO2 emissions from remaining fossil fuel, combined with the environmental damages caused by accelerating global climate changes, can easily develop into a condition where an economic recovery may take many years, or more than a generation. The only readily available energy resource for global population sustainability is hydrogen (11%), obtained from the oceans and by developing my proposed hydrogen energy regeneration processes to replace fossil fuel, which require a large national/ international hydrogen energy development program.

The disavowal of Fossil Fuel Depletion, Global Climate Change denials, and to do nothing from evident dimwits, are obviously not the solution and can lead to national economic suicide. The most despicable and criminal tactics are being used by planting erroneous and false information and then using these fabrications and false information to befuddle the public to justify any illegal and criminal activities by companies, corporations, military, intelligence organizations and governments for exploitive schemes, corrupt politics and for inducing wars, which have global economic implications. According to historical evidence, the same irrational tactics are now re-enacted and imposed upon populations with few new gimmicks, but with a litany of denials. Major U.S. News Networks have sunk so low that they even deny and lie about the changes in the climate and the weather. Unbelievable, but disgracefully true. How can this be happening! A senator on the radio stated the lobbying by corporations amount to over $300 million, and our government virtually has ceased to function as a legitimate government.

The time has come for everyone to understand that the era of fossil fuel is shortly coming to an end. It means that every person, small businesses, companies and corporations have to recognize that a substitute to fossil fuel is urgently needed. If and when public funds are used, then the most economical and beneficial energy plans need to be implemented in the public and business interests. Present maximizing profit schemes have to be shelved, and every effort has to be made to unify the public and develop a workable economic system we all can be proud of, and then fully appreciate our hard work and accomplishments. This can be a most gratifying and lasting experience with an abundance of opportunities. For additional information please see website:

The USA used to be known as the world leader in education, technology and innovation, but now for reasons of maximizing profit motives and greed, the USA cannot save itself from its created disintegration and probable economic disaster. The USA has become evidently impotent and suicidal, and its government demands and insists upon its own economic destruction by any and all possible means. The American economy is based solely on consumerism. The bankrupt U.S. banks have taken federal bail-out money and invested the funds into government securities, yielding 3% interest. Credit card interest charges are suddenly raised to 25% and 30%, generating additional huge debts onto credit card accounts, and fueling the financial/economic crisis. This is not capitalism, it is simply greed driven into frantic economic cannibalism and sheer insanity. When the American economy has been reduced to the lowest wages in the world, then all our multi-national corporations are not able to sell imported goods any longer, because the American public is so dependent upon imports, but is not able to afford these imports any more. America has become the New Roman Empire and is running out of energy and steam, and its leaders are not courageous enough to approve of new energy solutions for fear that most countries would and could become energy independent from the United States. The pipedream of world domination is coming to an end.

40% of global carbon dioxide emissions come from natural sources, but 60% of carbon dioxide emissions come from industrial and man-made sources.

Quote from President Barack Obama: “The threat from climate change is serious, it is urgent, and it is growing. Our generation’s response to this challenge will be judged by history, for if we fail to meet it – boldly, swiftly, and together – we risk consigning future generations to an irreversible catastrophe.”

April 14, 2010

March 2010 was the warmest March on record, based on the world’s combined global land and ocean surface temperatures, and that the period from January to March was the fourth warmest the planet has seen with a rise in temperature of 1.19F above the 20th century average. The March worldwide land surface temperature was 2.45F above the 20th century average. Anomalies can change this data.

Reuters, March 15, 2010

Johan Stroem of the Norwegian Polar Institute and Stockholm University compiled CO2 data from the Arctic Svalbard Archipelago for early March 2009 measuring 393.17 ppm, and early March 2010 measuring 393.71 ppm of CO2. The economic recession did not reduce the CO2 emissions as was expected. Kim Holmen at the Norwegian Polar Institute said: the data “seem to show that we continue to emit as if there was no tomorrow.” A 2009 study of the ocean off Africa indicate carbon levels in the atmosphere were at their highest in 2.1 million years.

As I previously published, tropical air currents warm the oceans which continually produce more moisture into the atmosphere. Heat is energy which can produce major wind storms, tornados and hurricanes. A continuous generation of heat pushes warm air masses into the arctic to melt permafrost, and warmer ocean air currents are thawing the Arctic ice shelves from above the sea surface, and the warmer ocean waters below the sea surface are melting the Arctic ice shelves from below the sea surface, and is melting the frozen methane hydrates which are located on the ocean floor worldwide and around all continents. The annual emissions of methane hydrates amount to 440 million tons and are the equivalent between 11 billion to 13.2 billion tons of Carbon Dioxide.

Continuous 24-hour heat generation forces these air masses to condense into the Arctic regions as well as into the Antarctic regions and produces air turbulences. The continuous accumulation of condensed air masses from the Arctic are then forced to move southward and bring major snow storms during the winter months, but when being fronted and converged with warm moisture laden air masses from the tropical regions, then the combined air masses produce large rain storms and flooding. Electricity and heat produce stronger air currents and have a cooling effect upon the global atmosphere.

As the seasons change into summer, the tropical and sub-tropical regions become continuously hotter and produce shifting weather patterns, droughts, deserts, crop failures, hurricanes, tornadoes, electricity brownouts, and major economic damages. Similarly, this happens at the Antarctic and in the Southern Hemisphere as well, except that most of the total Earth land mass amounting to 29.1% (148.6 million sq. km) 13.9 million sq. miles is located in the Northern Hemisphere, where most of the economic damages are expected to occur. Pease see my website:

Most of the world surface area is covered by the oceans and amount to 70.9% (361.4 million sq. km) 57.4 million sq. miles, and the Southern Hemisphere disproportionally contains most of the ocean waters with 82.3%. This means that the melting ice and water is mostly distributed into the Southern Hemisphere, and can affect the balance of the Earth, by shifting the Magnetic North Pole by approximately 9 miles (15 kilometers) annually towards Russia, and has a daily elliptical movement of 50 miles (80 kilometers) from its center point according to verified research. After approximately 400 years of relative calm, the North Magnetic Pole has moved about 685 miles (1100 km) northwest in the last 100 years, and is expected to reach Siberia in about 50 years.

National Geographic News – December 15, 2005

New research shows the pole moving at rapid clip – 25 miles (40 kilometers) a year. The movement of the pole definitely appears to be accelerating. The last pole reversals occurred 780,000 years ago and have taken place about 400 times in the last 330 million years. Joe Stoner, a paleomagnetist at Oregon State University said: “It’s probably just a normal wandering of the pole.” (This would be about 250 miles or 400 kilometers of shifting of the Arctic Pole and some shifting of the Equator just in the next ten (10) years.)

National Geographic News – December 24, 2009

Earth’s north magnetic pole is racing toward Russia at almost 40 mile (64 kilometers) a year due to magnetic changes in the planet’s core, new research says. (This would be about 400 miles or 640 kilometers in only 10 years time. This explains the lower magnetism of the North Pole, because the Earth’s core is shifting as well. The big question is how far the Arctic Pole can continue to shift in view of the present Earth gravitational rotation and regain its equatorial balance and equilibrium. The Earth Poles has always been moving and shifting for very many millions of years, but the present acceleration of pole shifting should be of substantial concern. This is very serious and needs to be watched closely.)

Such weight shifting of the Earth Axis will affect the ocean currents, Gulf Stream circulation pattern, including the weight upon various Earth Plates, and produce volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in weak Earth Plate locations. Because of the present Earth rotation and speed, the Earth is trying to compensate for any weight changes and imbalances, which is also being displayed by movements of earth plates with active volcanoes and earthquakes. The Earth is composed of 5 layers consisting of an inner core, outer core, lower mantle, upper mantle and the crust which can rotate at different, irregular speeds, compared to the crust and consists of earth plates. The earth core is also drifting to compensate for any weight irregularities.

My entire research is meant to provide comprehensive information and a truthful assessment of present global conditions. None of my assessment is to cause any undue fear or harm, but hopefully points toward our self reliance and useful direction for the future. Since we have developed a good measure of technology, particularly in global food production, then we could utilize technology to overcome various anticipated global problems involving natural resources, climate and overall global human environment.

This year in 2010, we need to understand the true situation of Global Climate Change and that we are already in a serious chain reaction of climate events which become worse if not rectified. We are experiencing huge electric power outages lasting over 1 week at a time for 500,000 to over 1 million people across the United States from major snow storms, rain storms, 70 mile an hour (112km) winds, flooding including brownouts in the summer due to high electricity demand. Such year-round electricity failures will not work very well for electric cars and will cause substantial economic losses, particularly when, or if climate changes become substantially worse in the near future. The present type concept and technology for electric cars are inadequate to meet our future transportation requirements.

If we eliminate carbon emissions, we eliminate the melting of polar ice, the melting of permafrost, the melting of methane hydrates on the ocean floor thereby we reduce and eliminate worsening weather patterns such as droughts, floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, and major agricultural and economic losses. This is a monumental and costly task, and none of the present initiatives by the United States, European Union or the United Nations are adequate to reverse the present climate trend, and we do not have the determination to ensure the human survival. Although an attempt will be made out of desperation when global climate conditions become extremely severe, but by that time any efforts will be too little and too late as usual. For additional information please see website:

The final result is that our global climate is changing due to the emissions from methane, carbon dioxide and chemicals which in turn cause a chain reaction of events that when combined accelerate the frequency of global disasters. It can be expected that this global trend will continue until the most affective scientific methods and processes are able to produce a reversal in this global trend. An effective methane and carbon dioxide disposal is fertilizer. This fertilizer is formulated with a time release, including several advantageous chemical formulas, and is most useful for most crops, agriculture, fruit trees and for planting new forests. If the human race continues to destroy the Earth natural environment, then the consequences will become worse than they are now – obviously. These simple truths cannot be denied and are evidenced by the continuous acceleration of natural disasters no matter how many lies are generated by exploiters, corporations and governments.

Re-issued from September 16, 2009. - At the present, global warming due to CO2, methane, and chemical emissions are melting the Arctic and Antarctic ice shelves which in turn produce a chain reaction that create warmer temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere with wind currents, warmer ocean currents which in turn melt the permafrost. Present Permafrost is melting at an annual rate of 1.5 inches (4 centimeters), or 15 inches (40 centimeters) in 10 years.

The global permafrost is estimated to contain approximately 950 billion to 1.5 trillion tons of stored methane and annual methane emissions are presently estimated at 440 million tons. Methane is 25 to 30 times stronger than CO2, and the 440 million tons of methane is the equivalent to 11 to 13.2 billion tons of carbon dioxide.

A study indicated that when a 10 percent release of atmospheric CO2 from permafrost would increase the count of parts per million by 80, or to about 467 ppm. Records show that Greenland previously became free of ice at 400 ppm, and Hawaii already recorded 400 ppm of CO2 emissions. Frozen Permafrost and Tundra come in thicknesses from 50 to 600 meters (160 to 2,000 feet). Organic decomposition of thawed vegetation and soil of permafrost can reach depths of more than 30 feet. The Arctic, Canada and Siberia permafrost and Tundra are thawing at a rate of 4 centimeters (1.5 inches) per year, and some areas are thawing 15 inches (38 centimeters) annually. Exploration of permafrost depth and Tundra thickness of the Northern Hemisphere is extremely important and much of this can be done with satellite topography in combination with ground research teams. For additional energy and climate change information please see:

There are approximately 3 trillion tons of methane gas contained in frozen hydrates beneath the ocean floor along the East and West Coast of South America, North America, entire North Pacific, Asia, Indonesia, Australia, India, Arabian Sea, around the coasts of East and West Africa and a large area of the Barents Sea. The methane hydrate was found in thick sediment layers of 15-20 meters (50-65 feet) in China, 132 meters (433 feet) in India, and Andaman Islands 600 meters (984 feet) in frozen hydrates beneath the ocean floor. The Andaman Islands just had a 7.6 earthquake in the Indian Ocean on August 10, 2009, and an earthquake in 2004 killed 228,000 people.

The Arctic and Antarctic melting ice dilutes the salinity of ocean currents which then is expected to slow down the ocean currents. The slowing of ocean currents heats the ocean waters which then cause storms and hurricanes and increases the melting of the frozen permafrost and stored methane on the ocean floor.

