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Year in review: NZ dollar heads for 2% gain, belying volatile year

The kiwi peaked in September at 74.85USc.

Fri, 30 Dec 2016

The New Zealand dollar is heading for a 2% gain against the greenback this year, belying the currency's volatility in a year that delivered unexpected results in the UK's vote on European Union membership and the US presidential election, as well as local interest rates sinking to a new record low. 

The kiwi traded at 69.63USc at 1.30pm in Wellington on December 30 from 68.25UScents at the start of the year. However, New Zealand's currency fell as low as 63.46USc in January and peaked at 74.85USc in September in a year that whipped the kiwi back and forth. 

The greenback rallied through the final two months of the year after the surprise election of Donald Trump to the US presidency on a campaign of tax cuts and infrastructure spending gave the US Federal Reserve room to signal faster interest rate hikes next year after failing to deliver tighter policy this year.

The US dollar appreciation has slowed heading into the end of the financial year as investors look to lock in profits from that gain and as China reduced the weighting of the US dollar in its yuan index basket of currencies.

"We're definitely seeing some profit-taking, that's most of it, and the yuan thing exacerbated it in thin, illiquid markets," said Tim Kelleher, head of institutional FX sales NZ at ASB Institutional in Auckland.

"There's been a big squeeze over the new year on US dollars – the forward market's quite illiquid – but it will get better" once trading desks re-open in January, he said. 

The higher track for US interest rates has revived interest in global bond markets and boosted rates around the world, sapping expectations New Zealand's Reserve Bank will have to cut the official cash rate again.

New Zealand's two-year swap rate was unchanged at 2.5% and is down from 2.83% a year ago, while 10-year swaps at 3.58% were down from 3.73% at the end of 2015. 

On a trade-weighted basis, the kiwi is heading for a 4.4% gain in the year, trading at 77.57 at 1.30pm in Wellington on December 30 from 74.28 at the end of 2016. Again, the TWI was more volatile, peaking at 79.30 in September, having troughed at 70.44 in January. 

The kiwi is heading for a 22% gain against the UK pound after the currency was re-rated by investors after the surprise vote against Britain retaining its EU membership in late June. The kiwi traded at 56.63 UK pence from 46.30p at the end of last year. 

The local currency is heading for a 4.9% increase to 65.97 euro cents and a 2.6% rise to 96.15Ac since the start of the year. 

The kiwi is heading for an 8.7% gain to 4.8417 Chinese yuan, and a 1.1% decline to ¥81.04. 


Fri, 30 Dec 2016
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Year in review: NZ dollar heads for 2% gain, belying volatile year