The huge problem are the 950-1,500 billion tons of methane stored in the frozen permafrost of the Tundra amounting to 30% of the land surface area in Canada (11.5 Million Sq. Miles) including in the World surface area of 20% ( 57.9 Million Sq. Miles), and the 3 trillion tons of methane that is stored beneath the ocean floor. The combined quantity of methane in the permafrost and frozen methane hydrates in the ocean floor sediment amount to approximately 3.95-4.5 trillion tons, and are the equivalent to approximately 100 Trillion to 135 Trillion Tons of Carbon Dioxide (CO2).

Warmer wind currents and warmer ocean water currents are causing major changes in the overall global weather system by continuously feeding more methane into the atmosphere from the melting permafrost as well as from warmer oceans releasing ever more methane from the ocean floor. Warmer air and warmer ocean water are expected to increase air currents and water currents to cause underwater turbulence which is expected to thaw the frozen methane on the ocean floor, and release large amounts of more methane hydrates into the atmosphere. The frozen methane on the ocean floor covers such an immensely large area, that it warrants the publication of this map below, and it was published by Energy Outlook 2007 and Der Spiegel, 2005 and labeled as Energy from Ice (Global distribution of methane hydrate deposits on the ocean floor. Source: Klaudia and Sandler, 2005.

The World Map above shows large amounts of methane (dark blue) enveloping the continents. This map also shows that some of the areas of methane during pre-historic times contained vegetation and animals including sea creatures which over time of millions of years have decomposed into methane – and now became frozen methane because of much higher water tables and because of the expansion of the continents and earth plate movements. Much of the frozen methane is in relatively shallow ocean waters around these continents as shown on the map above.

The planned sequestration of CO2 on the ocean floor will be dangerous because the CO2 will spread out over a large ocean floor area and warmer air and ocean currents cause an upwelling motion toward the water surface and release the CO2 into the atmosphere. In addition, there are earth plate movements, plate tectonics and underwater earthquakes causing tsunamis which can cause violent shaking and movement of the sequestered CO2 toward the ocean surface. South East Asia and the Indian Ocean countries are riddled with earthquakes on a regular basis, and the sequestration of CO2 on the ocean floor is out of the question.

When viewing the global earth plate movements and plate buckling, earth plate subduction, active global earthquakes and the amount of existing methane deposits on the ocean floor, it becomes obvious that the sequestration of CO2 on the ocean floor can become catastrophic. A NASA study in 2001 shows a huge release of frozen sea floor methane about 55 million years ago that heated the Earth by 13 degrees F. (7 degrees C.), and that was a huge catastrophe.

With the global warming of the air and the warming of ocean waters, the ocean floor is then melting the frozen methane, which has a tendency to carry the CO2 gas to the surface of the ocean and the wind carries the methane and additional CO2 into the atmosphere. Then this is a global catastrophe, and the consequences are unimaginable to the human race. Climate changes such as increased warmer temperatures over several continents have an effect on air currents and therefore change the jet-stream and existing weather patterns into unusual and abnormal conditions. This causes a more profound force and velocity that in turn tend to shift the overall world weather pattern into global warming, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere. The earth rotation with fluctuating temperatures of day and night, including seasonal temperature changes combined with the annual movement of the North Pole contribute to the present global climate changes.

Since April, 2009, I have checked the daily temperatures of Fairbanks, Alaska. During this time I was shocked to see that the temperatures in Fairbanks (72-85 degrees) repeatedly were warmer than in Seattle, Portland, San Francisco, Chicago, Kansas City and Los Angeles. The average Fairbanks temperature for the month of July is 72 degrees.

The ever increasing amount of airborne toxic chemicals, carbon dioxide and nuclear radiation emissions into the atmosphere worldwide are reaching a dangerous limit by contaminating the atmosphere, the soil and food supply, with increasing health problems, by reaching limits of acidity and CO2 absorbency by the oceans, and when combined, the airborne toxic chemicals are causing global climate changes, and changes in present weather patterns. For more information please see website:

Serious consideration should be given to research and the latest press releases about global climate changes and the accelerating release of methane from thawing permafrost and methane hydrates from the ocean floor combined contain approximately 3.9 – 4.5 Trillion tons of methane while the oceans are becoming steadily warmer. Warmer oceans release more warm moisture and thaw more permafrost on land, while at the same time warmer ocean waters will accelerate the thawing of methane hydrates on the ocean floor in continuously increased volumes and in an accelerating cycle.

According to the latest research reports, the thawing of methane that is released from the permafrost and the methane hydrates that is released from the ocean floor has not been incorporated into the global climate change research analysis by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (UN-IPCC). This is very serious, because regardless of how many years it would take in an all-out effort to stabilize and reverse Global Climate Change, it would take an additional several years to stop the warming of the oceans, and then several years to cool the oceans.

This happens from industrialization and increasing global population growth. In order to reduce or eliminate this pending manmade climate change catastrophe, it is necessary to take appropriate action. Any cap-and-trade legislation allows even more greenhouse gas and CO2 emissions into the atmosphere, and causes a greater climate crisis. According to measurements, the Western Antarctic Peninsula alone has lost about 8,000 square miles of ice during the last 50 years.

The Union of Concerned Scientists
( Feb. 22, 2010

The Union of Concerned Scientists with over 75,000 memberships disclosed: “Corporations, front groups, and climate deniers who oppose critical efforts to curb global warming are waging an all-out war on science in the news media every day and mislead the public about global warming.” Our opponents have deep pockets and bankroll their fraudulent claims and broadcast them to the world. The facts are:

The first 10 years of this century have been the warmest decade on record.
Sea ice in the Arctic melted to its third-lowest area ever measured last summer.
Worldwide, ocean temperatures last summer were hotter than ever previously recorded.

Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere are currently the highest they have been in at least 800,000 years.

If global emissions continue unabated, taxpayers could be saddled with hundreds of billions of dollars in damages – from flooding, storm damages, agricultural losses, healthcare costs and huge annual economic losses.

The Union of Concerned Scientists advocate: Clean renewable energy, less dirty fossil fuels, better fuel economy standards, new emission reductions for cars, and advocate sustainable agricultural practices to protect air, water, soil and reduce warming emissions.

TELEGRAPH – UK 3/23/2010 - World’s oil reserves have been exaggerated by up to a third, according to Sir David King, former chief scientist.

TELEGRAPH – UK 3/22/2010 - A study found Onshore Wind Farms are producing less than a fifth (1/5) of electricity predicted – some producing less than 10%.

President Barack Obama has emphasized the importance of developing new sources of energy and cultivating the jobs that will come with them. “I am convinced that whoever builds a clean energy economy, whoever is at the forefront of that, is going to own the 21st - century global economy” at a meeting of governors at the White House on February 3, 2010.

February 4, 2010, the Pentagon called climate change a threat to national security that “may spark or exacerbate future conflicts.” “Assessments conducted by the intelligence community indicate that climate change could have significant geopolitical impacts around the world, contributing to poverty, environmental degradation, and the further weakening of fragile governments.”

Bill Gates at the TED Conference on February 12, 2010 said: “What we are going to have to do at a global scale is create a new system, so we need energy miracles.” The world must eliminate all of its carbon emissions and cut energy costs in half in order to prevent a climate catastrophe, which will hit the world’s poorest hardest. “We have to drive full speed and get a miracle in a pretty tight timeline.” Please see my website:

In 2009 alone, Big Oil and other energy interests spent a record breaking $154 million just for lobbying efforts, which includes an aggressive smear campaign to kill clean energy legislation. According to the recent Supreme Court decision, our senators and congressmen can be bought and bribed by the oil and energy corporations with unlimited amounts of money. The disregard to national priorities and the favoritism toward Big Oil and energy corporations at this rate will bring on a major economic depression.

At the British Royal Society on February 10, 2010, the Industry Taskforce on Peak Oil and Energy Security released a new report that oil shortages, insecurities of supply and price volatility will destabilize economic, political and social activity within 5 years, and Peak Oil must be a priority for the government. The Industry Taskforce warns that the United Kingdom is ill-prepared for rising oil prices brought on by dwindling supplies. “Working together, we must ensure that the government takes action to address the impact of the oil crunch and ensure the UK is better prepared to withstand higher and more volatile oil prices.”

Major oil companies have admitted that the supply of oil is diminishing in the next few years, as well as in the future, because super oil field exploration have resulted in fewer worthwhile oil fields, and existing oil fields become depleted. British Petroleum stated it is usually able to get 25% to 40% of the oil in place, but only as much as 30% is extracted from the ground in practice. The Mid-East (Iraq, Iran) and South America still have a substantial amount of oil in the ground or off-shore, but those countries are not very willing to dispose or squander their oil treasure.

Present and future global oil production as well as oil depletion is expected to remain constant through 2014, but after that, world oil production will go into decline. The ability to continue the increase of global oil production will come to an end this year, and oil prices are expected to remain relatively stable for about 1 to 2 years, unless the oil supply is disrupted.

Therefore, energy companies and oil companies are scrambling to invest into tar sands, oil shale, coal, natural gas, nuclear power, wind and solar energy with anticipation of generating high profits from diminishing fossil fuel energy resources in the near future. Electricity production inefficiency and waste is estimated at 25% to 44%.

The true facts about nuclear power energy are astonishing. Global nuclear power plants amount to 435 with an average lifespan of 25-35 years, require 15 years for investment payback, and cost approximately $7 billion to $15+ billion each for construction, operating costs, nuclear waste storage, decommissioning, safety violations, insurance costs, et cetera. Nuclear power plant costs, operation and electricity costs have been skyrocketing. To date the USA has invested over $500 billion into 104 operating nuclear power plants. 40% of nuclear fuel is imported and nuclear power will not provide energy independence as is claimed. 400 additional reactors are planned worldwide at an estimated cost of $24 Trillion ($60 billion each) just for construction alone. Each reactor produces 30 to 50 tons of “high-level” radioactive waste each year, and 400 reactors would produce a total of 12,000 to 20,000 tons of radioactive waste annually.

Increased volumes of radiation concentrations and contamination will become a serious health problem, especially during weather inversions along the East Coast of the United States. Three foot thick concrete walls do not contain radiation at all, and the radiation is released into the atmosphere unrestricted. Exposure of 40+ years of such large continuous radiation contamination emissions into the atmosphere and into all food supply can ultimately affect the immune system and health particularly to the population who live about 100 miles downwind from nuclear power plants. The United States in 2008 imported 34.2 million short tons of coal for about $1.95 billion.

Unless a new form of energy is produced immediately, any further reductions or constriction of the energy supply causes serious economic repercussions, because at the present, this planet does not have an alternative energy source in place to replace fossil fuel. To develop and to market my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems in the USA and globally would require a substantial amount of money and time, of which we do not have anymore. Please see my website:

Present and future population growth increases energy demands which cannot be met because of limited fossil fuel resources. The global demands for the next 40 and 60 years for energy, food, jobs, housing, clothing, daily necessities, transportation, commodities, infrastructure and services can be reasonably estimated. Many economic adjustments need to be made accordingly, especially by all governments and the military. This places the existing human race into a very difficult survival situation for at least half of the world population of 3.4 billion people.

The doubling of current World Population Growth rate is estimated at 61 years, while in the 1960s, the doubling of the World Population was only 35 years. Presently, many Asian and African countries double their population in about 15 years. World population in 2009 was estimated at 6.8 billion people, and in the year 2050 the World Population is estimated at approximately 9.4 billion people. Such global population growth places tremendous strains upon many natural resources, energy supply, infrastructure, services and economy.

The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Climate Research results are validated and were confirmed by scientists, oceanographers, planetary scientists, naturalists, glaciologists, paleontologists and geographers from six (6) continents, including the British Antarctic Survey, British and German Universities, California and Massachusetts Universities, the British Royal Society, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, NASA, the U.S. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration and the European Space Agency. The average growing season for crops in the Northern Hemisphere has increased by 11 days due to ongoing Global Climate changes.

The present controversy in the news media about global climate change and heavy snowfall in the northern hemisphere contains poor logic and lack of common sense. The weather is indeed changing as I have previously disclosed, and summers are becoming hotter, and the winters are more severe and/or colder. The present warmer Ocean waters generate more moisture into the atmosphere and the warm air currents push this moisture in a steady stream and with force into the Arctic region, where the moist air is condensed and forced to move southward blanketing large portions of the United States, Europe and the Northern Hemisphere with cold and massive snow storms.

The daily heating and cooling cycle of day and night by the rotating Earth, including summer and winter cycling of the Earth in relationship to the sun produces wind currents and turbulences which correspondingly affect changes in the weather, especially with increased volumes of moisture, water vapor and heat into the atmosphere that is generated by and from warmer and heated ocean waters, and is then pushed into the arctic to condense.

The interaction of cold air currents from the Arctic and warm air currents from tropical regions can be continuously monitored around the Earth with satellites. Any changes in weather patterns obtained from satellites on a daily basis and over several years are automatically programmed into computers and provide positive proof of any global climate changes. Satellite data and ground observations will become undisputable.

In addition, when the cold condensed moisture laden air masses from the Arctic converge with the warm air masses from the tropical regions generate large churning patterns which frequently result in either heavy rains or major snow storms, depending on the temperature and sustained velocity and pressure of wind currents of the cold and warm air. These churning air masses frequently turn into vortexes and tornados in the spring time. The Gulf Stream flow pattern does show changes in our weather patterns. Unusual warm winter weather is occurring in the Oregon coastal region for several years and substantial amounts of rain is replacing snowfall during winter months.

Many years ago, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) were promoted to replace ozone-damaging hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), and now is closing the Antarctic ozone hole. HFC-134a can trap 3,400 times more heat in the atmosphere than CO2, and now HFCs are contributing to changes into warmer temperatures and climate, and for melting the ice shelves in the Antarctic. CO2 is now being used as the best refrigerant. NOAA said that the ozone hole spanned about 9.7 million square miles, making it the fifth largest on record. It may take several decades for the ozone hole to close.

Large amounts of global permafrost and frozen methane are being thawed on the ocean floor. Global permafrost and methane amount to approximately 950 billion to 1.5 trillion tons. Present annual methane emissions are estimated at about 150-250 million tons. These emissions contribute to climate changes by further warming the oceans and melting the ice in the Arctic and Antarctic. If or when the melting ice raises the ocean sea levels by 4-6 feet, then large remaining ice shelves could be forced to rise and float, break up and separate from the sediment structure, and then disintegrate. If this were to happen, then this would no doubt be a climate catastrophe. The UN-International Panel on Climate Change is correct in being alarmed and to plan for taking appropriate measures in the global interest. Solutions are being worked on, and the Deniers of Global Warming and Climate Change are simply Dimwits.

The National Snow and Ice Data Center shows Arctic sea ice for January 2010 averaged 13.78 million square kilometers (5.32 million square miles). This was 1.08 million square kilometers (417,000 square miles) below the 1979 to 2000 average for January. NASA satellite shows that Antarctica has been losing more than 100 cubic kilometers (24 cubic miles) of ice since 2002, and is accelerating. NASA/German Aerospace suggests that since 2006 there has been more ice loss from East Antarctica than previously thought. Please see website:

“Scientists with Oregon State University and the State Geology and Mineral Industries Department believe that not only is the sea level rising, but they have recently determined that maximum wave heights – those mammoth waves that occur offshore during the winter months – have risen dramatically from a previously estimated 33 feet to as much as 46 feet. Possible causes might be changes in storm tracks, higher winds, more intense winter storms, or other factors. These probably are related to global warming, but it could also be involved with periodic climate fluctuations . . . and our wave records are sufficiently short that we can’t be certain yet. But what is clear (is) the waves are getting larger. And they are taking their toll on the coastline. There was tremendous erosion and 492 feet (150 meters) of beach along the shoreline has disappeared in recent years” at two towns along the Oregon north coast.

Now the Nuclear Power Industry wants to expand their operations, which continuously increases the risks of nuclear war and more human health concerns. The insurance companies are reluctant to take on $10 to $20+ billion of unknown liability and risk policies for these nuclear power plants.

My repeated requests for fossil fuel conservation through the use of new technology and reduction of pollution emissions were ignored by the United States government for decades. The burdens, costs and urgency for conversion to a new energy source now become overwhelming, while the United States government is still determined of supporting the U.S. energy companies and oil companies toward monopolizing the diminishing world fossil fuel energy supply. In 2008 the USA imported 34.2 million short tons of coal for approximately $1.9 million.

More wars can be expected, because our United States government, as usual, will claim to protect our national and foreign interests (supposedly for Western Developed Countries), as was done with the Iraq War, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and African Countries with the loss of lives of several million people. Such stupid plans and policies are failures right from the beginning and only cause economic chaos on a global scale and for the human race. The ridiculous invocation of religion and God into these crazy war schemes does not help either, and only incite further alienation, revulsion, reprisals, terrorism, including present day torture.

The only alternative to fossil fuel and for a survivable future are my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes and Systems, provided that we use this technology and remaining global resources sensibly. But this is doubtful, and remains to be seen. Unfortunately this planet has to make very large efforts to contain unacceptable greed by corporations, political hacks, hate mongers, despots, exploiters, religious fanatics, and numerous dangerous elements of all sorts who are a danger to the livelihood and existence of the human race. Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes cannot fall into the hands of maximum profiteers and the oil companies, because we have already experienced their outrageous greed by banks, oil companies and Enron.

Manfred Zysk, M.E.

BY: MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. – February 3, 2010
The present Waxman-Markley co-authored energy legislation stipulates that Energy firms could purchase energy offsets rather than reduce their emissions for a far-off target date. The Coal Companies and Utility Companies would be given Trillions of Dollars in free pollution credits even while raising energy prices for consumers. The Cap and Trade Policies allow industries to sell and buy carbon credits with each other without having to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

My comments to the White House and the Department of Energy before the Copenhagen Conference was: According from my experience, the Energy and Utility Companies do not have the money, technology, capabilities, determination or inclination to comply with any legally binding Climate Change Agreements in Copenhagen. Any legally binding Climate Change Agreements in Copenhagen would obligate the USA government to pay heavy penalties for non-compliance of Climate Change Agreements. In order to meet the legally binding Copenhagen Agreements, the Energy and Utility Companies would have to be taken over or bought-out at a cost of approximately 3-4 Trillion Dollars. Obviously this is why the United States government would not agree to any legally binding Climate Change Agreements.

Understandably, the imposition of heavy penalties for non-compliance to the Copenhagen Accords would have been devastating to the Obama administration and for progressives in the Democratic Party who have been advocates for the Copenhagen initiatives, amid the shrill vitriol by deniers of Global Climate Change. It appears that I share the blame for some of the “USA Scuttling” of Copenhagen (COP 15) Conference, because I had expected that fast actions toward climate change and energy solutions would be incorporated into bold initiatives, but heavy penalties and non-compliance issues would have had substantial negative economic impacts upon the United States. The needed technology to bring about adequate global climate change results had not been developed and is not presently available to all countries, and still need to be resolved.

My suggestion was to proceed with my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Systems and Research, and other energy saving products. The conversion from Fossil Fuel to Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Systems could cost approximately $2.6 Trillion for a 5 year crash program and approximately a total of $4 Trillion over a 10 year period for the USA alone, while solving the global climate change problem at the same time. Some investment payback can already occur within the first 3 years for various new energy saving products. These cost figures can be reduced substantially when other developed countries contribute in a joint effort to solve the global energy and global climate change problem. These cost figures for the conversion to my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration does not include any profits, but primarily are intended to maintain and enhance our present economic system as best as possible by providing energy and electricity at the lowest cost for all industries, businesses, homes and citizens.

In order to achieve maximum national economic benefits, I advocate the establishment of a new national energy company with low profit motives that will serve the national economic interests in direct conjunction with stringent government oversight and control for all energy and electricity generation. My primary concern is adequate federal funding to make my new Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes succeed with minimum economic upsets nationally and globally during the transition period from fossil fuel energy to hydrogen energy regeneration systems.

Right from the start, the Obama administration was faced with incredible debts and a complete economic meltdown of unknown proportions, with very grave consequences to the United States. In retrospect, substantial efforts have been made to avoid further economic deterioration. Approximately 30% of our defense industry can be converted into economic development without vulnerability or loss to our national security. This would amount to approximately $330 billion every year into our economy to create more new industries, new jobs, job training, schools, social security, and medical and dental care and/or reduce our national debts. More than enough weapons and military might is at our disposal, whenever real need should arise for our national defense and security. If for some reason our national security were truly threatened, then the necessary military funding and sacrifices would of course be reinstated, as necessary.

Our own national security also provides security for all other countries; particularly if all countries cooperate with common objectives, similarly like the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and United Nations. A Common, enforceable Global Non-Aggression Treaty composed of Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa and other world countries would produce needed global economic benefits and reduce nuclear weapons, potential nuclear wars and global biological warfare threats.

Our government has funded projects like large dams and nuclear energy to generate electricity in the past. We do need to understand that fossil fuel and nuclear power (uranium) is finite, and we have little time left for converting to another energy source to supply our entire economy and nation. If and when the global fossil fuel reserves are consumed and are gone, then the oil companies and energy companies will have disappeared as well. An honest and comprehensive global energy supply assessment has already been disclosed by our leaders in government.

Plundering other countries of their remaining energy and natural resources is most distressing and destructive to our nation, and is not the answer or worth the short term gains. Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes cannot be handed over to these zealous exploiters and scheming profiteers. The shouting for ever larger profits and greed will stop sooner or later, and with coordinated efforts and rationalization it is possible to agree to satisfactory energy and climate change solutions for a livable environment and survivability. For more energy research, please see my website:

BY: MANFRED ZYSK, M.E. – January 13, 2010
Contains Proprietary Research and Intellectual Property Rights
Publication is authorized by author

Only Hydrogen Energy and Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Processes can replace Oil and Fossil Fuel. The availability of inexpensive and the abundance of Hydrogen can generate a new era for the world with numerous new products and processes which will transform our present industrial system toward an ideal future environment. When hydrogen energy and hydrogen regeneration processes and applications are fully developed, tens of millions of jobs will be created which will surpass the present auto industry and infuse great economic energy into all other industries and commerce. Low energy costs are the lifeblood of civilization and can lead toward global peace, democracy and prosperity. If hydrogen energy regeneration processes are provided at lower costs compared to fossil fuel by 60% or more to all countries, then major economic improvements occur on a global scale and would reduce or eliminate most global conflicts over energy resources. Ocean waters contain 11% hydrogen and fresh water contains 10% hydrogen. Please see website:

The present energy/fossil fuel and global climate crisis's are not surprising, and the global energy/climate crisis most likely will continue to the point of severe economic strangulation, associated with high unemployment, high food prices, much higher cost of living expenses, et cetera, unless measures are taken to circumvent such impending disasters.

It is already well known that the constant global battles and wars over natural resources, global market share and global military domination will only lead to disaster. Of utmost importance is inexpensive and abundant supply of energy and my hydrogen energy regeneration technology. Relatively cheap energy fueled the industrial revolution to its present state, but has been dominated with constant human suffering and wars.

Due to the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, and my recall to active military duty for occupation of Cuba, I foresaw continued nuclear missile confrontations; therefore I came up with a possible solution with the design of small 2 to 6 passenger jet planes for military, commercial and private usage. Such a small jet plane with a feature of vertical take-off would have great economic benefits and simultaneously reduce and solve many global military confrontations. My experience in car body design, engineering and production including aircraft engine engineering provided me with sufficient confidence toward the feasibility for the development and production of this small jet plane. Please see 3 typical illustration of Small Jet Plane for Commercial & Defense Use in Chapter 4 on website:

In 1963, I hoped that our government would not try to control the Mid-East oil, because logically it meant that we ultimately would lose our wealth and waste much fossil fuel in the process. I fully understood the ongoing political games and controls being exercised by the oil companies, auto industry, military industrial complex, the state department, our government and basically the involvement of every facet of our economy into the militarization of the United States. After the Cuban Missile Crisis, I believed that our government and military would realize the importance of this small jet plane for the military, defense and economic importance on a global scale, but our government and military were totally against this small jet plane for obvious reasons of planning world domination, and I noticed in 1962 that plans were being developed to exercise world domination through financial and economic manipulation and global financial control.

My analysis of achieving and maintaining world financial control over any length of time appeared totally absurd, but our government and military industrial complex with the utilization of the world banking system and President Johnson (our first oil president) proceeded with absolute determination with the Viet Nam war, including the drilling for oil off the Viet Nam coast. The European countries in the 1980s opposed such controls and the economic take-over of countries and formed the European Union, of which President Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher strongly opposed. Now several regional economic unions are being formed to counter our desperate global economic domination plans amid the global climate change and global fossil fuel crisis. All these wars, financial and human losses did not have to occur and could have been avoided. Our government and military has failed the American people and the world.

The supply of oil and gasoline was a major problem and had to be solved, because the US was going to run out of oil in about 1978 according to my research in 1963, and the US would have to import oil. My research of seismic and electronic sensors with computer analysis would help the exploration of oil but would not be adequate. Electronic and seismic oil exploration did not exist at that time and my research was sent to our government for funding. The oil companies obtained my research and developed my seismic and electronic exploration concept, but a new energy source was needed very soon. After a few weeks of research, I decided that hydrogen, obtained from the oceans (11%) were in adequate supply for several centuries and needed to be processed and developed. Basically, hydrogen cannot be consumed or destroyed and therefore is the ideal chemical element for regeneration.

Further research of hydrogen regeneration processes with various chemical reaction elements indicated that this little jet plane would be able to travel very long distances without refueling. Some organic chemical reaction formulas indicated prolonged regeneration capabilities and in conjunction with some inorganic formulas could provide very long term regeneration capabilities. From the mechanical and practical standpoint any hydrogen regeneration processes and systems will wear out and need to be maintained and replaced. The hydrogen regeneration processes therefore needed to be thoroughly researched and tested for durability and safety concerns. Please see website:

The next problem was the processing of large amounts of hydrogen from oceans waters. Various methods such as hydrolysis were considered in 1963, but ordinary electricity methods were energy intensive. The Hydrogen Regeneration Systems for some processes would produce excess energy and generate steam or heat to drive turbines very economically. All that is needed is the initial starting of the chemical reaction system to produce hydrogen obtained from ocean water and to operate the entire hydrogen regeneration system.

The separation (dissociation) of hydrogen and some chemical reaction elements would not necessarily require complete separation during the regeneration process and a small amount of these chemical elements could be systematically discharged into waste containers for later processing or disposal. Complete separation of chemical reaction elements are naturally the most desirable process for regeneration. The use of solar, wind and nuclear waste energy for processing the hydrogen were considered, but are not very practical, because very large amounts of hydrogen need to be produced. I believed that I found a new method to produce very large amounts of hydrogen from ocean water by utilizing my hydrogen regeneration processes at that time in 1963.

In late summer of 1963, I had sufficient confidence to build and test this little jet plane with new jet engines, but I also wanted to conduct experiments with my hydrogen regeneration processes and systems. Certified mail submittals for appropriation requests were sent to top government officials, including the defense department and federal agencies, but were met with silence or just acknowledgement of having received my disclosures by certified mail with return receipts.

All sorts of intimidation and physical threats were used to discourage me from proceeding with my research for obvious reasons for seizing control of my research by the government and corporations. In spite of many employment problems and imposed financial hardships, I researched numerous valuable products in order to obtain the necessary funds to develop hydrogen energy regeneration processes and products, but I always was met with negative results. Some of my proposed products were later produced by several companies such as Acrylic Paints containing catalytic chemical reactions which creep into the pores of numerous types of materials to form a complete bond, such as steel, wood, stone, but also have excellent adhesion properties onto smooth surfaces such as glass or painted surfaces with new protective finish coatings such as for cars and furniture with the application of what is known as “Clear Coat.” Please see website:

When catalytic chemical reactions form a complete bond by creeping into the pores of materials or smooth surfaces for weather exposure and exterior applications, rusting is reduced, paint peeling is reduced and maintenance is reduced for cars, trucks, trailers, buses, trains, bridges, boats, ships, farm equipment, construction equipment and construction machinery, et cetera. Acrylic catalytic chemical reactions reduces maintenance and painting every 5 or 10 years for houses, buildings and factories because of less weather damage and no separation of paint from the bonded surfaces of different materials. This research was completed in 1964, and none of my products involved infringements or employer proprietary products. My position as Assistant Experimental Engineer in 1960 for the assembly and production of automobile bodies included adhesives, bonding, sealing, coatings and paints, which were supplied by chemical and paint companies. The largest US paint companies were contacted, but all companies claimed to have no interest in my Acrylic Paints or Acrylic Catalytic Chemical Reaction Products, as usual. My research was extremely valuable with worldwide market potential and global economic benefits.

While I continuously advocate and work toward a better future for the USA and better global relations, little or nothing is being done. Our USA defense budget for 2010 has been estimated to cost $704 billion and some official estimates claim the US defense budget to be over $1 Trillion for 2010, but to date I have not received any consideration or funding for several energy products such as the capture and containment processes of carbon dioxide from coal electric power plants, oil refineries, chemical plants, lime plants and cement plants; or the vaporization of gasoline/oil for internal combustion engines, or for saving energy with vertical shaft lime kilns, or the vacuum chamber wall construction for building homes, buildings, factories, and for the national housing and construction industry, et cetera. Instead, our government wants to circumvent my proposed designs for carbon capture of coal electric power plants, and is considering of providing funding to some companies and corporations.

But time after time my appeal to our government and leaders to maintain rational and sane policies to avoid our own economic destruction was ignored, but instead ways and means are approved that cause our economic collapse with fraudulent housing mortgage schemes, the elimination of our own industries, including overseas manufacturing to escape domestic environmental laws and penalties, the importation of cheap, poor quality products, subverting greenhouse gas emission proposals and global climate change proposals, including the borrowing of trillions of dollars while the government is not able to make the interest payments on these huge loans. To date we, the USA, has amassed over $127 Trillion in public and private debts, and in unfunded liabilities. Our banks (banksters) have swindled the public out of Trillions of dollars, and in return have received hundreds of billions of dollars in bailout funds from our government.

Most senators and congressmen need millions of dollars every election from the corporations or face being thrown out of office if they do not comply with corporate demands. Corporations not only have complete control over our government, but our government has already become irrelevant and useless, since the corporations now make the most important legislation and laws. Present energy legislation would be giving the Utilities trillions of dollars in free pollution credits even while raising energy prices for consumers.

In spite of all this, I continuously berate our great leaders in government to fund my energy research and new products so that this country can regain its independence from foreign financial control, but to date our government is opposed to any of my concerns, and our government is still on the path of global domination. It is impossible for me to get a meaningful response for a sensible energy evaluation, or government consideration toward funding my energy projects, but without hesitation, our senators just approved a defense bill amounting to $636 Billion, and the 2010 defense appropriation bill is estimated to cost actually over $1 Trillion. I have consistently specified proprietary and intellectual property rights, and our government is enjoined from funding other parties, businesses, company entities, institutions or foreign governments of my disclosed products by any means and ways in the USA and foreign countries.

After contacting President Obama and Vice President Biden, the White House Cabinet, federal departments and agencies, and most senators and congressmen of the USA several times, and by their own actions our government has determined by not responding to my requests for funding my research of my proposed products including hydrogen energy regeneration systems and processes, then the United States government herewith abrogates any rights or technological claims thereof, including such as any national security claims. Therefore, I am seeking the necessary funding from other sources, foreign countries and governments, with appropriate offers of manufacturing and marketing rights, especially from the European Union and other Regional Economic Organizations, such as ASEAN, AU, EEA, SAARC and the Arab League, et cetera.

Enclosed is my latest correspondence with the U.S. Dept. of Energy, the U.S. President and Vice President with additional information about BlackLight Power and Dr. Mills, who have recently conducted research on hydrogen energy. This is worthwhile energy reading material.


Attn: Mr. John N. Augustine, Mail Stop 021-10 October 20, 2009 Unsolicited Proposal Manager

U.S. Department of Energy
National Energy Technology Laboratory
626 Cochrans Mill Road
P.O. Box 10940
Pittsburgh, Pa. 15236-0940

Copy to: The Hon. President Barack Obama
The Hon. Vice President Joseph Biden
Mr. Steven Chu, Secretary of Energy
The Hon. Senator John Kerry
The Hon. Senator Jeff Merkley

Mr. Augustine, you state: "It doesn't appear that you have a technology of your own."

Response: Perhaps you could enlighten me as to who would possess this technology. If my disclosure submittal is not my own, then who could it possibly belong to, since I have previously requested federal R&D and development funding for Hydrogen Energy Regeneration and several of these products for over 40 years, and I have documents of previous submittals to prove it. In fact "it doesn't appear that you have the qualifications to make such an assessment," and it may indicate the usual practice of only fishing for free proprietary research data, while major funding has been awarded for many rather miniscule energy projects. I should disclose to you that I have documents showing the DOE of pumping me for more research information, but then backing out and refusing to make any valid funding commitments.

You may find the following websites of substantial interest about Hydrinos, BlackLight Power, Inc. and Dr. Randell Mills and his research on hydrogen, including the members of the board of directors of BlackLight Power, Inc. and the association of Assistant Secretary of Energy Shelley Brewer with BlackLight Power, Inc. Please see: pertaining to:


Senator John Kerry suggested that I contact the available government agencies involved in renewable energy and environment. Because of the importance of the below listed products, on 8/19/09, I submitted product descriptions, drawings and illustrations, a synopsis of my qualifications, my resume' and letters of recommendation to the Hon. Vice President Joseph Biden, Senator John Kerry, Mr. Steven Chu (DOE), Mr. Tim Geithner and Ms. Lisa P. Jackson (EPA), including the Dept. of Commerce, Defense, Energy, Interior, Transportation, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Agriculture, and EPA for an Initial Grant Search Request for:


Of the above listed government departments and agencies, only the Department of Energy responded. Surprisingly Ms. Sheri Mike at DOE only requested an abstract for submittal of my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Systems.

I have been informed 3 times that I should also consider the DOE "competitive bidding process." If you are properly qualified, then you would know that any competitors would not be qualified because of the usual lack of experience and absence of professional personnel. Most companies and corporations are too cheap to hire professionals. Basically, our country has evolved into a system of "Planned Obsolescence," with the production of poor quality products which need to be replaced periodically at higher costs. Worse yet, we cannot even produce this worthless junk and are importing it from other countries. I have seen this too often and I can quote you dozens of instances with companies and corporations not being capable of producing quality products and not meeting contractual obligations, such as a greedy conglomerate terminating experienced professionals, then losing $55 million in profits the following year, and almost declared bankruptcy due to heavy losses. I have been accused of objecting to the "customary shortchanging practices" on major industrial plant projects in the U.S. and foreign countries which clearly posed contractual violations as well as environmental violations.

Somehow you have ignored to consider my other six (6) energy saving products. You completely ignore my disclosure of CO2 capture from coal power plants, chemical plants, refineries, and natural gas plants and my proposed process to convert the CO2 emissions into useful fertilizer. Perhaps you and the DOE are stalling so that some companies or corporations will develop new fertilizer processes with fancy slogans that amazingly were (secretly) developed some 40+ years ago? I do have statistics of present and past fertilizer production. Of major importance is my Vacuum Chamber Concrete Wall Construction Process, which can reduce large amounts of energy consumption and reduce CO2 emissions which cause major global climate change problem.

What explanations do you have for not doing your job in the national and public interest? President Barack Obama, members of the Cabinet, government departments and agencies will receive this disclosure, and you can expect that this will be made public via the internet.

Since I have extensive technical experience including proposals, contracts and the management of multiple, multi-million dollar engineering projects in the U.S. and foreign countries, I have submitted to you more than adequate information and data for DOE funding consideration, and I also have specified in sufficient detail my objectives that meet your typical abstract format. All you need to do is read it and comprehend it!! This is how the DOE conducts business?

If you are at all familiar with the existing national and global energy situation and urgency involving global climate change, then you would comprehend the importance of my disclosed products, and especially the value of my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Systems. Our President Barack Obama and most Democrats in government are showing not just their understanding, but also the urgency of the energy crisis and the global climate crisis. My documentation discloses very much information that easily should have rattled your timbers into the realization of authenticity with the overall scope of a new energy source that would meet future global energy requirements. It is all there in plain English. You questioned authenticity - you got it. Please see: – Chapter 4A, Chapter 8 and Chapter 9.

Of course I am also aware of the proposed 400 nuclear reactors which are estimated to cost several hundred billion dollars, of which the Union of Concerned Scientists strongly object for various reasons, including the funding of research for a car battery that was funded by DOE for the amount of $2 billion. Did the Department of Energy ever figure out how to acquire all the necessary lithium and platinum for Fuel Cells to supply 19 million annual new cars and truck production, and the 250 million vehicles in USA use? The world production amounted to over 70 million cars and trucks in 2008.

For your edification, I was involved in some defense projects, including the design of a manufacturing plant for the Bradley Army Tank, or the AOA (Star Wars Project) for $1 Trillion which was funded on the basis of much less data or concept. As Sr. Manufacturing Engineer for a manufacturing plant for 3,500 employees, I required additional information about the feasibility and functionality of the Star Wars Project, and it was necessary for me to request additional information from the Pentagon because the entire concept was severely flawed. After 23 years of continued R&D and defense funding and under "enhanced conditions," the Star War Project was proclaimed (somewhat) a success, but does not meet the required objectives today for originally detecting missiles 2,000 miles downrange.

For your information, the development of Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Systems is the most valuable and important innovation ever conducted, and for me to carry this important project forward to its completion to satisfy global energy needs, requires absolute determination, dedication, integrity, honesty as well as technical and scientific competence. Again, it is quite obvious, and I do not believe the Department of Energy is suitable for such initiatives, and as a result, my quoted costs will be substantially higher than what I quoted before, because I will not be placed in untenable situations that would cause failure due to inadequate funding at the hands of the government.

The other concern is the reluctance and resistance of the public utilities, energy industry, national industries and commerce of refusing to comply with federal legislation to meet the approved and necessary global climate change agreements. Such delays would impose severe measures to demand compliance or outright buyouts of many public utility companies and energy companies at a cost of perhaps $3 to $4 Trillion.

Security, sabotage, interferences and safety are a common occurrence and require more oversight and are of major concerns which unfortunately require substantial additional funding. President Barack Obama can verify to being sabotaged and persecuted for his efforts to salvage the USA economy from collapse of the "wacky and crazy" policies of the George W. Bush administration, and for fulfilling his duties and obligations, President Barack Obama is called a "Socialist, Communist, Nazi and the Devil" by right-wing fanatics in the Senate, Congress and by some people. BlackLight Power, Inc. has 3 former CIA agents on its payroll, and what are the reasons for their employment?

It is herewith understood that all submitted research data is legally proprietary and contains intellectual property rights, including my research data on my website: The U.S. Government, Departments and Agencies are specifically enjoined (forbidden) and will refrain from conducting research, including the funding of any such programs now and in the future with any business entities domestically or foreign countries. By the way, a $636 billion military spending bill for fiscal 2010 was approved by the senate on 10/6/2009.

Therefore, I am submitting a copy of this response to President Barack Obama, Vice President Joseph Biden and the federal departments and agencies. Of course this does not exclude me from making the above contents public, including the disclosure of our government functions on the internet, and in the public interest.

As previously disclosed on my website:, in 1962 I wanted to build a small jet plane somewhat similar in design of a car. In 1963, I researched how to locate oil fields with sophisticated electronic sensors and electronic seismic equipment, because large quantities of oil would be needed for commercial usage. I found that world oil deposits were not adequate and a new energy source was needed. After extensive research, I realized that the only energy source to replace oil would be hydrogen obtained from the oceans containing 11% hydrogen. Hydrogen cannot be consumed, but can produce high chemical reactions with other chemicals and elements.

The processing and marketing of hydrogen energy from ocean water to satisfy public demand would be a major challenge. The hydrogen and any of the chemical reaction elements needed to be regenerated, in an association and dissociation process in a continuous closed loop operating process with other readily available chemical elements and components. The ultimate energy process would be the continuous regeneration and not requiring refilling or replacing the chemical components for 6 months or for 12+ months. Some continuous hydrogen energy regeneration processes were considered whereby chemical elements consisting of organic and inorganic elements could be endlessly regenerated without replenishing or refilling the chemical elements and components. No doubt, these hydrogen processes required much research, development and capital in 1963.

Many hydrogen reaction formulas were much too powerful for my applications, and I was considering power outputs within the range of approximately 12 to 28 times the energy of gasoline depending upon applications. While some low energy chemical reaction formulas required larger volumes and quantities, the more powerful chemical reaction formulas can be adjusted so that less amounts of chemical component volume and quantities are used, and at the same time it will reduce the volume and quantities of chemical elements to be regenerated, but achieve maximum energy and power output for traveling long distances and for much longer time-spans. Depending on application, the hydrogen regeneration energy formulas vary and can consist of organic and inorganic chemical elements for maximizing regeneration capabilities of continuous, and of facilitating reprocessing quantities. It was necessary to do the research and development, and that required a substantial amount of money. The U.S. government was the only logical source to support my research. Since the Lyndon Johnson Administration, I submitted a disclosure within every 7 years in order to maintain established confidentiality by government and presidential directives.

In 1964, I submitted my little jet plane for federal funding to senate and congressional committee chairman and the Department of Defense for defense and commercial applications. From then on I was experiencing severe employment and financial problems, including many physical as well as death threats. Therefore I decided to concentrate on designing other worthwhile products in hope to acquire enough money so that I could continue my research on hydrogen and for this little jet plane in the near future. I offered to give companies several new products with exclusive patent rights just to obtain employment, but nothing worked and I was "blackballed" wherever I went, and then I became a consultant.

Fast forward into the 1980's. Zapata Oil Company, owned by George Bush Sr. drilled horizontally into the Naval Oil Reserves in Los Angeles and stole large amounts of oil from the government, but not a single person went to prison. The oil company then drilled horizontally wells from the Kuwait side into the Iraqi oil fields. Saddam Hussein warned Kuwait to remove the drilling rigs, but the warning was ignored. Therefore Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait.

About the same time, I received a copy (about 90 pages) of a plan involving a group of ultra conservative Christian leaders with a listing of various multi-millionaires from Dallas, which included to my recollection George W. Bush. This group had acquired the rights to "Cold Fusion" and proclaimed to be able to control the future energy supply for the world, and with the religious right extremists would be able to Christianize the Mid-East and monopolize the world by the year 2000. After about 1 year, I decided that I could not have in my possession such a crazy plan, because this plan seemed at the time just total madness. When "Cold Fusion" fizzled, the plan was hatched to take over the Iraqi oil fields by Rumsfeld and George W. Bush and to turn the supposedly $17 Trillion of Iraqi oil deposits by raising oil prices, into a windfall of $77 Trillion. By controlling the remaining Arab oil and Iran oil, this group would then control very much the world economy. With the 9/11 disaster, George W. Bush was able to convince the senate and congress with the invasion of Iraq, and he even promised to withdraw from Iraq within 100 days after the invasion.

On January 11, 2010, the Department of Energy made numerous grants from the stimulus law aimed at jump-starting research to Daimler (Germany), Cummins, Inc., Navistar, Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Delphi Automotive Systems and Robert Bosch (Germany) to develop smaller, more efficient, and cleaner diesel engines, and to improve truck-and-trailer aerodynamics. The Daimler grant is shared with partners Oregon State University and BAE Systems. Our government is funding these grants, and are mostly for research, engineering and development for the automotive industry for a 5-year program with additional future funding for an estimated 6,000 jobs.

General Motors and Chrysler still depend on government help. Our Oregon Governor, Senators and Congressman exclaimed “This is exactly the kind of booster shot we need for our economy.” My request for funding my Hydrogen Energy Regeneration Projects on December 17, 2008 to our President Obama, Senators and Congressmen were ignored, including my proposal for new innovation such as my (gasoline/oil) vaporization process for maximizing fuel economy, and complete US built cars with common universal interchangeable quality car body parts for General Motors, Ford and Chrysler to reduce “planned obsolescence” so that our auto industry would have a chance to survive against lower cost imported cars. A few meaningless form letters were received from senators and congressmen, but no direct positive responses. Our entire government is for sale to foreign corporations.

March 9, 2010, 3:32 p.m. EST • Recommend • Post:
US Department of Energy Selects NRG for Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Demonstration Project in Texas

PRINCETON, N.J., Mar 09, 2010 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- NRG Energy, Inc. has been selected by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) to receive up to $154 million, including funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, to build a post-combustion carbon capture demonstration unit at NRG's WA Parish plant southwest of Houston. The proposed project was submitted under the Clean Coal Power Initiative Program (CCPI), a cost-shared collaboration between the federal government and private industry to demonstrate low-emission carbon capture and storage technologies in advanced coal-based, power generation. The goal of CCPI is to accelerate the readiness of advanced coal technologies for commercial deployment, ensuring that the United States has clean, reliable, and affordable electricity and power.

"The DOE recognizes the need to put a high priority on funding clean coal projects in order to substantially reduce the carbon intensity of existing fossil fueled electricity production," said David Crane, President and CEO of NRG Energy. "Development and deployment of these carbon capture technologies at scale, not only in the United States but also worldwide as well, is essential if we are to meet successfully the challenge of global climate change. We're excited about working with the DOE on this important project."

Scheduled to begin operating in 2013, NRG's carbon capture demonstration project at WA Parish will be among the first of its kind. It will use Fluor Corporation's advanced Econamine FG Plussm technology to process flue gas from the plant equal in quantity to that of a 60 megawatt unit. It will be designed to capture 90% of incoming CO2, or approximately 400,000 metric tons of CO2 annually--a level that can further advance the technology's viability on a larger scale. Once captured, the CO2 will be compressed and used in enhanced oilfield recovery operations.

Carbon capture technology is part of NRG's clean energy portfolio that includes nuclear, onshore wind, offshore wind and solar that will help the Company meet future energy production and environmental sustainability goals.

About NRG
NRG Energy, Inc., a Fortune 500 company and member of the S&P 500, owns and operates one of the country's largest and most diverse power generation portfolios. Headquartered in Princeton, NJ, the Company's power plants provide more than 24,000 megawatts of generation capacity--enough to supply more than 20 million homes. NRG's retail business, Reliant Energy, serves more than 1.6 million residential, business, commercial and industrial customers in Texas.

Safe Harbor Disclosure
This news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Such forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions and include NRG's expectations regarding the post-combustion carbon capture demonstration unit at NRG's WA Parish plant and forward-looking statements typically can be identified by the use of words such as "will," "expect," "believe," and similar terms. Although NRG believes that its expectations are reasonable, it can give no assurance that these expectations will prove to have been correct, and actual results may vary materially. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated above include, among others, general economic conditions, hazards customary in the power industry, competition in wholesale power markets, the volatility of energy and fuel prices, failure of customers to perform under contracts, changes in the wholesale power markets, changes in government regulation of markets and of environmental emissions, unanticipated outages at our generation facilities, the inability to implement value enhancing improvements to plant operations and companywide processes, and our ability to achieve the expected benefits and timing of our RepoweringNRG projects.

NRG undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. The foregoing review of factors that could cause NRG's actual results to differ materially from those contemplated in the forward-looking statements included in this news release should be considered in connection with information regarding risks and uncertainties that may affect NRG's future results included in NRG's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission at

SOURCE: NRG Energy, Inc.
NRG Energy, Inc.
Meredith Moore, 609-524-4522
David Knox, 713-795-6106
Lori Neuman, 609-524-4525

By: Manfred Zysk, M.E. November 22, 2009


In previous disclosed research many years ago, I described certain functions involving hydrogen atoms. These functions included the contraction of the orbit of the electron around the proton (nucleus), whereby the electron is circling the proton held in place by a magnetic field that is surrounding the proton. The orbital, polar and spherical contraction of the electron onto the existing magnetic field of the proton causes friction and generates heat energy. The greater the contraction and compression force to reduce and compress the orbit of the electron, the more friction and energy is produced, because the magnetic field is resisting contact with the proton.

The contraction and compression of the orbit of the electron around the proton produces heat and a miniscule residue which trails the revolving electron, and can be observed by a spectrograph. Of course as the contraction and compression of the orbit of and upon the electron is increased, the miniscule residue becomes more pronounced and visible on a spectrograph.

The contraction and compression of the orbit of the electron has an "exited effect" upon the proton, which at the same time corresponds with increased magnetic resistance force and generates heat energy. Some of the miniscule residue comes from the "exited" proton, and can be observed by a spectrograph as trailing behind the orbiting electron in the form of traces of heat.

Various chemical substances and chemical elements react with hydrogen atoms. Some radical and highly corrosive chemical elements produce very violent explosive force and energy, and can generate nuclear power as has been demonstrated. There is no need to go into the physics of nuclear power theory and application at this point, because a safe and applicable energy source is needed to replace diminishing fossil fuel and oil.

Therefore, when a measured amount of hydrogen atoms, oxygen and reactive chemical elements are combined in a closed and sealed container, it is possible to generate a calculated contraction and compression of the orbit of electrons onto the protons. By stabilizing the chemical reaction (pressure) in a closed container by maintaining the contracted and compressed orbit of electrons, it is then possible to generate heat and energy for extended periods of time, depending upon the formula of chemical elements. The duration of sustained energy output is difficult to estimate and would require substantial research, practical development, product manufacturing and product safety before making any valid claims of energy functionality and efficiencies. Regardless, I have considered the use of a continuous closed loop hydrogen regeneration process and system if and when necessary depending upon application and products. For additional information, please see my website:

With the use of a closed loop hydrogen regeneration system, whereby all chemical components and chemical elements are regenerated in an association and dissociation process, this is a process that is most suitable for several applications. It is then possible to produce heat and energy for a very long time without refilling or substituting these chemical elements. All mechanical products or mechanical systems require maintenance, replacement, practicality including product safety, and was my primary concern of my hydrogen research in 1963. If hydrogen were readily available and inexpensive, then several hundred new mechanical/ chemical processes and products could be developed in the future. My position is never to make any claims or statements that cannot be substantiated, unless proven by actual performance and product reliability. But by going through logical thought, explanations and conclusive research, it is possible to obtain the expected results for making claims to proprietary research and intellectual property rights, just like those for patent claims and patent rights. My computer is being hacked continuously; therefore I am releasing my research worldwide to the news media and the public via the internet. Every few weeks I proofread my research again and reinstate any missing or changed content and what appear to be typographical errors.


A comment about BlackLight Power and their claims of producing a new form of hydrogen called hydrinos. Claims are made of forming a new type of hydrogen which enters into new forms of lower-energy states, and in Dr. Mill's theory he predicts a transition to a lower electron energy level in the hydrogen atom, which under certain conditions can release substantial quantities of heat, positioned between chemical combustion and nuclear power – without the problems of nuclear power.

Dr. Mills claims the outer shell of the electron is being peeled of several layers like that of an onion to produce the hydrino into lower states of matter. Dr. Mills does not seem to realize that any onions, vegetables and fruit can be peeled to the core, and the onions, vegetables and fruit regardless remain onions, vegetables and fruit in chemical substance no matter what is done to them, unless they are being processed with other chemical components or elements into entirely different substances of matter such as refining oil to obtain jet fuel, plastics or chemicals. Obviously Dr. Mills and BlackLight Power have not achieved or developed such substances of matter to date.

Dr. Mills further claims his processes involve the consumption of hydrogen atoms and the need to replenish the supply of hydrogen, and the process of hydrino consumption produces a residue which needs to be disposed of. The creation of "hydrinos" including new forms of lower-energy states is herewith questionable and exhibits a form of semantics involving chemical reaction processes and practical physics. Unfortunately, many scientists have commented of unreliable and scattered assumptions of research results not being conclusive in content or application.

A news release on August 12, 2009, Dr. Mills stated: "BlackLight says it developed a solid fuel that efficiently liberates hydrinos and then requires very little energy (in the form of heat) to reverse the chemical product back into the initial solid fuel. The system is nearly closed-loop, requiring only the replacement of hydrogen consumed when forming hydrinos."

Back in 1998, Dr. Mills promised of just being a few months away from developing and completing workable test models and power plants, but to date I have not seen a news release of such an operating unit or electric power plant by BlackLight Power. Nothing has been learned from the "COLD FUSION" farce of which Dr. Mills had also been an advocate.

The latest effort is a Non-Exclusive License Agreement with GEOENERGIE SpA to use the BlackLight Process and certain BlackLight energy technology for the production or thermal or electric power in Italy. Further comments do not appear to be necessary, because the News Release is self explanatory.


BlackLight Power, Inc. Announces First Commercial License in Europe with GEOENERGIE SpA, Energy Subsidiary of Geogreen

Non-Exclusive License to produce up to 750 MW of continuous power
Cranbury, NJ (March 23, 2010)—BlackLight Power, Inc. (BLP) today announced its seventh commercial license agreement, and first in Europe with GEOENERGIE SpA, Energy Subsidiary of Geogreen. In a non-exclusive agreement, BLP has licensed GEOENERGIE SpA to use the BlackLight Process and certain BLP energy technology for the production of thermal or electric power in Italy. GEOENERGIE SpA may produce gross thermal power up to a maximum continuous capacity of 750 MW or convert this thermal power to corresponding electricity.

About Geogreen
Geogreen is an Italian company founded in 2000 as RadiciGroup's sole energy provider. Geogreen, through GEOENERGIE SpA and Geogreen SpA, is one of the leading suppliers of integrated products and services from the supply of electric power to the production of hydroelectric and thermoelectric energy (cogeneration) and the development of projects and businesses in the biomass, thermal and photovoltaic solar energy, eolic energy and gas sectors.

With consolidated sales of EUR 957 million, RadiciGroup is one of the most active Italian chemical companies at an international level. RadiciGroup's diversified businesses operate worldwide with production and sales units located in Europe, Asia, North and South America focused on chemicals, plastics, and synthetic fibers. RadiciGroup’s products are the starting-point for developments in the clothing, sport, furnishings, automotive, electrical/electronic and appliances sectors.
For more information, please visit:

With best regards,
Manfred Zysk, M.E.

By: Manfred Zysk, February 19, 2009
Updated: April 20, 2009

Disclosure and research contains proprietary intellectual and property rights.

President Barack Obama, Cabinet Members, White House Staff and members of the Senate and Congress are asked to review and respond to my noteworthy research proposal, and I kindly request an appropriate response within a reasonable time. If you require any further information, please do not hesitate to contact me.

President Barack Obama and the Democratic Party members in the Senate and Congress are asked to provide the necessary research funds to numerous universities for this great medical discovery by steering this medical science project to its successful completion. This research could have been conducted about 18-19 years ago, but the national emphasis was concentrated primarily on global military operations, and therefore it was pointless up to now to release this medical discovery. Even today, the Republican Party remains anti-science, has become very Anti-American by opposing many new scientific research projects such as global climate change, and has destroyed the economy of the United States by plundering our nations' wealth. Government research grants and science funding would provide many jobs for progressive universities and also provide many opportunities for future doctors throughout the medical profession. This is truly significant and will provide great health benefits in the future. Please respond in three (3) weeks, or by April 10, 2009. My research disclosure was made to the White House and approximately 26 Senators and 42 Congressmen in Washington, D.C. To date I have not received a single response from the United States Government.

It is now a reality to conduct body cell research for regenerating and replacement of body cells for curing most illnesses, cancers and the reduction of the aging process with the use of computers and supercomputers. The structure and composition of body cells vary greatly and is as complex as DNA, and certain negative and harmful molecules (due to age old hereditary chromosome interbreeding) can be isolated and stripped from the complex cells, DNA and chromosomes, and enhanced cell regeneration substances, and positive characteristics can be inserted into the structure of body cells and its numerous components, and by modifying the cell genome correspondingly by splicing enhanced and positive characteristics into the DNA and chromosomes.

This research process involves the study of body cells of young and small children, teenagers, young adults, middle age adults and senior persons in various stages of life. Specifically young children into their growing years, young adults growing into maturity, mature adults, adults at the point of the beginning of the body cell aging process, mid-life adults when the entire body cells are in the aging process, and the final stage in life when the replacement of new body cells are entering a decline, and the cell renewal/replacement process is slowing down, or the body has stopped the replication of cells, then these positive differences in DNA composition aspects can be analyzed, separated and spliced into the DNA and chromosomes. The negative differences in the DNA and chromosome composition can be stripped and removed from the DNA and chromosomes.

When a complete computer analysis is made of the body cell structure and cell growth structure during the specific stages of life, and aging, then the molecule composition differences between young cell growth, mature cell growth, the onset of cell deterioration, the limit of body cell growth and the reduction of body cell growth development, then, when comparing these variable changes in body cells, will then provide information and data for the modification of the cell structure, DNA and chromosomes, and for the development of most physical cures such as cancer, malaria, tuberculosis, aids and venereal diseases, including of reducing the aging process, et cetera. The difference in molecule composition of body cell function from the youth age to old age can be observed, and involves the aging or slowing down of all body cell and organ functions which then affect all remaining body cells and tissue degeneration.

Therefore when the DNA and chromosome genome structure is modified by stripping the negative hereditary molecules and the negative genetic and aging molecules and by the careful replacement by splicing with regenerating molecule code aspects into the cell components of the DNA and chromosomes, then the most advanced and beneficial medical science achievements will be obtained. Since the entire DNA structure has now been decoded, it is now possible to continue to resolve the age old problems of numerous genetic afflictions and diseases that have haunted the human race for millennia. Hereditary genetic chromosome abnormalities can be removed and replaced with normal chromosomes in young children and young adults, so that their offspring and future generations are not afflicted with hereditary abnormalities.

To better understand the body cell biology, I recommend the useful website of Wikipedia and some related websites on Body Cell Biology, Body Cell Structure, the intricacies of cell Functions and Cell Evolution, Cell Culture, Cell Type, Cellular Components, Cytorrhysis, Cytotoxicity, Stem Cells, Chromosomes and Syncytium. The more people become knowledgeable about this great store of knowledge, the faster progress and benefits are produced for the health of humanity, and this is one of my contributions from outside the medical profession. This new medical research involves the DNA and Chromosomes of all body organs and glands including the entire nerve system of the brain. Therefore this medical research is far beyond the financial capabilities of companies and corporations, and all research should be conducted at many national and global medical universities to provide the most effective scientific results.

The research with supercomputers would include not only the replacement of body cells and body tissue, but also internal organ cell replacement in order to maximize the healing process, speedy recovery, to maintain extended physical wellbeing and to slow the aging process. The following common human ailments that would be affected or cured by cell regeneration and restoration are listed as Cancer, Breast Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Bone Cancer, Colon Cancer, Lung Cancer, Prostate Cancer and Prostate Inflammation, Lymphoma, Lymphocytosis, AIDS, Venereal Diseases, Liver Complications/Liver Degeneration, Tuberculosis, Malaria, Sickle Cell Anemia, Heart Attacks, Strokes, Aneurisms, Arthritis, Muscle Injuries, Healing of Broken Bones, Healing of Spine Injuries, Healing from Organ Operations in Hospitals, Healing from Lacerations and External Injuries, Burns, Infections, Pneumonia, Brain Cell Replacement, Hair Growth and Hair Pigment Regeneration, Skin Problems, improving Eyesight and Hearing due to aging, et cetera.

Of course many cases are so severe and beyond any treatment of cell regeneration, and that has to be expected, because there are limits to everything. Obviously, such medical research and development is truly revolutionary and could utilize several thousand of medical researchers and doctors. The following is a short but condensed explanation of the complex body cell structure, and their functions with insights into the removal of harmful genetic material, and the replacement with the rejuvenating aspects of new growth molecules, as well as the disposal and elimination process of used material or waste from human body cells.

Every cell possesses DNA and chromosomes, and hereditary material in genes, and is mostly self-contained and self maintained by absorbing nutrients, to convert these nutrients into energy and to reproduce cells. Every cell contains its own intrinsic code for complete cell reproduction and contains reproduction substances for cell division, enzymes and proteins that are coded by DNA genes, metabolism for absorbing nutrients for the building of cell components, the converting of energy, the ability of extracting chemical energy, and responding to internal and external stimuli. Plasma membrane envelopes each cell which regulates the substances that are absorbed and discharged with electric impulses and contain a variety of protein molecules which have the capability to filter different molecules and transport these substances into the cell, as well as to discharge used/or waste substances and waste cell material. The exterior of the cell membrane contains receptor proteins which attract and transport external molecules and hormones into the cell for processing.

The cell also contains a cytoskeleton composed of a substance that arranges and positions various sub-cellular components within the cell, feeds the external molecules to the sub-cellular components which grow until cell division takes place and the separation of daughter cells. The eukaryotic cytoskeleton consists of microfilaments, microtubules and intermediate filaments that contain proteins for controlling the cell structure by directing, aligning and bundling the filaments.

Inside the cell is a gel-type substance (cytoplasm), which separates and surrounds all sub-cellular components and contains thousands of tiny, miniscule fibers, called organelles. The cytoplasm is the substance that provides for chemical reactions for the growth, expansion and replication of organelles and sub-organisms.

Ordinary cells are Prokaryote cells or Eukaryotic cells can contain over a dozen components. One of these components contains a nucleus and nucleolus which contains the cell genome (DNA) and chromosomes with histone proteins. The cell nucleus has a double membrane and protects the DNA and RNA from various molecules and substances or from other cell processing functions. During the processing function, the DNA is transformed into a special RNA and released out of the nucleus. The cell nucleus contains all DNA codes, hereditary gene material, and ribonucleic acid (RNA), including the replication process. The nucleus controls all cell functions and cell structure. Genetic material is classified as deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Biological information in an organism is encoded in its DNA or RNA sequence. Most organisms use DNA for the genetic code for long-term information storage, but viruses have RNA as their genetic material for information transport and for enzymatic functions. Eukaryotic genetic material is divided into different, linear molecules called chromosomes inside the nucleolus of the nucleus.

A human cell has genetic material stored in the nucleus (nuclear genome) as well as the mitochondria (mitochondrial genome). Genes provide instructions for making proteins. The nuclear genome is divided into 23 pairs of linear DNA molecules called chromosomes. The mitochondria produce enough ATP energy to supply the entire cell functions with energy. The mitochondrial genome is located apart from the nucleus and is substantially smaller in size. The RNA (tRNA) molecules add amino acids towards the process of cell growth replication and cell division. Chromosome abnormalities are usually in the structure of the chromosomes or in the number of chromosomes and can result in Down’s syndrome, et cetera.

The Golgi apparatus primary function is to process cell synthesized macromolecules of proteins and lipids for secretion.

Lysosomes contain digestive enzymes and digest excess and worn-out organelles, food particles including viruses and bacteria that were not filtered out by the cytoskeleton. Peroxisomes contain enzymes which remove or neutralize any toxic peroxides within the cell. Centrosomes produce microtubules and transport the microtubules through the rough endoplasmic reticulum and contain 2 centrioles, which split and divide during cell division. Vacuoles store food, water and waste.

Cell metabolism involves the process of breaking down complex molecules to produce energy for the cell and then to apply the energy to construct new complex molecules for performing various biological functions. Every cell contains complete replication and duplication information of the cell genome and DNA before cell division.

Harmful or foreign genetic material in the form of DNA are routinely inserted into the body cells such as from certain viruses and molecules that are transmitted through oxygen, blood or through the enzymes that have been digested from food, and can be significant, but most are filtered out by the cytoskeleton. These foreign genetic materials can contribute to slow the performance of glands and organs, and reduce the function of various glands and organs. Pesticides, herbicides, chemicals, food additives and food preservatives are some of the contributors to damage the body cells from prolonged exposure, and toxicity can cause immune problems, premature organ failures and can become cancerous due to immune deficiencies, et cetera.

Blood is created in the bone marrow and red blood cells are created by hematopoietic stem cells. In children most bones produce blood, but in adults only certain bones produce blood. Blood has many different types of cells and become fully mature in different places throughout the body, including the spleen and the lymph system. All blood cells come from the same common stem cell and can be adapted into any blood cell. So, as the bone marrow produces stem cells and the stem cells develop blood cells which then pass through the porous bones and enter the bloodstream.

Red blood cells last approximately 120 days in the bloodstream and white blood cells can last from a few days to years. The body has a unique system to produce new red blood cells and when oxygen levels become low when old cells have been disposed, and then the kidneys produce a hormone which stimulates the stem cells in the bone marrow and signals the production of red blood cells. This is very much the same as when the body is burning calories and the body needs more nourishment in the form of food, or when various organs or glands initiate a craving for certain food substances and for certain food minerals.

The intricate cell components, organelles and molecules can be modified by increasing certain process operations and/or to slow down desirable process operations, including the function of the cell structure and their components, and by modifying the DNA and RNA while enhancing other molecular functions, as well as by stripping any undesirable genetic aspects from the coding of DNA genes for replacement with positive aspects. This would enhance the function of immobilizing and destroying any viruses and cancerous microbes.

I specifically want to address Malaria, TB, Venereal Diseases, Aids and Polio infected blood cells as an example, because these need to be treated at the point that produces and processes the nourishment and protein/oxygen supply to these parasites. It is then obvious that the bone marrow and origin of the blood cell production point is the location where the nourishment and protein supply to the parasites is the central location for medical treatment to starve and destroy these parasites wherever they may be located within the body.

Malaria parasites alone infect more than 350 million people each year, and the annual death rate is more than 1 million in Africa among women and children. Malaria is most prolific in Africa, Asia and South America. The Malaria parasites invade the red blood cells, where they feed on red blood cells. The bone marrow produces corpuscles and hemoglobin containing iron-rich protein and oxygen. Malaria parasites are protozoa organisms and have become highly resistant to drugs. Experiments in combining quinine with chloroquine to produce T3.5 have potent anti-malaria abilities, but actual research on humans is not being conducted due to the lack of adequate funding according to research by the Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center and an article in the journal Nature.

This can also be done by directing certain elements of anti-virus substances to the various organs and glands for filtering, processing and by directing these antibody elements and substances directly to the infected cells. In the case of various tissue and organ cancers such as breast cancer, TB, Malaria, Polio, Venereal Diseases and Aids, when successful remission of the virus proliferation occurs, it is necessary to allow for the natural body process to dispose of the virus waste, and/or by stimulating the cell function to dispel the virus waste, including the damaged cell waste, instead of performing an operation or to perform harmful laser surgery. Unfortunately Laser Surgery and Chemotherapy can leave infected and burned cancer body cells in the infected cancer location and the large amount of cancer waste from laser treatments does not have an adequate way to dispose of these wastes. This can result in internal bleeding and further problems. Besides this is extremely stressful on the body immune system and can cause many other physical complications.

Similarly this applies to the various types of Cancers, TB, Malaria, Polio, Venereal Diseases and Aids that invade the organs and tissue of the body. During the processing and production of body cells, additional antibody substances can be injected into the point of origin of cell production, and by splicing enhanced aspects into the DNA and chromosomes to provide the necessary resistance to the virus or cancer. Also, antibody substances should be injected directly into the infected organs, glands and tissue, so that the infected cells or organs receive a direct antibody dosage.

While my disclosure may appear to be a somewhat simple process, but it is far more difficult and complex, and requires complete cell research with precise magnification of chromosomes and molecules with direct linkage to supercomputers to conduct complete automated computer generated research results of every gland and organ in the human body in all age groups. These medical research trials of chromosomes and DNA can be programmed and directly linked with computers or supercomputers. The computer programs can conduct complete genetic chromosome research of stripping and splicing the mitochondria (mitochondrial genome) and body cell components. These computer generated research programs can function similar to robots on automated conveyor production lines in automotive assembly plants by using Nano technology.

This will revolutionize the medical profession and eliminate many harmful and damaging drugs. As a result and additional benefit, much better and useful drugs will be developed, including in the mental health area by studying chromosome abnormalities and mineral deficiencies. Many persons with mental disabilities can receive DNA, chromosome, and brain cell modification treatments to become productive and potentially or nearly normal, functioning persons. Without a doubt, this will revolutionize the existing medical profession and improved health care for the next generations. Most likely many thousands of doctors and medical students would be interested to study and treat patients for the above mentioned diseases and illnesses at universities and in private practice.

Basically, the same research can be done for numerous types of vegetation such as vegetables, crops, berries, fruit, plants and trees. An example is corn. The cellular DNA and genome of corn could be modified to produce shorter but stronger plant stems and produce more nutritious, larger and more ears of corn with a possibility of less nutrient and mineral soil depletion. The nutrient values can be increased for most foods and vegetables. My research and description is very brief, but this can open the doors for extensive research projects for many universities. Hopefully the United States Universities can take the lead in this valuable research.

When fully implemented, the above described Body Cell Regeneration Process can be considered one of the greatest human achievements ever conducted. The most valuable research ever conducted would be the development and production of abundant new global energy. My research of Hydrogen Energy and Hydrogen Energy Regeneration for most applications can replace depleting fossil fuel. The oceans contain 11% hydrogen, and with the combination of a hydrogen energy regeneration process, the world population would have sufficient energy supplies for several centuries. I have requested federal funding for fossil fuel regeneration and other noteworthy energy projects for many years, without success. For more details please see my website: Again, I kindly request an appropriate response from the White House, and the Senate and Congress as soon as possible. I would need direct federal appropriations, and federal agencies have a habit to deliberately cause delays, complicate or generate expensive bureaucratic procedures. Thank you.

With best regards,

Manfred Zysk
1655 S. Elm Street, #5
Canby, Oregon 97013
Phone: 503-266-1483
(Dated: February 19, 2009)

WebMD Health News - $1000 Personal Genome Coming: Are We Ready? – April 29, 2010
Some companies now offer gene sequencing and it costs less than $10,000 to learn your own personal genome, but soon may cost no more than $1,000. Whole genome sequencing of individuals will reveal any vulnerabilities and potential risks toward a particular disease and possibilities during the later stages in life. The average person, family and relatives have about 100 heretic and genetic risks.

Almost all heredity and genetic risks can be eliminated through my proposed Body Cell Regeneration Process, including some drugs and changes in environment and life style, such as stress, food diet, preservatives and exposure to harmful chemicals. It should be remembered that with age, a person’s metabolism changes and any mental and physical environments have an effect on the health and lifespan. Hopefully, this new health care system, including complete dental care can be implemented in the near future for the entire public nationwide under the new health care system. Preventive medicine and healthy environments produce a desirable, productive and vibrant society. This would be a great benefit to the overall health and society of this nation and globally.


Researchers at J. Craig Venter Institute in Rockville, Md. announced Thursday that they had inserted DNA synthesized in a laboratory into the nucleus of a living cell that had been stripped of its own DNA, obtaining a functioning semi-synthetic microorganism.

The artificially created cell – a bacterium- did not have any unusually characteristics, because the inserted DNA was a chemical copy of an existing genome. But the feat showed that synthesizing a genome and having it control a cell can be done, paving the way for the creation of microbes with specialized properties that could be of great value to industry.

Geneticist Paul Keim of Northern Arizona University stated: “It points toward a future in genetic engineering where, instead of doing single gene-engineering events, we will have the ability to do very complex genetic engineering feats that will involve the combination of many genes and many complex biological functions. Some environmental groups warned against unforeseen consequences and to begin regulating synthetic biology experiments. The Canadian ETC Group: “The government and society in general are not ready for self-replicating artificial life forms. There has not been adequate monitoring of this while it was being developed. It’s being borne into this environment where there is no real regulation and no understanding of it.”

My comment: Already we see the dark side of monstrous science approaching from exploitive forces, corporations and industry. Any and all genetic and DNA research should only be conducted under strict regulations and controls by civilian oversight, including by government agencies only. All genetic and DNA research obviously should only be conducted to improve health and to combat health ailments. May 27, 2010

Manfred Zysk, M.E.


Arguably the most important hormone in the body, Human Growth Hormone, or HGH, is produced by the pituitary gland in the brain. After the age of 20, the hormone release rate greatly decreases, and by the age of 30 most people start to notice an acceleration in the aging process. One of the leading factors involved in this decline is the decreased production of Human Growth Hormone.

Studies indicate that your body produces about 15% less of the hormone with each successive decade. As you get older and your body begins to produce less of the human growth hormone, you start to notice that you look and feel older. Human Growth Hormone stimulates virtually all of the various systems in your body. The hormone increases your metabolism, helping to break down fat, build proteins and create lean muscle. Human Growth Hormone is often referred to as the "fountain of youth hormone" due to its youth-promoting benefits.

The effects of Human Growth Hormone on humans have been studied and tested on people for over 40 years. HGH has received an astounding amount of press in the last few years, largely due to a 1998 clinical study conducted by the National Institute of Aging. The results of this study have been described as "too good to be true" and "miraculous" by the medical community.

No other substance known to medical science has been shown continually to deter and reverse the process of aging.

Powerful HGH benefits include the following:

Muscle mass restoring.
Body fat decrease.
Skin thickening, wrinkle reducing.
Lost hair restoration.
Hair color restoration.
Energy and sexual function increase.
Cholesterol profile improvement.
Size of liver, pancreas, heart and others organs restoration.
Vision improvement.
Memory improvement.
Blood pressure normalization.
Cardiac output and stamina increase.
Immune function improvement.

Human Growth Hormone works in both men and women.

One bottle contains 60 capsules.

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Sorry, what was that again?

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That's the first legitimate use for the NBR Dislike button I've seen.

It's also the worst investor proposal I've ever seen.

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All rise, face the flag, and salute. General Insanity just entered the room.

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Good article, Rodney, and timely. We need to keep pressure on the IPCC and their sycophants, and the public need reminding of a gross nonsense which is filling some pockets and hasn't gone away. The IPCC's reports justify the "carbon-free licensing" we pay for, the idea we should reduce energy use for the carbon emissions it saves and expensive planning restrictions on waterfront development for fear of sea level rise. There's more, it's deeply embedded and there's no reason for it. The unrestricted use of oil and coal is justified and without penalty in the natural world, save only that we prevent the ordinary pollution they can cause.

"That leaves the IPCC Assessments up there with political and religious blather."

Nice summary - brief, understandable and cutting!

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Surely the readers of the NBR understand risk mitigation? Yes, we can't be 100% sure that humans are causing climate change - in science one is very rarely 100% sure - but the weight of evidence suggests that we are having at least some impact.

The issue is this: If we are causing it, we're causing ourselves negative long term outcomes. So lets mitigate this risk by limiting our CO2 emissions. If it turns our that we're not causing it (and it either happens anyway, or doesn't happen), we're in no worse place anyway. Simple.

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"The issue is this: If we are causing it, we're causing ourselves negative long term outcomes."

That is an assumption, not an issue.

"lets mitigate this risk by limiting our CO2 emissions"

So we cause immediate harm in order to possibly mitigate a future risk. And what is certain is that the cost of the mitigation is many times greater than the possible benefit from its imperceptible impact on future climate.

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So Rodney repeats the findings of the IAC report from two years ago? Apparently that's what passes for news around here.

Far more relevant is are the new findings from the Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature, funded by the Koch Brothers who are not exactly dreadlocked hippies.

The conclusions of that research:
"global warming was real and that the prior estimates of the rate of warming were correct. ...Humans are almost entirely the cause."

...which is exactly what credible scientists have been saying for two decades. Anyone denying climate change now goes in the same bucket with people who continue to insist the Earth is flat.

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Anthony Watts on whose incomplete data the work you link to was based has just released a new paper based on better data and methodology which refutes the earlier work:

We will see how the analysis plays out. And from your own link:

"It’s a scientist’s duty to be properly skeptical. I still find that much, if not most, of what is attributed to climate change is speculative, exaggerated or just plain wrong. I’ve analyzed some of the most alarmist claims, and my skepticism about them hasn’t changed.

Hurricane Katrina cannot be attributed to global warming. The number of hurricanes hitting the United States has been going down, not up; likewise for intense tornadoes. Polar bears aren’t dying from receding ice, and the Himalayan glaciers aren’t going to melt by 2035. And it’s possible that we are currently no warmer than we were a thousand years ago, during the “Medieval Warm Period” or “Medieval Optimum,” an interval of warm conditions known from historical records and indirect evidence like tree rings. And the recent warm spell in the United States happens to be more than offset by cooling elsewhere in the world, so its link to “global” warming is weaker than tenuous."

One final clue for you: nobody is denying climate change.

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Jez -- you should catch up with what Dr Willian Connelly and Dr Micheal Mann ( two of the strongest proponents of AGW ) are saying and Dr Muller's BEST results. They are highly critical !!

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Even the American Left recognise that this is merely a tax and control tool.

Interestingly the Auckland Unitary Plan is Agenda 21 101 and the fact that Jim Diers is being paid by Auckland Council to train staff in manufactured sock puppet consensus speaks volumes.

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The common enemy of humanity is man. In searching for a new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill. All these dangers are caused by human intervention, and it is only through changed attitudes and behavior that they can be overcome. The real enemy then, is humanity itself."
- Club of Rome, premier environmental think-tank, consultants to the United Nations

"No matter if the science of global warming is all phony... climate change provides the greatest opportunity to bring about
justice and equality in the world."
- Christine Stewart, former Canadian Minister of the Environment

"It doesn't matter what is true, it only matters what people believe is true."
- Paul Watson, co-founder of Greenpeace

"The only way to get our society to truly change is to frighten people with the possibility of a catastrophe."
- emeritus professor Daniel Botkin

"We are on the verge of a global transformation. All we need is the right major crisis..."
- David Rockefeller, Club of Rome executive member

"Isn't the only hope for the planet that the industrialized civilizations collapse? Isn't it our responsibility to bring that about?"
- Maurice Strong, founder of the UN Environment Programme

"Global Sustainability requires the deliberate quest of poverty, reduced resource consumption and set levels of mortality control."
- Professor Maurice King

"My three main goals would be to reduce human population to about 100 million worldwide, destroy the industrial infrastructure and see wilderness, with it’s full complement of species,returning throughout the world."
- Dave Foreman, co-founder of Earth First!

"A cancer is an uncontrolled multiplication of cells; the population explosion is an uncontrolled multiplication of people.
We must shift our efforts from the treatment of the symptoms to the cutting out of the cancer. The operation will demand many apparently brutal and heartless decisions.''
- Prof Paul Ehrlich, The Population Bomb

"A reasonable estimate for an industrialized world society at the present North American material standard of living would be 1 billion. At the more frugal European standard of living, 2 to 3 billion would be possible."
- United Nations, Global Biodiversity Assessment

"A total population of 250-300 million people, a 95% decline from present levels, would be ideal."
- Ted Turner, founder of CNN and major UN donor

"... the resultant ideal sustainable population is hence more than 500 million but less than one billion."
- Club of Rome, Goals for Mankind

"One America burdens the earth much more than twenty Bangladeshes. This is a terrible thing to say. In order to
stabilize world population, we must eliminate 350,000 people per day. It is a horrible thing to say, but it's just as bad not
to say it." - Jacques Cousteau, UNESCO Courier

"If I were reincarnated I would wish to be returned to earth as a killer virus to lower human population levels."
- Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, patron of the World Wildlife Fund

"I suspect that eradicating small pox was wrong. It played an important part in balancing ecosystems."
- John Davis, editor of Earth First! Journal

"The extinction of the human species may not only be
inevitable but a good thing."
- Christopher Manes, Earth First!

“The extinction of Homo Sapiens would mean survival for millions, if not billions, of Earth-dwelling species. Phasing out the human race will solve every problem on Earth - social and environmental.”
- Ingrid Newkirk, former President of PETA

"Childbearing should be a punishable crime against society, unless the parents hold a government license. All potential
parents should be required to use contraceptive chemicals, the government issuing antidotes to citizens chosen for childbearing."
- David Brower, first Executive Director of the Sierra Club

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Since its very foundation, the IPCC has been a sounding board for green activists.

That is indeed its purpose. It has no remit to investigate whether or not climate change is significantly man-made and whether this constitutes a threat serious enough to handicap the global economy with massive tax and regulation because it takes all those as givens: as far as the IPCC’s concerned, the debate is over and the time to act is now. (Which, funnily enough, is exactly what green activists think).

This was the point of McKitrick and McIntyre’s brilliant demolition of the Hockey Stick; the point of Climategate; the point of Amazongate, Glaciergate, Africagate et al; the point of Donna Laframboise’s superb research showing how much “grey literature” (ie activist propaganda with no solid scientific basis) from activist groups like WWF and Greenpeace has informed the IPCC’s supposedly state-of-the-art assessment reports.

The Man Made Global Warming industry is a crock, a scam on an epic scale, fed by the world’s biggest outbreak of mass hysteria, stoked by politicians dying for an excuse to impose more tax and regulation on us while being seen to “care” about an issue of pressing urgency, fuelled by the shrill lies and tear-jerking propaganda of activists possessed of no understanding of the real world other than a chippy instinctive hatred of capitalism, given a veneer of scientific respectability by post-normal scientists who believe their job is to behave like politicians rather than dispassionate seekers-after-truth, cheered on by rent-seeking businesses, financed by the EU, the UN and the charitable foundations of the guilt-ridden rich, and promoted at every turn by schoolteachers, college lecturers, organic muesli packets, Walkers crisps, the BBC, CNBC, Al Gore, the Prince Of Wales, David Suzuki, the British Antarctic Survey, Barack Obama, David Cameron and Knut – the late, dyslexic-challenging, baby polar bear, formerly of Berlin Zoo.

And you really don’t need to be a contrarian or an out-there conspiracy theorist or a hard-core libertarian or a rampant free-market capitalist or a dyed in the wool conservative to think this way any more.

This is reality. This is how it is. This is where all the overwhelming evidence points. So what kind of a bizarro, warped, intellectually challenged, cognitively dissonant, eco-fascistic nutcase would you have to be to think otherwise?

Look, I’m sorry to be blunt all you Greenies but don’t you think the charade has gone on long enough? Do you not think, maybe, that given that the IPCC is the basis of all your so-called “science” on climate change, and given that the IPCC has been proven dozens of times now to have been hijacked by activists with about as much of a handle on objective reality as Syd Barrett locked in a cupboard during a particularly bad acid trip, it mightn’t be time finally to do the decent thing?

Either come over to the side of reality, truth and climate scepticism (as Lynas and Lovelock have sort of done) and admit you’re wrong. Or gather together in your last redoubt with your Hansens and your Gores and your Monbiots and all the other die hards and do the only other honorable thing: show the courage of your convictions by staging a Climate Masada.

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Clearly, Rodney Hide knows as much about climate science as he does about integrity in politics.

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Clearly, unlike you, he is willing to learn.

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Yes, of course there is climate change,there always will be until we learn how to control the weather.This is a useful area of study for our scientists.
But it is a fact that human actions have a miniscule impact on climate.
What is concerning is why JK is inflicting ETS on a country that is struggling to regain some economic impetus.

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Jeez.....this amount of heat is going to make a contribution to the warmist cause......including the friction as they slide down a reforming glacier of their choice on the behinds they've been 'projecting' from!

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Rodney: I'd be interested in your comments on this article by Richard Muller - "The Conversion of a Climate Change Sceptic".

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As I said above, Muller's work relies on an incomplete version of Anthony Watt's data which has just been completed and reanalyzed:

Until that revision is properly assessed nothing is settled.

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I'd be interested in your comments on could call it Conversion of a key Climate Warming Inventor to the way of reality:

Lovelock does not miss a chance to criticise the green movement that has long paid heed to his views. "It's just the way the humans are that if there's a cause of some sort, a religion starts forming around it. It just so happens that the green religion is now taking over from the Christian religion. I don't think people have noticed that, but it's got all the sort of terms that religions use. The greens use guilt. You can't win people round by saying they are guilty for putting CO2 in the air."

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I read it with interest yesterday. And then I was up early to read Anthony Watts. I am not competent to work it all through but it would seem to me even the recent temperature record that the warmists have been using is taking a hammering.

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Hi Rodney, I used to be one of your voters :)

What's this Agenda 21 thing everyone is talking about and what does it have to do with the Super City? The only thing I could find was that Penny Hulse signed a ratification in Durban and Bob Harvie signed Waitaker up to ICLEI.

What do you think?

Thx CM x

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Can someone here comment on Muller's BEST results?

Can someone also please comment on Mr Watts study of recording stations?

Can some here please tell me why these 2 have fallen out and are now engaged in the cage fight?

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The variation of sea levels due to ice melting reported by experts has varied from several feet down to two inches over the last few years,shows the nonsence that has been reported in the press.
E Bidwill.

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fake numbers were put out by the very scientist that wanted funding for research

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